IJCNS  Vol.3 No.9 , September 2010
A Virtual Channel-Based Approach to Compensation of I/Q Imbalances in MIMO-OFDM Systems
Abstract: Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)-orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) scheme has been considered as the most promising physical-layer architecture for the future wireless systems to provide high-speed communications. However, the performance of the MIMO-OFDM system may be degraded by in-phase/quadrature-phase (I/Q) imbalances caused by component imperfections in the analog front-ends of the transceivers. I/Q imbalances result in inter-carrier interference (ICI) in OFDM systems and cause inaccurate estimate of the channel state information (CSI), which is essential for diversity combining at the MIMO receiver. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to analyzing a MIMO-OFDM wireless communication system with I/Q imbalances over multi-path fading channels. A virtual channel is proposed as the combination of multi-path fading channel effects and I/Q imbalances at the transmitter and receiver. Based on this new approach, the effects of the channel and I/Q imbalances can be jointly estimated, and the influence of channel estimation error due to I/Q imbalances can be greatly reduced. An optimal minimal mean square error (MMSE) estimator and a low-complexity least square (LS) estimator are employed to estimate the joint coefficients of the virtual channel, which are then used to equalize the distorted signals. System performance is theoretically analyzed and verified by simulation experiments under different system configurations. The results show that the proposed method can significantly improve system performance that is close to the ideal case in which I/Q are balanced and the channel state information is known at the receiver.
Cite this paper: nullS. Ma, D. Duran, H. Sharif and Y. Yang, "A Virtual Channel-Based Approach to Compensation of I/Q Imbalances in MIMO-OFDM Systems," International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 9, 2010, pp. 711-721. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2010.39095.

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