The hexagonal boron nitride has been well investigated. Its layered structure is similar to that of graphite. In the manufacture of cosmetics, this structure is intended to improve the appearance, sensory aspect and makes it easy to mix excipients contained in the formulation in the mixture process. In cosmetology, the efficiency and the penetration of active substances into skin are known to be directly related to the particle size. However, only recently their nanostructured properties have been explored. In this work, the synthesis of hexagonal boron nitride in the nanoscale, its composition, structure, morphology and potential for future application in sunscreens are being investigated. The boron nitride was synthesized from boric acid and melamine to a heat treatment at 1600℃. The crystal structure was characterized by (XRD) and its morphology was examined by (SEM) and (TEM); the chemical composition was studied by (FTIR), (EDS) and (EELS), the texture characterization by (BET) and its potential in sunscreens by (FTIR and UV/VIS). Results have shown that boron nitride may be synthesized in the nanoscale and that this material has the potential to be incorporated into cosmetics.
Cite this paper
L. Ansaloni and E. de Sousa, "Boron Nitride Nanostructured: Synthesis, Characterization and Potential Use in Cosmetics," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 22-28. doi: 10.4236/msa.2013.41004.
 J. Y. Huang and Y. T. Zhu, “Advances in the Synthesis and Characterization of Boron Nitride,” Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 186-187, No. 1, 2000, pp. 1-32.
 W. J. Yu, W. M. Lau, S. P. Chan, Z. F. Liu and Q. Q. Zheng, “Ab Initio Study of Phase Transformations in Boron Nitride,” Physical Review B, Vol. 67, No.1, 2003, pp. 14108-14116. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.67.014108
 Y. Chen, M. Conway, J. S. Williams and J. Zou, “Large Quantity Production of High-Yield Boron Nitride Nanotubes”, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 17, No. 8, 2002, pp. 1896-1899. doi:10.1557/JMR.2002.0281
 C. Zhi, Y. Bando, C. Tang and D. Golberg, “Boron Nitri de Nanotubes,” Materials Science and Engineering R, Vol. 70, No. 3-6, 2010, pp. 92-111.
 S. Komatsu, Y. Shimizu, Y. Moriyoshi, K. Okada and M. Mitomo, “Preparation of Boron Nitride Nanocapsules by Plasma Assisted Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 9, 2002, pp. 6181-6184.
 T. Oku, M. Kuno and H. Kitahara, “Formation, Atomic Structures and Properties of Boron Nitride and Carbon Nanocage Fullerene Materials,” Internacional Journal of Inorganic Materials, Vol. 3, No. 7, 2001, pp. 597-612.
 P. Dibandjo, L. Bois, F. Chassagneux and P. Miele. “Thermal Stability of Mesoporous Boron Nitride Template with a Cationic Surfactant,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2007, pp. 313-317.
 L. Y. Chen, Y. L. Gu, L. Shi, Z. H. Yang, J. H. Ma and Y. T. Qian, “A Room-Temperature Approach to Boron Nitride Hollow Spheres,” Solid State Communication, Vol. 130, No. 8, 2004, pp. 537-540.
 H. J. Hwang, N. A. M. Barakat, M. A. Kanjwal, F. A. Sheikh and H. Y. Kim, “Boron Nitride Nonofibers by the Electrospinning Tecnique,” Macromolecular Research, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2010, pp. 551-557.
 R. S. Kalyoncu, “BN Powder Synthesis at Low Temperatures,” Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Vol. 6, No. 9-10, 1985, pp. 1356-1363.
 L Gao and J. Li, “Preparation of Nanostructured Hex agonal Boron Nitride Powder,” Journal of American Ceramic Society, Vol. 86, No. 11, 2003, pp. 1982-1984.
 J. E Costa and E. Lascaz, “Fotoprotetores,” Medicina Cutánea Ibero-Latino Americana A, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2001, pp. 145-152.
 L. H. Kligman, “Intensification of Ultraviolet-Induced Dermal Damage by Infrared Radiation,” Archives of Dermatological Research, Vol. 272, No. 3-4, 1982 pp. 229 238. doi:10.1007/BF00509050
 S. Cho, M. H. Shin, Y. K. Kim, J. E. Seo, Y. M. Lee, C. H. Park and J. H. Chung, “Effects of Infrared Radiation and Heat on Human Skin Aging in Vivo,” Journal of In vestigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2009, pp. 15-19. doi:10.1038/jidsymp.2009.7
 C. Calles, M. Schneider, F. Macaluso, T. Benesova, J. Krutmann and P. Schroeder, “Infrared A Radiation Influences the Skin Fibroblast Transcriptome: Mechanisms and Consequences,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 130, No. 6, 2010, pp. 1524-1536.
 S. M. Schieke, P. Schroeder and J. Krutmann, “Cutaneous Effects of Infrared Radiation: From Clinical Observations to Molecular Response Mechanisms,” Photodermatology Photoimunology & Photomedicine, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2003, pp. 228-234. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0781.2003.00054.x
 J. Flor, M. R. Davolos and M. A. Correa, “Protetores So lares,” Química Nova, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2007, pp. 153-158.
 R. Ma, Y. Bando and T. Sato, “CVD Synthesis of Boron Nitride Nanotubes without Metal Catalysts,” Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 337, No. 1-3, 2001, pp. 61-64.
 X. Hao, M. Yub, Z. Cui, X. Xu, Q. Wang and M. Jiang, “The Effect of Temperature on the Synthesis of BN Na noscrystals,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 241 No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 124-128. doi:10.1016/S0022-0248(02)01291-5
 J. Vilcarromero, M. N. P. Carre?o and I. Pereyra, “Mechanical Properties of Boron Nitride Thin film Obtained by RF-PECVD at Low Temperatures,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 373, No. 1-2, 2000, pp. 273-276.
 S. Y. Xie, W. Wang, K. A. Shiral-Fernando, X. Wang, Y. Lin and Y.-P. Sun, “Solubilization of Boron Nitride Na notubes,” Chemical Communications, No. 29, 2005, pp. 3670-3672. doi:10.1039/b505330g
 T. Hagio, K. Nonaka and T. Sato, “Microstructural Development with Crystallization of Hexagonal Boron Nitride,” Journal of Materials Science Letters, Vol. 16, No. 10, 1997, pp. 795-798. doi:10.1023/A:1018518222594
 C. K. Narula, R. Schaeffer, A. K. Datye, T. T. Borek, B. M. Rapko and R. T. Paine, “Synthesis of Boron-Nitride Ceramics From Oligomeric Precursors Derived From 2-(Dimethylamino)-4,6-dichloroborazine,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990, pp. 384-389.