Anderson, K. L. (2006). Negative mood and quality of life in parents with mental retardation children. Quality Life Research, 15, 49-54.
 Antoni, M., Ironson, G., & Schneiderman, N. (2009). Cognitive-behavioral stress management. Jahade daneshgahi, 2, 33-230.
 Awad, A. G., & Voruqanti, L. N. (2008). The burden of schizophrenia of caregivers: A review. Pharmacoeconomics, 26, 149-162.
 Baker, B. L., Blacher, J., Crnic, K., & Eddelbrock, C. (2002). Behavior problems and parenting stress in families of three-year-old children with and without developmental delays. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, 433-444.
 Baron, H. (1994). Advances in the psychological treatment of anxiety disorders: Implications for national health care. Archives of General Psychology, 53, 727-735.
 Beckman, P. J. (1991). Comparison of mothers and fathers perceptions of the effect of young children with and without disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 95, 585-595.
 Berg, R. C. Landreht, G. L., & Fall, K. A. (1998). Group counseling: Concepts and procedures. Philadelphia, PA: George H. Buchanan Company.
 Cushner-Weinstein, S., Dassoulas, J. A., Sarah, E. S., Henderson, P. L., Pearl, W. D. G., & Weinstein, S. L. (2008). Parenting stress and childhood epilepsy: The impact of depression, learning and seizure related factors. Epilepsy & Behavior, 13, 109-114.
 Dabrowska, A, & Pisula, E. (2010). Parenting stress and coping styles in mothers and fathers of preschool children with down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Research, 54, 266-279.
 Esdaile, S. A., & Greenwood, K. (2003). A comparison of mother’s and father’s experience of parenting stress and attributions for parent-child interaction outcome. Occupational Therapy International, 10, 112-115. doi:10.1002/oti.180
 Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. New York: Prentice-Hall.
 Goode, K. T., Haley, W. E., Roth, D. L., & Fotd, G. R. (1998). Predicting longitudinal changes in caregiver physical and mental health: A stress process model. Health Psychology, 17, 190-198.
 Gray, D. (1993). Perceptions of stigma: The parental of autistic children. Sociology of Health and Illness, 15, 102-120.
 Green, S. E. (2003). What do you mean what’s wrong with her: Stigma and lives of families of children with disability. Social Science & Medicine, 57, 1361-1374.
 Gutierrez-Maldonado, J., & Caqueo-Urizar, A. (2007). Effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention for reducing burden in Latin American families of patients with schizophrenia. Quality Life Research, 16, 739-747.
 Gutierrez-Maldonado, J., Caqueo-Urizar, A., & Kavanagh, D. (2005). Burden of care and general health in families of patients with schizophrenia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatry Epidemiology, 40, 899-904.
 Hastings, R. P., & Beck, A. (2004). Practitioner review: Stress intervention for parents of children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1338-1349.
 Hernandez, N. (2005). Stress management program for parents of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Dissertation abstract. FL: Carlos Abizo University.
 Heyward, W. L. (2000). Exceptional children. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Inc.
 Honea, N. J., Brintnall, R. A., Given, B., Sherwood, P., Colao, D. B., Somers, S. C., & Northouse, L. L. (2008). Putting evidence into practice: Nursing assessment and interventions to reduce family caregiver strain and burden. Clinical Journal Oncology Nursing, 12, 507-516.
 Kaplan, R. L. (2010). Care giving mothers of children with impairments: Coping and support in Russia. Disability & Society, 25, 715-721.
 Keogh, E., & Bond, F. W., & Flaxman, P. E. (2005). Improving academic performance and mental health through a stress management intervention: Outcomes and mediators of change. Behavior Research and Therapy, 44, 339-357.
 Khamis, V. (2006). Psychological distress among parents of children with mental retardation in the United Arab Emirates. Al-Ain: United Arab Emirates University.
 Khamis, V. (2007). Psychological distress among parents of children with mental retardation in the United Arab Emirates. Social Science & Medicine, 64, 850-857.
 Khorramabady, R., Poretemad, H. R., Thahmasyan, K., Chimeh, N. (2009). Parenting stress in mothers of children with Autism disorders with normal children. Journal of Family Research, 19, 387-399.
 Kiecolt-Glaser, G. K. (2002). Stressful life events and depressive symptoms: Differences based on history of prior depression. British of Psychiatry, 176, 373-378.
 Lazarus, R., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Free Press.
 Linden, W. (2005). Stress management: from basic science to better practice. New York: Sage Publication.
 McConkey, R., Kennedy, M. T., Chang, Y. M., Jarrah, S., & Shukri, R. (2008). The impact on mothers of bringing up a child with intellectual disabilities: Across-cultural study. International Journal of Nursing Study, 45, 65-74.
 Parette, H. P., & Brotherson, M. J. (1996). Family participation in assistive technology assessment for young children with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Education and Training Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 37, 29-36.
 Pelchat, D., & Lefebvre, H. (2004). A holistic intervention program for families with a child with a disability. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48, 124-131.
 Picot, S. J. (1996). Family caregivers: Windows into their worlds. Reflections, 22, 13-14.
 Pinquart, M., & Sorensen, S. (2006). Gender differences in caregiver experiences: An update meta-analysis. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61, 33-45.
 Riahi, E., Aliverdi, N. A., & Pourhossein, S. Z. Z. (2010). Relationship between social support and mental health, social welfare. Journal of Research and Science, 39, 85-121.
 Riebscheger, J., Scheid, C., Luz, C., Mickus, M., Liszewski, C., & Eaton, M. (2008). How are the experiences and needs of families of individuals with mental illness reflected in medical education guidelines? Academic Psychiatry, 32, 119-126.
 Rohini, D. R. N. S. (2012). Management of anxiety in the parents of children with special needs through positive therapy. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2, 75-91.
 Sakakura, K., Ishikawa, J., Okuno, M., Shimada, K., & Kario, K. (2007). Exaggerated ambulatory blood pressure variability is associated with cognitive dysfunction in the very elderly and quality of life in the younger elderly. American Journal of Hypertension, 20, 720-727.
 Saloviita, T., Itallina, M., & Leinonen, E. (2003). Explaining the parental stress of fathers and mothers caring for a child with intellectual disability: A double ABC X model. Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 300-312.
 Sheehy, R., & Horan, J. J. (2004). The effects of stress inoculation training for first year law student. International Journal of Stress Management, 11, 41-55.
 Shieve, L. A., Blumberg, S. J., Rice, C., Visser, S. N., & Boyle, C. (2007). The relationship between autism and parenting stress. Pediatric, 119, 114-121.
 Van Leeuwen, M. C., Post, W. M., Van Asbeck, W. F., Vander Woude, H. V., Groot, S., & Lindeman, E. (2010). Social support and life satisfaction in spinal cord injury during and up to one year after inpatient rehabilitation. Journal of Psychology, 42, 265-271.
 Williams J., Steel, C., & Gregory, B. (2003). Parental anxiety and quality of life in children with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 4, 483-486.
 Zaidman-Zait, A. (2007). Parent of disabled children burn-out too: Coun-seling parents of disabled of children on stress management. Interventional Journal for Advancement of Counseling, 33, 107-118.