ABSTRACT Thrombin, an important factor of clotting system, take part in a variety of physiological actions, such as blood clotting, anticoagulation, thrombosis and fibrinolysis. Inhibiting thrombin is a pivotal and effective step for the prophylaxis of venous and arterial thrombosis, as well as prevent myocardial infarction for high-risk patients. In this study, a three dimensional pharmacophore model was generated for the molecules which are responsible for vasodilation activities targeting thrombin. Ten compounds with known thrombin-inhibiting activity values were selected as training set to generate the hypothesis using GALAHAD program in SYBYL 7.0 software. The best hypothesis comprises five pharmacophore features: four hydrophobes groups and one positively charged group. It has been further validated towards a test set including known activity compounds obtained from Binding Database, the values of effectively active hit A% and comprehensive evaluation index CAI are respectively 63.33% and 2.34, the pharmacophore was proven to be successful in discriminating active and inactive inhibitors. Furthermore, the pharmacophore model was used as a 3D query to screen TCMD (Version 2009) database and 6 hit compounds of higher predicted activity were the reported cardiovascular activities, which may be useful for further study.
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X. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xiang, Z. Ren and Y. Qiao, "Pharmacophore Model Generation of Thrombin Inhibitors," Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, Vol. 5 No. 12, 2012, pp. 84-87. doi: 10.4236/jsea.2012.512B017.
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