AMPC  Vol.2 No.4 , December 2012
Developing a Mathematical Model for Hydrate Formation in a Spray Batch Reactor
Abstract: The formation of methane hydrate was undertaken in this research. The purpose of this work was to model the methane hydrate formation with a hydrate-water–methane system in a semi-batch reactor under steady–state, isothermal and isobaric conditions. Obtained results were validated with experiments conducted in a semi-batch spray reactor at low temperatures and high pressures. The investigated formation of gas hydrate from pure methane required physical constants of these materials which were determined through experimental data. The experiments hence, the theoretical calculations were conducted with pure methane and carried out in a spray reactor at 273.95K and 8705kPa to determine the actual amount of hydrate formation in such reactor. Ultimately; the comparison of the results generated from the developed mathematical model with those of experimental data of others indicated a very satisfactory agreement obtained.
Cite this paper: M. Kazemeini, F. Freidoonian and M. Fattahi, "Developing a Mathematical Model for Hydrate Formation in a Spray Batch Reactor," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 244-247. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B062.

[1]   D. Kashchive, and A. Firoozabadi, “Driving force for crystallization of gas hydrates,” Journal of Crystal Grwoth, vol. 241, pp. 220-230, 2002.

[2]   J.S. Gudmundsson, V. Andersson and O.I. Levik, “Gas storage and transportation using hydrates,” Offshore Mediterranean Conference, Ravenna, March 19-21, 1997.

[3]   J.S. Gudmundsson, and A. Borrehaug, “Frozen hydrate for transport of natural gas,” 2nd International Conference on Natural Gas Hydrate, June 2-6, Toulouse, France, 1996.

[4]   E.D. Solan, and C.A. Koh, “Clathrate hydrate of natural gases,” 2nd Edition, New York; Taylor & Francis, 2007.

[5]   M. A. Clarke, and P.R. Bishno, “Measuring and modelling the rate of decomposition of gas hydrates formed from mixtures of methane and ethane,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 56, pp. 4715-4724, 2001.

[6]   P. Englezos, N. Kalogerakis, P.D. Dholabhai, and P.R. Bishnoi, “Kinetics of formation of methane and ethane gas hydrates,” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 42, pp. 2647-2658, 1987.

[7]   N. Gnanendran, and R. Amin, “Modelling hydrate formation kinetics of a hydrate promoter–water–natural gas system in a semi-batch” Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 59, pp. 3849-3863, 2004.