FNS  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2013
Mass Modeling of Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) Fruit with Some Physical Characteristics
Abstract: Horticultural crops with the similar weight and uniform shape are in high demand in terms of marketing value that used as food. The knowledge on existing relationship among the mass, length, width, thickness, volume and projected areas of fruits is useful for proper design of grading machines. A part of this research was aimed to present some physical properties of cherry fruit. In addition, in this study the mass of cherry fruit was predicted with using different physical characteristics in four models including: Linear, Quadratic, S-curve, and Power. According to the results, all properties considered in the current study were found to be statistically significant at the 1% probability level. The best and the worst models for mass prediction of cherry fruit were based on geometric mean diameter and thickness of the cherry with determination coefficients (R2) of 0.938 and 0.484, respectively. At last, mass model of cherry fruit based on first projected area from economical standpoint is recommended.
Cite this paper: F. Shahbazi and S. Rahmati, "Mass Modeling of Sweet Cherry (Prunus avium L.) Fruit with Some Physical Characteristics," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.41001.

[1]   FAOSTAT, “FAO Statistics Data Base on the World Wide Web,” 2011.

[2]   Ministry of Agriculture, “Statistical Yearbook,” Ministry of Agriculture, Tehran, 2006, pp. 14-20.

[3]   M. A. Safwat, “Theoretical Prediction of Volume, Surface Area, and Center of Gravity for Agricultural Products,” Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 14, 1971, pp. 549-553.

[4]   K. Peleg and Y. Ramraz, “Optimal Sizing of Citrus Fruit,” Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 18, 1975, pp. 1035-1039.

[5]   K. Peleg, “Produce Handling, Packaging and Distribution,” The AVI Publishing Company, Inc., Westport, 1985, pp. 20-90.

[6]   F. Khoshnam, A. Tabatabaeefar, M. G. Varnamkhasti and A. Borghei, “Mass Modeling of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Fruit with Some Physical Characteristics,” Scientia Horticulturae, Vol. 114, No. 1, 2007, pp. 21-26. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2007.05.008

[7]   R. Stroshine and D. Hamann, “Physical Properties of Agricultural Materials and Food Products,” Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, West Lafayette, 1995, pp. 30-89.

[8]   J. P. Marvin, G. M. Hyde and R. P. Cavalieri, “Modeling Potato Tuber Mass with Tuber Dimensions,” Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1987, pp. 1154-1159.

[9]   A. Tabatabaeefar, A. Vefagh-Nematolahee and A. Rajabipour, “Modeling of Orange Mass Based on Dimensions,” Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, Vol, 2, No. 4, 2000, pp. 299-305.

[10]   S. Al-Maiman and D. Ahmad, “Changes in Physical and Chemical Properties during Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Fruit Maturation,” Food Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 4, 2002, pp. 437-441. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00301-6

[11]   A. Tabatabaeefar and A. Rajabipour, “Modeling the Mass of Apples by Geometrical Attributes,” Scientia Horticulturae, Vol. 105, No. 3, 2005, pp. 373-382. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2005.01.030

[12]   A. N. Lorestani and A. Tabatabaeefar, “Modeling the Mass of Kiwi Fruit by Geometrical Attributes,” International Agrophysics, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2006, pp. 135-139.

[13]   M. Khanali, M. G. Varnamkhasti, A. Tabatabaeefa and H. Mobli, “Mass and Volume Modelling of Tangerine (Citrus reticulate) Fruit with Some Physical Attributes,” International Agrophysics, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2007, pp. 329-334.

[14]   A. Kaya and N. Sozer, “Rheological Behaviour of Sour Pomegranate Juice Concentrates (Punica granatum L.),” International Journal of Food Science and Technology, Vol. 40, 2005, pp. 223-227. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.00897.x

[15]   A. Fadavi, M. Barzegar., M. H. Azizi and M. Bayat, “Physicochemical Composition of Ten Pomegranate Cultivars (Punica granatum L.) Grown in Iran,” Food Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2005, pp. 113-119. doi:10.1177/1082013205052765

[16]   A. R. P. Kingsly, D. B. Singh, M. R. Manikantan and R. K. Jain, “Moisture Dependent Physical Properties of Dried Pomegranate Seeds (Anardana),” Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 75, No. 4, 2006, pp. 492-496. doi:10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.04.033

[17]   A. N. Lorestani and M. Ghari, “Mass Modeling of Fava Bean (Vicia faba L.) with Some Physical Characteristics,” Scientia Horticulturae, Vol. 133, No. 6, 2012, pp. 6-9. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2011.10.007

[18]   N. N. Mohsenin, “Physical Properties of Plant and Animal Materials,” Gordon and Breach Sci. Publications, New York, 1986, pp. 20-89.

[19]   R. Stroshine, “Physical Properties of Agricultural Materials and Food Products,” Course Manual, Purdue University, West Lafayette, 1998, pp. 30-89.

[20]   R. Ghabel, A. Rajabipour, M. Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti and M. Oveisi, “Modeling the Mass of Iranian Export Onion (Allium cepa L.) Varieties Using Some Physical Characteristics,” Research in Agricultural Engineering, Vol. 56, No. 21, 2010, pp. 33-40.