Back
 AJAC  Vol.3 No.12 A , December 2012
“Special Issue—Supercritical Fluids” Literatures on Dyeing Technique of Supercritical Fluid Carbon Dioxide
Abstract: The supercritical fluid is used extensively, especially in substance extraction. The extraction of many substances has reached the economic-scale industrial bulk production stage. However, the research on the wastewater-free dyeing technique replacing water as dissolvent is still at a development stage. This study introduced the development situation of supercritical fluid dyeing technique, and described the evolution of stock dyeing, measurement of solubility of dye, studies of dyeing kinetics and instrument application studies, in order to provide related data for relevant studies in further development of this technique.
Cite this paper: S. Liao and P. Chang, "“Special Issue—Supercritical Fluids” Literatures on Dyeing Technique of Supercritical Fluid Carbon Dioxide," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 12, 2012, pp. 923-930. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2012.312A122.
References

[1]   M. A. McHugh and V. J. Krukonis, “Supercritical Fluid Extraction: Principles and Practice,” 2nd Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann Press, Boston, 1994.

[2]   Philip Morris Inc., United States Patent No. 2143388, 1971.

[3]   J. C. de la Fuente, B. T. Fornari, E. A. Brignole and S. B. Bottini, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Supercritical Fluids, Strasbourg, 1994, p. 289.

[4]   T. Klein and S. Schulz, “Measurement and Model Prediction of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Mixtures of Rapseed Oil and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Industrial Engineering & Chemistry Research, Vol. 28, No. 7, 1989, pp. 1073-1081. doi:10.1021/ie00091a029

[5]   E. Cadoni, M. R. DeGiorgi and G. Poma, “Supercritical Extraction of Lycopene and β-Carotene from Ripe Tomatoes,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1999, pp. 27-32. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(99)00065-0?

[6]   K. M. Scholsky, “Process Polymers with Supercritical Fluids,” Chemistry Technology, Vol. 17, No. 12, 1987, pp. 750-757.

[7]   N. J. Cotton, K. D. Bartle and C. J. Dowle, “Rate and Extent of Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Additives from Polpropylene: Diffusion, Solubility and Matrix Effects,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 48, No. 9, 1993, pp. 1607-1619. doi:10.1002/app.1993.070480913

[8]   G. Montero, D. Hinks and J. Hooker, “Reducing Problems of Cyclic Trimer Deposits in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Polyester Dyeing Machinery,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2003, pp. 47-54. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(02)00187-0

[9]   M. Roth, “Thermodynamics of Modifier Effects in Supercritical Fluid Chromatography,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 100, No. 6, 1996, pp. 2372-2375. doi:10.1021/jp952450x

[10]   D. A. Canelas, D. E. Betts and J. M. DeSimone, “Dispersion Polymerization of Styrene in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: Importance of Effective Surfactants,” Macromolecules, Vol. 29, No. 8, 1996, pp. 2818-2821. doi:10.1021/ma951642n

[11]   J. M. DeSimone, E. Maury, J. B. McClain and J. R. Combes, “Dispersion Polymerization in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Science, Vol. 265, No. 5170, 1994, pp. 356-359. doi:10.1126/science.265.5170.356

[12]   L. E. Bowman, C. G. Caley and J. L. Fulton, “Sizing and Desizing Polyester/Cotton Blend Yarns Using Liquid Carbon Dioxide” Textile Research Journal, Vol. 66, No. 12, 1996, pp. 795-802. doi:10.1177/004051759606601208

[13]   E. S. Demessie and J. J. Morrell, “Impregnating Porous Solids Using Supercritical CO2,” Chemtech, Vol. 28, No. 3, 1998, pp. 12-18.

[14]   R. Marr and T. Gamse, ”Use of Supercritical Fluids for Different Processes Including New Developments: A Review,” Chemical Engineering and Processing, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2000, pp. 19-28. doi:10.1016/S0255-2701(99)00070-7

[15]   W. H. Hauthal, “Advances with Supercritical Fluids (Review),” Chemosphere, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2001, pp. 123-135. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00332-5

[16]   W. Saus, “Dyeing of Technical Fibers in Supercritical CO2,” Textile-Symposium, Frankfurt, 1992.

[17]   D. Knittel, W. Saus and E. Schollmeyer, “Application of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in Finishing Process,” Journal of Textile Institute, Vol. 84, No. 4, 1993, pp. 534-552. doi:10.1080/00405009308658986

[18]   W. Saus, D. Knittel and E.Schollmeyer, “Water-Free Dyeing of Synthetic Material-Dyeing in Supercritical CO2,” International Textile Bullteins Trends, Vol. 39, 1994, pp. 99-101.

[19]   B. Gebert, W. Saus, D. Knittel and H. J. Buschmann, “Dyeing Natural Fibers with Disperse Dyes in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Textile Research Journal, Vol. 67, No. 7, 1994, pp. 371-374. doi:10.1177/004051759406400701

[20]   P. Schelbli and W. Scklenker, “Dyeing in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide—An Environmental Quantum Leap in Textile Processing,” Chemiefasern/Textilindustrie English, Vol. 43, 1994, pp. 64-65.

[21]   W. Chou and E. J. Kramer, “Effects of High Pressure CO2 on the Glass Transition Temperature and Mechanical Properties of Polystyrene,” Journal of Polymer Science, Vol. 20, No. 8, 1982, pp. 1371-1384.

[22]   J. S. Chiou, J. W. Barlow and D. R. Paul, “Plasticization of Glassy Polymers by CO2,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 30, No. 6, 1985, pp. 2633-2642. doi:10.1002/app.1985.070300626

[23]   R. G. Wessinger and M. E. Paulaitis, “Swelling and Sorption in Polymer—CO2 Mixture at Elevated Pressures,” Journal of Polymer Physics Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 25, No. 12, 1987, pp. 2497-2510. doi:10.1002/polb.1987.090251206

[24]   Y. T. Shieh, J. H. Su and W. D. Spall, “Interaction of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Polymers, I: Crystalline Polymers,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 59, No. 4, 1996, pp. 695-705. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19960124)59:4<695::AID-APP15>3.0.CO;2-P

[25]   S. H. Chang and J. J. Shim, “Phase Equilibria of Supercritical Fluids-Polymer Systems,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 13, No. 1-3, 1998, pp. 113-119. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(98)00042-4

[26]   G. Mensitieri, G. Guerra and A. Apicella, “Low Temperature Melting Behavior of CO2 Crystallized Modified PETs,” Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 35, No. 3, 1995, pp. 506-512. doi:10.1002/pen.760350608

[27]   B. J. Briscoe and C. T. Kelly, “The Plasticization of a Polyurethane by Carbon Dioxide at High Pneumatic Stresses,” Polymer, Vol. 36, No. 16, 1995, pp. 3099-3102. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(95)97871-C

[28]   K. Mizoguchi, T. Hirose and Y. Kamiya, “CO2-Induced Crystallization of Poly(ethylene terephthalate),” Polymer, Vol. 28, No. 8, 1987, pp. 1298-1302. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(87)90441-1

[29]   M. J. Drews and C. Jordan, “The Effect of Supercritical CO2 Dyeing Conditions on the Morphology of Polyester Fibers,” Textile Chemist and Colorist, Vol. 92, No. 3, 1998, pp. 2008-2012.

[30]   M. S. Sfiligoj and P. Zipper, “WAXS Analysis of Structural Changes of PET Fibers Induced by Supercritical Fluid Dyeing,” Colloid Polymer Science, Vol. 276, No. 2, 1998, pp. 144-151. doi:10.1007/s003960050222

[31]   S. G. Kazarian, M. F. Vincent and C. A. Eckert, “Specific Intermolecular Interaction of Carbon Dioxide with Polymers”, Journal of American Chemical Society, Vol. 118, No. 7, 1996, pp. 1729-1736. doi:10.1021/ja950416q

[32]   S. G. Kazarian, N. H. Brantely and C. A. Eckert, “In situ Spectroscopy of Polymers Subjected to Supercritical CO2: Plasticization and Dye Impregnation,” Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 51, No. 4, 1997, pp. 491-494.

[33]   W. Saus and E. Schollmeyer, “Dyeing of Textiles on Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Textile Research Journal, Vol. 63, No. 3, 1993, pp. 135-142. doi:10.1177/004051759306300302

[34]   D. Knittel and E. Schollmeyer, “Dyeing from Supercritical CO2—Fastness of Dyeing,” Melliand English, Vol. 23, 1994, pp. 99-100.

[35]   T. T. Ngo, C. L. Liotta, C. A. Eckert and S. G. Kazarian, “Supercritical Fluid Impregnation of Different Azo-Dyes into Polymer: In situ UV/Vis Spectroscopic Study,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2003, pp. 215- 221

[36]   S. K. Liao, Y. C. Ho and P. S. Chang, “Dyeing of Nylon 66 with a Disperse-reactive Dye Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, Vol. 116, No. 12, 2000, pp. 403-407.

[37]   M. R. de Giorgi, E. Cadoni, D. Maricca and A. Piras, “Dyeing Polyester Fibers with Disperse Dyes in Supercritical CO2,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2000, pp. 75-79. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(00)00011-5

[38]   E. Bach, E. Cleve and E. Schollmeyer, “Experience with the UHDE CO2-Dyeing Plant on Techanical Scale, Part I: Optimization Steps of the Pilot Plant and First Dyeing Results,” Melliand International, Vol. 3, 1998, pp. 192-194.

[39]   E. Bach, E. Cleve, E. Schollmeyer and T. Vardag, “Experiences with the UHDE CO2—Dyeing Plant on techanical Scale, part II: Concepts for the Development of the Pilot Plant in Respect of a Scaling up of the Machine,” Melliand International, Vol. 2, 1999, pp. 165-168.

[40]   A. S. Ozcan, A. A. Clifford and D. M. Lewis, “Dyeing of Modified Cotton Fibers with Disperse Dyes from Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, Vol. 114, No. 5-6, 1998, pp. 169-173. doi:10.1111/j.1478-4408.1998.tb01977.x

[41]   P. L. Belneate, A. Castelli and A. Seves, “Dyeing of Cotton in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1998, pp. 335-340. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(98)00016-3

[42]   S. K. Liao, “Dyeing of Microdenier Polyester Fabric in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Indian Journal of Fiber & Textile Research, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2005, pp. 324-330.

[43]   M. van der Kraan, M. V. Fernandez-Cid, G. F. Woerlee, W. J. T. Veugelers and G. J. Witkamp, “Dyeing of Natural and Synthetic Textiles in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Disperse Reactive Dyes,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007, pp. 470-476.

[44]   A. Schmidt, E. Bach and E. Schollmeyer, “The Dyeing of Natural Fibres with Reactive Disperse Dyes in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 56, 2003, pp. 27-35. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00108-0

[45]   B. Guzel and A. Akgerman, “Mordant Dyeing of Wool by Supercritical Processing,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2000, pp. 247-252. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(00)00065-6

[46]   K. Sawada and M. Ueda, “Evaluation of Dyeing Mecha- nism of an Acid Dye on Protein Fibers in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2004, pp. 77-81. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.01.008

[47]   M. V. Fernandez, J. van Spronsen, G. F. Woerlee and G. J. Witkamp, “A Significant Approach to Dye Cotton in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Fluorotriazine Reactive Dyes,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007, pp. 477-484.

[48]   M. van der Kraan, M. V. Fernandez and G. F. Woerlee, “Dyeing of Natural and Synthetic Textiles in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Disperse Reactive Dyes,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007, pp. 470-476. doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2006.07.019

[49]   M. V. Fernandez, M. van der Kraan and W. J. Veugelers, “Kinetics Study of a Dichlorotriazine Reactive Dye in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 32, No. 1-3, 2004, pp. 147-152. doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2004.03.002

[50]   B. Guzel and A. Akgerman, “Mordant Dyeing of Wool by Supercritical Processing,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2000, pp. 247-252. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(00)00065-6

[51]   J. H. Jun, K. Sawada and M. Ueda, “Application of Perfluoropolyether Reverse Micelles in Supercritical CO2 to Dyeing Process,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2004, pp. 17-22. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2003.08.003

[52]   K. Sawada and M. Ueda, “Evaluation of the Dyeing Mechanism of an Acid Dye on Protein Fibers in Supercritical CO2,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2004, pp. 77-81. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.01.008

[53]   E. Bach and E. Schollmeyer, “The Dyeing of Polypropylene Fibers in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Part I: Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polyolefin Fibers after Treatment in CO2 under Dyeing Conditions,” Journal of Textile Institute, Vol. 89, 1998, pp. 647-656.

[54]   E. Bach and E. Schollmeyer, “The Dyeing of Polypropylene Fibers in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Part II: The Influence of Dye Structure on the Dyeing of Fabrics and on Fastness Properties,” Journal of Textile Institute, Vol. 89, 1998, pp. 657-668.

[55]   S. K. Liao and P. S. Chang, “Dyeing of Polypropylene Fibers with Disperse Dyes by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide”, Journal of Textile Machinery Society of Japan, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2000, pp. 123-129.

[56]   J. H. Noggle, “Physical Chemistry,” 2nd Edition, Scott and Foresman Company Press, Glenview, 1989.

[57]   R. Koningsveld and G. A. M. Diepen, “Supercritical Phase Equilibria Involving Solids,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 10, No. 2-3, 1983, pp. 159-172. doi:10.1016/0378-3812(83)80031-4

[58]   B. Guzel and A. Akgerman, “Solubility of Disperse and Mordant Dyes in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Chemical Engineering Data, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1999, pp. 83-85. doi:10.1021/je980157v

[59]   J. W. Lee, M. W. Park and H. K. Bae, “Measurement and Correlation of Dye Solubility in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 173, No. 2, 2000, pp. 277-284. doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(00)00404-0

[60]   J. W. Lee, M. W. Park and H. K. Bae, “Measurement and Correlation of Dye Solubility in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 179, No. 1-2, 2001, pp. 387-394. doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(01)00409-5

[61]   J. Chrastil, “Solubility of Solids and Liquids in Supercritical Gases,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 86, No. 15, 1982, pp. 3016-3021. doi:10.1021/j100212a041

[62]   K. D. Bartle, A. A. Clifford, S. A. Jafar and G. F. Shilstone, “Solubilities of Solids and Liquids of Low Volatility in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Physical Chemistry Reference Data, Vol. 20, No. 4, 1991, pp. 713-756. doi:10.1063/1.555893

[63]   J. Mendez-Santiago and A. S. Teja, “The Solubility of Solids in Supercritical Fluids,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 158-160, 1999, pp. 501-510. doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(99)00154-5

[64]   Z. Huang, Y. H. Guo, G. B. Sun and S. Kawi, “Representing Dyestuff Solubility in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide with Several Density Based Cprrelations,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 236, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 136-145. doi:10.1016/j.fluid.2005.07.012

[65]   K. Sawada, T. Takagi and M. Ueda, “Solubilization of Ionic Dyes in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: A Basic Study for Dyeing in Non-Aqueous Media,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2004, pp. 129-135. doi:10.1016/S0143-7208(03)00146-3

[66]   M. W. Park and H. K. Bae, “Dye Distribution in Supercritical Dyeing with Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2002, pp. 65-73. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(01)00102-4

[67]   S. I. Sandler, “Models for Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria Calculations,” Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996.

[68]   A. Ferri, M. Banchero, L. Manna and S. Sicardi, “An Experimental Technique for Measuring High Solubilities of Dyes in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2004, pp. 41-49. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(03)00114-1

[69]   A. Ferri, M. Banchero, L. Manna and S. Sicardi, “A New Correlation of Solubilities of Azoic Compounds and Anthraquinone Derivatives in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 32, No. 1-3, 2004, pp. 27-35. doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2003.12.013

[70]   T. Funazukuri, C. Y. Kong and S. Kagei, “Infinite Dilution Binary Diffusion Coefficient, Partition Ratio, and Partial Molar Volume for Ubiquinone CoQ10 in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Industrial Engineering Chemical Research, Vol. 41, No. 11, 2002, pp. 2812-2818. doi:10.1021/ie0109096

[71]   A. Ferri, M. Banchero, L. Manna and S. Sicardi, “Dye Uptake and Partition Ratio of Disperse Dyes between a PET Yarn and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2006, pp. 107-114. doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2005.07.001

[72]   O. S. Fleming, S. G. Kazarian, E. Bach and E. Schollmeyer, “Confocal Raman Study of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Fibres Dyed in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: Dye Diffusion and Polymer Morphology,” Polymer, Vol. 46, No. 9, 2005, pp. 2943-2949. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2005.02.067

[73]   S. Scardi, L. Manna and M. banchero, Industrial Engineering Chemical Research, Vol. 39, 2000, p. 4707.

 
 
Top