OJN  Vol.2 No.4 , December 2012
Cryotherapy and ankle motion in chronic venous disorders
Abstract: This study compared ankle range of motion (AROM) including dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, inversion and eversion, and venous refill time (VRT) in leg skin inflamed by venous disorders, before and after a new cryotherapy ulcer prevention treatment. Fifty-seven individuals participated in the randomized clinical trial; 28 in the experimental group and 29 received usual care only. Results revealed no statistically significant differences between the experimental and usual care groups although AROM measures in the experimental group showed a consistent, non-clinically relevant decrease compared to the usual care group except for dorsiflexion. Within treatment group comparisons of VRT results showed a statistically significant increase in both dorsiflexion and plantar flexion for patients with severe VRT in the experimental group (6.9 ± 6.8; p = 0.002 and 5.8 ± 12.6; p = 0.02, respectively). Cryotherapy did not further restrict already compromised AROM, and in some cases, there were minor improvements.
Cite this paper: Kelechi, T. , Mueller, M. , Zapka, J. and King, D. (2012) Cryotherapy and ankle motion in chronic venous disorders. Open Journal of Nursing, 2, 379-387. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2012.24056.

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