Highly Nonlinear Bending-Insensitive Birefringent Photonic Crystal Fibres

Abstract

Highly nonlinear birefringent Photonic Crystal Fibre (PCF) that exhibits low losses and small effective mode area across a wide wavelength range has been presented. The effects of angular orientation on bending losses of the proposed PCFs have been thoroughly investigated by employing a full vectorial finite element method (FEM). It has been demonstrated that it is possible to design a bending-insensitive nonlinear PCF with a birefringence in the order of 10-2 and a nonlinear coefficient of 49 W-1km-1 at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. Also, significant improvements on key propagation characteristics of the proposed PCFs have been demonstrated by carefully altering the desired air hole diameters and the hole-to-hole spacing. It is demonstrated that two zero dispersion wavelengths can be achieved by the proposed design.

Highly nonlinear birefringent Photonic Crystal Fibre (PCF) that exhibits low losses and small effective mode area across a wide wavelength range has been presented. The effects of angular orientation on bending losses of the proposed PCFs have been thoroughly investigated by employing a full vectorial finite element method (FEM). It has been demonstrated that it is possible to design a bending-insensitive nonlinear PCF with a birefringence in the order of 10-2 and a nonlinear coefficient of 49 W-1km-1 at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. Also, significant improvements on key propagation characteristics of the proposed PCFs have been demonstrated by carefully altering the desired air hole diameters and the hole-to-hole spacing. It is demonstrated that two zero dispersion wavelengths can be achieved by the proposed design.

Cite this paper

nullH. Ademgil, S. Haxha and F. AbdelMalek, "Highly Nonlinear Bending-Insensitive Birefringent Photonic Crystal Fibres,"*Engineering*, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 608-616. doi: 10.4236/eng.2010.28078.

nullH. Ademgil, S. Haxha and F. AbdelMalek, "Highly Nonlinear Bending-Insensitive Birefringent Photonic Crystal Fibres,"

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