State of the Art of Switched Reluctance Generator

Affiliation(s)

School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

ABSTRACT

This paper provides a comprehensive review of the recent development on the switched reluctance machine operating in generating mode in both the low and high speed operations. The machine consists of a salient rotor and stator poles and controlled via switching of the power electronic devices. There is a steady development of the machine operating in the motoring mode; however, its generating operation is still under study. This paper gives an overview of the machine, followed by the principle of operation in generating mode and briefly discusses the structure and types of control methods which involve the switched reluctance generator (SRG). Due to its geometry simplicity and advantages such as robust, ability to operate over a wide speed range and absence of permanent magnet and windings on the rotor, the SRG promises to be a good candidate for variable speed application.

This paper provides a comprehensive review of the recent development on the switched reluctance machine operating in generating mode in both the low and high speed operations. The machine consists of a salient rotor and stator poles and controlled via switching of the power electronic devices. There is a steady development of the machine operating in the motoring mode; however, its generating operation is still under study. This paper gives an overview of the machine, followed by the principle of operation in generating mode and briefly discusses the structure and types of control methods which involve the switched reluctance generator (SRG). Due to its geometry simplicity and advantages such as robust, ability to operate over a wide speed range and absence of permanent magnet and windings on the rotor, the SRG promises to be a good candidate for variable speed application.

Cite this paper

A. Arifin, I. Al-Bahadly and S. Mukhopadhyay, "State of the Art of Switched Reluctance Generator,"*Energy and Power Engineering*, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2012, pp. 447-458. doi: 10.4236/epe.2012.46059.

A. Arifin, I. Al-Bahadly and S. Mukhopadhyay, "State of the Art of Switched Reluctance Generator,"

References

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[2] R. Krishnan, “Switched Reluctance Motor Drives: Modeling, Simulation, Analysis, Design, and Applications,” CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, 2001. doi:10.1201/9781420041644

[3] C. Pollock and A. Michaelides, “Switched Reluctance Drives: A Comparative Evaluation,” Power Engineering Journal, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1995, pp. 257-266. doi:10.1049/pe:19950606

[4] H. Chen, “Implementation of a Three-Phase Switched Reluctance Generator System for Wind Power Applications,” 14th Symposium on Electromagnetic Launch Technology, Victoria, 10-13 June 2008, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1109/ELT.2008.104

[5] J. Briso-Montiano, R. Karrelmeyer and E. Dilger, “Simulation of Faults by Means of Finite Element Analysis in a Switched Reluctance Motor,” COMSOL Multiphysics User’s Conference, Frankfurt, 2-4 November 2005, pp. 225-231.

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[7] T. J. E. Miller, “Faults and Unbalance Forces in the Switched Reluctance Machine,” Conference Record of the 1993 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Toronto, 2-8 October 1993, pp. 87-96.

[8] M. Krishnamurthy, C. S. Edrington, A. Emadi, P. Asadi, M. Ehsani and B. Fahimi, “Making the Case for Applications of Switched Reluctance Motor Technology in Automotive Products,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2006, pp. 659-675. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2006.872371

[9] C. A. Ferreira, S. R. Jones, W. S. Heglund and W. D. Jones, “Detailed Design of a 30-kW Switched Reluctance Starter/Generator System for a Gas Turbine Engine Application,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1995, pp. 553-561. doi:10.1109/28.382116

[10] K. Vijayakumar, R. Karthikeyan, S. Paramasivam, R. Arumugam and K. N. Srinivas, “Switched Reluctance Motor Modeling, Design, Simulation, and Analysis: A Comprehensive Review,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2008, pp. 4605-4617. doi:10.1109/TMAG.2008.2003334

[11] D. Wen and L. Deliang, “Modeling of a 6/4 Switched Reluctance Motor Using Adaptive Neural Fuzzy Inference System,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 44, No. 7, 2008, pp. 1796-1804. doi:10.1109/TMAG.2008.919711

[12] I. Husain and S. A. Hossain, “Modeling, Simulation, and Control of Switched Reluctance Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2005, pp. 1625-1634. doi:10.1109/TIE.2005.858710

[13] K. R. Geldhof, T. J. Vyncke, F. M. L. L. De Belie, L. Vandevelde, J. A. A. Melkebeek and R. K. Boel, “Embedded Runge-Kutta Methods for the Integration of a Current Control Loop in an SRM Dynamic Finite Element Model,” Science, Measurement & Technology, IET, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2007, pp. 17-20. doi:10.1049/iet-smt:20060026

[14] E. Echenique, J. Dixon, R. Cardenas and R. Pena, “Sensorless Control for a Switched Reluctance Wind Generator, Based on Current Slopes and Neural Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2009, pp. 817-825. doi:10.1109/TIE.2008.2005940

[15] A. Kawamura, “Survey of Position Sensorless Switched Reluctance Motor Control,” 20th International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation (IECON), Bologna, 5-9 September 1994, pp. 1595- 1598.

[16] V. R. Bernardeli, D. A. Andrade, A. W. F. V. Silveira, L. C. Gomes, G. P. Viajante and L. G. Cabral, “Self-Excited Switched Reluctance Generator,” Brazilian Power Electronics Conference (COBEP), Praiamar, 11-15 September 2011, pp. 55-60.

[17] M. Nassereddine, J. Rizk and M. Nagrial, “Switched Reluctance Generator for Wind Power Applications,” Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Atlanta, 18-22 June 1995, pp. 559-564.

[18] A. Radun, “Generating with the Switched Reluctance Motor,” Ninth Annual Conference Proceedings of Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC) Orlando, 13-17 February 1994, pp. 41-47.

[19] J. Coles and C. Williams, “Switched Reluctance Generator and a Method of Controlling Such a Generator,” 2002. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/EP1236269.html

[20] M. Liptak, V. Hrabovcova and P. Rafajdus, “Equivalent Circuit of Switched Reluctance Generator Based on DC Series Generator,” Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2008, pp. 23-28.

[21] P. S. J. R. French, “Switched Reluctance Motor Drives for Rail Traction: Relative Assessment,” IEE Proceedings B on Electric Power Applications, Vol. 131, No. 5, 1984, pp. 209-219.

[22] C. C. Chan, “The State of the Art of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 90, No. 2, 2002, pp. 247-275. doi:10.1109/5.989873

[23] M. Ehsani, K. M. Rahman and H. A. Toliyat, “Propulsion System Design of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1997, pp. 19-27. doi:10.1109/41.557495

[24] W. Shuanghong, Z. Qionghua, M. Zhiyuan and Z. Libing, “Implementation of a 50-kW Four-Phase Switched Reluctance Motor Drive System for Hybrid Electric Vehicle,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2005, pp. 501-504. doi:10.1109/TMAG.2004.838985

[25] M. Takeno, A. Chiba, N. Hoshi, S. Ogasawara, M. Takemoto and M. A. Rahman, “Test Results and Torque Improvement of the 50-kW Switched Reluctance Motor Designed for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 48, No. 4, 2012, pp. 1327-1334. doi:10.1109/TIA.2012.2199952

[26] A. V. Radun, “High Power Density Switched Reluctance Motor Drive for Aerospace Applications,” Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, 1-5 October 1989, pp. 568- 573.

[27] E. Richter and C. Ferreira, “Performance Evaluation of a 250 kW Switched Reluctance Starter Generator,” IEEE Industry Applications Conference Record, Orlando, 10 August-10 December 1995, pp. 434-440.

[28] S. R. MacMinn and W. D. Jones, “A Very High Speed Switched-Reluctance Starter-Generator for Aircraft Engine Applications,” Proceedings of the IEEE 1989 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton 22-26 May 1989, pp. 1758-1764. doi:10.1109/NAECON.1989.40453

[29] S. R. MacMinn and J. W. Sember, “Control of a Switched-Reluctance Aircraft Engine Starter-Generator over a Very Wide Speed Range,” Proceedings of the 24th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Washington DC, 6-11 August 1989, pp. 631-638. doi:10.1109/IECEC.1989.74532

[30] N. Schofield and S. Long, “Generator Operation of a Switched Reluctance Starter/Generator at Extended Speeds,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2009, pp. 48-56. doi:10.1109/TVT.2008.924981

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