Cite this paper
nullA. Paryag, A. Paryag, R. Rafeek and A. Pilgrim, "Mercury Pollution from Dental Amalgam Waste in Trinidad and Tobago," Journal of Water Resource and Protection
, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 762-769. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.28089
 J. M. Powers and R. L. Sakaguchi, “Craig’s Restorative Dental Materials,” 12th Edition, Mosby, St.Louis, 2006.
T. Okabe and R. J. Mitchell, “Setting Reactions in Dental Amalgam, Part 2—The Kinetics of Amalgamation,” Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1996, pp. 23-35.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), “Che- micals: Global Mercury Assessment 1,” April 2002.
G. Chin, J. Chong, A. Kluczewska, A. Lau, J. Gorjy and M. Tennant, “The Environmental Effect of Dental Amal-gam,” Australian Dental Journal, Vol. 45, No. 4, De-cember 2000, pp. 246-249.
B. M. Eley, “The Future of Dental Amalgam: A Review of the Literature—Part 2: Mercury Exposure in Dental Practice,” British Dental Journal, Vol. 182, No. 8, April 1997, pp. 293-307.
A. O. Adegbembo, P. A. Watson and S. J. Lugowski, “The Weight of Wastes Generated by Removal of Dental Amalgam Restorations and the Concentration of Mercury in Dental Wastewater,” Journal of Canadian Dental As-sociation, Vol. 68, No. 9, October 2002, pp. 553-558.
EIP Associates, “Technical Memorandum Mercury Source Identification Update: Dental Offices and Human Waste,” Prepared for the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant, 2 March 1999.
P. L. Fan, H. Batchu, H. N. Chou, W. Gasparac, J. San-drik and D. M. Meyer, “Laboratory Evaluation of Amal-gam Separators,” Journal of the American Dental Asso-ciation, Vol. 133, No. 5, May 2002, pp. 577-584.
J. R. Makert, Jr. and M. J. Wahl, “Are There Acceptable Alternatives to Amalgam?” Journal of the California Dental Association, Vol. 32, No. 7, July 2004, pp. 601- 610.
J. E. Dodes, “The Amalgam Controversy: An Evidence- Based Analysis,” Journal of the American Dental Associ-ation, Vol. 132, No. 3, March 2001, pp. 348-356.
Northern Virginia Planning District Commission, “North-ern Virginia Mercury Reduction Project: Exploring op-portunities to reduce mercury discharges from dental of-fices,” Annandale, Virginia: Northern Virginia Planning District Commission, 1999.
Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle, “Dental Office Waste Stream Characterization Study,” Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle, Seattle, 1991.
S. Gail, “Mercury in Waste Dental Amalgam: Why is it Still a Problem? Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County,” December 2003. http://www. gov-link.org/hazwaste/publications/WasteAmalgamProblems_03.pdf
P. Watson, A. Adegbembo and S. Lugowski, “A Study of the Fate of Mercury from the Placement and Removal of Dental Amalgam Restorations Final Report Part 1: Re-moval of Dental Amalgam Restorations,” 5 March 2002.
D. Arenholt-Bindslev, “Dental Amalgam-Environmental Aspects,” Advances in Dental Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1992, pp. 125-130.
Larry Walker Associates, “Mercury source control & pollution prevention program evaluation: Final report. Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies,” 2002. http://www.oracwa.org/Pages/sources_of_mercury-walker_report.pdf
D. B. MacDonald, J. F. Fitzgerald and K. McManus, “Mercury in Dental Facilities,” Massachusetts Water Re-sources Authorities Sewerage Division Toxic Reduction and Control Department, Massachusetts, 1997.
O’Connor, Associates Environmental Inc. “Mass Balance of Dental Related Mercury Wastes in Canada,” Environ-ment Canada, 2000.
C. C. Doiron and Associates, “Final Report: Inventory of uses and Releases of Mercury During Product Life Cy-cles,” Charles E Napier Co. Ltd., Environment Canada ARET Secretariat Ontario, 1998.
A. Adegbembo and P. Watson, “Estimated Quantity of Mercury in Amalgam Waste Water Residue Released by Dentists into the Sewerage System in Ontario, Canada,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, Vol. 70, No. 11, December 2004, pp. 759a-759f.
J. G. Singh, “A Study of Heavy Metals and Hydrocarbons Found in Trinidad,” University of the West Indies St. Augustine, 1989.
L. L. Rojas De Astudillo, “Chemical Investigations on Oysters and Green Mussels from Trinidad and Venezu-ela,” University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, 2002.