OJE  Vol.2 No.4 , November 2012
The nestling diet of fairy pitta pitta nympha on Jeju Island, Korea
Abstract: The nestling diet of the Fairy Pitta (pitta nympha) was studied by videotaping during breeding period in Jeju Island, 2009. Earthworms of several species were the most common food resources for nestlings, averaging 82% of all items, followed by 4% of Homoptera larvae. The remaining was only rarely recorded, including Lepidopteran larvae and adults, slugs, spiders, beetle adults and larvae (Coleoptera) and grasshoppers. Adults provided the number of preys ranging from 1 to 7 items to chicks per one visit. The average value of prey number per visit was 3.0 (SD = 1.38). The estimated average length of prey was 5.7 cm (SD = 2.85), and 96% of the food items were smaller than 10 cm. The staying time for feeding in an early stage was longer than other stages. Provision rate at a forenoon (mean ± SD, 14.7 ± 4.92) and an afternoon time (15.8 ± 5.30) was not significantly higher than that of noon time (11.7 ± 4.49). These results provide basic information for conservation action of international endangered species of this species.
Cite this paper: Kim, E. , Park, C. , Kang, C. and Kim, S. (2012) The nestling diet of fairy pitta pitta nympha on Jeju Island, Korea. Open Journal of Ecology, 2, 178-182. doi: 10.4236/oje.2012.24021.

[1]   Lambert, F, and Woodcock, M (1996) Pittas, broadbills and asities. Pica Press, Sussex.

[2]   BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: The BirdLife International red data book. BirdLife International, Cambridge.

[3]   Kim, E.M. (2006) The distribution and breeding ecology of fairy pitta (pitta nympha) on Mt. Halla. Research Institute of Mt.Hallasan, Jeju.

[4]   Kim, H.K. (1964) The ecology of fairy pitta. Bulletins of Korea Cultural Resarch Institute, 5, 235-240.

[5]   Won, P.O. (1968) Animals in Hallasan, in ministry of culture and Public information. Report on the scientific survey on natural preserves of Mt. Hallasan and Hongdo Island, Ministry of Culture and Public Information, Seoul.

[6]   Kim, E.M., Oh, H.S., Kim, S.B. and Kim, W.T. (2003) The distribution and habitat environment of fairy pitta (pitta nympha temminck & Schlegel) on Jeju Island, Korea. Korean Journal of Ornithology, 10, 77-86.

[7]   Lin, R.S., Yao, C.T. and Lee, P.F. (2007) The diet of fairy pitta pitta nympha nestling in Taiwan as revealed by videotaping. Zoological Studies, 46, 355-361.

[8]   Kim, C.M., Park, C.R., Chung, Y.G., Son, S.G., Kim, C.S. and Kim, J. (2009) Sustainable forest management of warm-temperate forests. Korea Forest Research Institute, Jeju.

[9]   Zar, J.H. (1984) Biostatistical analysis. Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey.

[10]   R Development Core Team (2011) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.

[11]   Satchell, J.E. (1955) Some aspects of earthworm ecology, In: Kevan, D.K.Mc.E., Ed., Butterworths, Soil Zoology, London, 180-201.

[12]   Na, Y.E., Lee, S.B., Han, M.S., Kim, S.G. and Choi, D.R. (2000) Soil properties influencing on earthworm habitation in upland. Korean Journal of Soil Zoology, 5, 165-168.

[13]   Cody, M.L. (1974) Competition and the structure of bird communities. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

[14]   Chung, S.H., Park, J.K., Kim, J.T. and Kim, B.W. (2004) Invertebrates. Korea Forest Research Institute, Seoul.

[15]   Park, C.R., Lee, S.G., Byun, K.O., Kim, C.M., Chung, Y.G., Kim, E.M. and Jeong, S.B. (2008) An eco-guide book to the wildlife in Jeju experimental forests. Korea Forest Research Institute, Seoul.

[16]   Naef-Daenzer, B. and Keller, L.F. (1999) The foraging performance of great and blue tits (Parus major and P. caeruleus) in relation to caterpillar development, and its consequences for nestling growth and fledgling weight. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 708-718. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00318.x

[17]   Naef-Daenzer, L., Naef-Daenzer, B. and Nager, R.G. (2000) Prey selection and foraging performance of breeding Great Tits parus major in relation to food availability. Journal of Avian Biology, 31, 206-214. doi:10.1034/j.1600-048X.2000.310212.x

[18]   Grieco, F. (2002) Time constraint on food choice in provisioning blue tits, parus caeruleus: The relationship between feeding rate and prey size. Animal Behaviour, 64, 517-526. doi:10.1006/anbe.2002.3073

[19]   Knapton, R.W. (1984) Parental feeding of nestling nashville warblers: The effects of food type, brood-size, nestling age, and time of day. Wilson Bull, 96, 594-602.

[20]   Van Horne, B. and Bader, A. (1990) Diet of nestling winter wrens in relationship to food availability. Condor, 92, 413-420. doi:10.2307/1368238

[21]   Haggerty, T.M. (1992) Effects of nestling age and brood size on nestling care in the Bachman’s Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis). The American Midland Naturalist Journal, 128, 115-125. doi:10.2307/2426418

[22]   Smetak, K.M., Johnson-Maynard, J.L. and Lloyd, J.E. (2007) Earthworm population density and diversity in different-aged urban systems. Applied Soil Ecology, 37, 161-168. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2007.06.004