JWARP  Vol.2 No.8 , August 2010
Kinetic Studies for an Aerobic Packed Bed Biofilm Reactor for Treatment of Organic Wastewater with and without Phenol
ABSTRACT
A laboratory scale aerobic fixed film bioreactor packed with glass beads for biofilm growth was used to evaluate the removal efficiencies of COD and phenol for a carbohydrate—phenol mixture in wastewater. It was done by an indigenous mixed culture inoculums developed after collecting sludge from a return line of an activated sludge plant. The test result on continuous flow in the above biofilm reactor indicated an optimum hydraulic loading range of 4-6.4 m3day-1m-2 for attainment of reasonable amount of COD removal in case of carbohydrate substrate only. The COD removal efficiency, however, gradually depleted from 100% to 54% by gradual increase in organic loading (OLR) from 0.72-4.32 kgday-1m-3, beyond which removal was not significant. For the identical loading conditions, in presence of phenol in the substrate along with carbohydrate, the COD removal was observed varying from 100-40% in the above organic loading range. The COD removal kinetics in presence of phenol also shows a decreasing trend compared to data obtained without the presence of phenol in wastewater that reveals biological inhibition. The experimental data were fitted in a simple plug flow model for evaluating the zero order, first order and Monod form of rate equations to evaluate the kinetics. It was found that Monod type rate equations combining a zero and first order rate expression is the best fit for the above hydraulic and organic loading that gives a best fit half velocity constant value of 35 mgL-1 (R2 = 0.9612).

Cite this paper
nullS. Dey and S. Mukherjee, "Kinetic Studies for an Aerobic Packed Bed Biofilm Reactor for Treatment of Organic Wastewater with and without Phenol," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 731-738. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.28084.
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