ABSTRACT This study aimed to research the living status and support system of children orphaned by AIDS in rural Henan Province. The approach of face-to-face questionnaires research was used to assess 501 children’s current situation while in-depth interview was conducted for the support system research. The age range of the children orphaned by AIDS was 2 - 15 years old and the mean age was 11.10 years. Most children among 2 - 6 years had communication skills with temper control and psychological problems. Children of 7 - 15 years old had the ability to take care of themselves and family members but could not do self-regulation. The support system for children orphaned by AIDS included social support, policies support, education support, and health care support but improvement are needed in the future. Support system can be improved through much more feasible and concrete policies and strategies to guarantee these children’s basic needs and comprehensive development.
Cite this paper
Gao, X. , Wu, Y. , Luo, Y. , Zhang, N. , Fang, W. and Du, Y. (2012) Living status and support system of children orphaned by AIDS in central China—Description and policy recommendations. Health, 4, 1062-1067. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.411162.
 UNAIDS (2008) Report on the global AIDS epidemic.
 UNAIDS (2011) UNAIDS world AIDS day report.
 UNAIDS/UNICEF (2004) Children on the Brink.
 UNICEF (2009) Responding to children, young people and AIDS.
 Zhao, G., Li, X., Fang, X., Zhao, J., Yang, H. and Stanton, B. (2007) Care arrangements, grief and psychological problems among children orphaned by AIDS in China. AIDS Care, 19, 1075-1082.
 Kidman, R., Hanley, J.A., Subramanian, S.V., Foster, G. and Heymann J. (2010) AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 966-974.
 Traube, D., Dukay, V., Kaaya, S., Reyes, H. and Mellins, C. (2010) Cross-cultural adaptation of the child depresssion inventory for use in Tan-zania with children affected by HIV. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 5, 174- 187. doi:10.1080/17450121003668343
 Wu, Z., Sun, X., Sulli-van, S.G. and Detels, R. (2006) Public health. HIV testing in China. Science, 312, 1475- 1476. doi:10.1126/science.1120682
 Zhao, Q., Li, X., Kaljee, L.M., Fang, X., Stanton, B. and Zhang, L. (2009) AIDS orphanages in China: Reality and challenges. AIDS Patient Care STDS, 23, 297-303.
 Cohen, J. (2004) HIV/AIDS in China: An unsafe practice turned blood donors into victims. Science, 304, 1438- 1439. doi:10.1126/science.304.5676.1438
 Zhao, Q., Li, X., Fang, X., Zhao, G., Zhao, J. and Lin, X. (2010) Difference in psychosocial well-being between paternal and maternal AIDS orphans in rural China. Journal of Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 21, 335-344. doi:10.1016/j.jana.2009.12.001
 Zhao, J., Li, X., Fang, X., Hong, Y., Zhao, G. and Lin, X. (2010) Stigma against children affected by AIDS (SA- CAA): Psychometric evaluation of a brief measurement scale. AIDS and Behavior, 14, 1302-1312.
 Tu, X., Lv, Y., Li, X., Fang, X., Zhao, G. and Lin, X. (2009) School performance and school behavior of children affected by AIDS in China. Vul-nerable Child Youth Studies, 4, 199-209. doi:10.1080/17450120902814420
 Hong, Y., Li, X., Fang, X., Zhao, G., Lin, X. and Zhang, J. (2010) Perceived social support and psychosocial distress among children affected by AIDS in china. Community Mental Health Journal, 46, 33-43.
 Zhao, Q., Li, X., Fang, X., Stanton, B., Zhao, G. and Zhao, J. (2009) Life improvement, life satisfaction, and care arrangement among AIDS orphans in rural Henan, China. Journal of Association Nurses in AIDS Care, 20, 122-132.
 Zhao, Q., Li, X., Lin, X., Fang, X., Zhao, G. and Zhao, J. (2009) Knowing kids dying of HIV: A traumatic event for AIDS orphans. Journal of Associa-tion Nurses in AIDS Care, 20, 275-282. doi:10.1016/j.jana.2009.02.005
 Messer, L.C., Pence, B.W., Whetten, K., Whetten, R., Thielman, N. and O’Donnell, K. (2010) Prevalence and predictors of HIV-related stigma among institutional- and community-based caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children living in five less-wealthy countries. BMC Public Health, 10, 504. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-504
 Jelsma, J., Davids, N. and Ferguson, G. (2011) The motor development of orphaned chil-dren with and without HIV: Pilot exploration of foster care and residential placement. BMC Pediatrics, 11, 11. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-11
 Han, M., Chen, Q., Hao, Y., Hu, Y., Wang, D. and Gao, Y. (2010) Design and implementation of a China comprehensive AIDS response programme (China CARES). International Journal of Epidemiology, 39, 47-55.
 Okawa, S., Yasuoka, J., Ishikawa, N., Poudel, K.C., Ragi, A. and Jimba, M. (2011) Perceived social support and the psychological well-being of AIDS orphans in urban Kenya. AIDS Care, 1-9.
 Xu, T., Wu, Z., Duan, S., Han, W. and Rou, K. (2010) The situation of children affected by HIV/AIDS in Southwest China: Schooling, physical health, and interpersonal relationships. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syn- dromes, 53, 104-110.