OJD  Vol.1 No.1 , August 2012
Determining the Score for Depression and Its Relationship with the Level of Physical Activity in a Patient at the Family Medicine
Author(s) Zivana Gavric
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Drop in levels of physical activity is associated with occurrence of diseases that can lead to disability and death. Objective: To determine the level of physical activity and the presence of depression, as well their relationship with body mass index in patients. Methods: In the family medicine clinic, within the pilot study, in the first half of 2010 year, through the Interview with 141 patients, the following questionnaires were completed: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The data were processed according to the instructions for questionnaires for PHQ-9 and IPAQ. The patients underwent measurements of blood pressure, sugar and cholesterol levels in blood and body mass index (BMI). Results: Of the total 141 respondents, more than half (61.70%) were aged 25 - 54 years, median 44th years (±14.3). Nearly 3/4 of respondents (73.76%) had the PHQ-9 score value of ≤4, and slightly more than 1/4 of the respondents had the PHQ-9 score value of ≥5. The largest number of respondents (51.80%) over the week had moderate physical activity, with statistically significant difference (χ2 = 566.7, p <0.01) compared to those who had vigorous (16.30%) and low (32.00%) physical activity. Over 2/3 of respondents (67.60%) with the PHQ-9 score ≥ 5 had high BMI and were obese and engaged in moderate physical activity (48.00%). The median sitting in minutes in the last week was greater in those with PHQ-9 score ≥5 (545 minutes) compared to those with PHQ-9 score ≤ 4. Discussion: Moderate physical activity is important in preventing depression and stress. Conclusion: Obligation of the family doctor is to promote physical activity in all age groups as an important factor for improving health and preventing disease.

Cite this paper
Gavric, Z. (2012). Determining the Score for Depression and Its Relationship with the Level of Physical Activity in a Patient at the Family Medicine. Open Journal of Depression, 1, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/ojd.2012.11001.
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