Health  Vol.4 No.10 , October 2012
Associations between muscular fitness and metabolic syndrome: Cross-sectional study of Japanese women and men
Abstract: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex interrelated risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. High cardiorespiratory fitness is known to contribute to prevention of MetS. However, little is known regarding the association between muscular fitness and MetS in Japanese adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between muscular fitness and MetS in Japanese women and men. This cross-sectional study included 335 women and 209 men aged 30 - 79 y. MetS was determined according to the 2009 criteria of the International Diabetes Federation. Muscular fitness was evaluated by muscular fitness composite score (MFS), which was determined using Z scores from grip strength and sit-ups. Participants were classified by MFS tertile into low, middle, and high MFS groups. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to estimate odds ratios for the incidence of MetS in each group. The prevalence of MFS was 27.2% in women and 27.3% in men. Adjusted odds ratios for MetS prevalence in the low, middle, and high MFS groups, after adjusting for age, smoking status, alcohol intake, and exercise habits, were 1.0 (referent), 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50 - 1.62), and 0.49 (95% CI, 0.25 - 0.94; P for trend = 0.03) in women; in men, they were 1.0 (referent), 0.49 (0.23 - 1.04), and 0.42 (0.18 - 0.97; P for trend = 0.04), respectively. Muscular fitness is inversely associated with the prevalence of MetS in Japanese women and men.
Cite this paper: Tanaka, A. , Cao, Z. , Saito, Y. , Kobori, Y. and Higuchi, M. (2012) Associations between muscular fitness and metabolic syndrome: Cross-sectional study of Japanese women and men. Health, 4, 838-844. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.410129.

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