ABSTRACT Mesocosms experiments were used to study the influence of associations of hydrocarbon oxidizing microorganisms on the microbial cenosis and oil destruction in soil. The introduction of active oil oxidizing microorganisms associations into the soil purify of soil from oil to 59.8% - 63.8% after 2 months with 5% oil content and with 10% to 49.2% - 55.6%. As a result of oil destruction there was enlarging of the number of all investigated groups of microorganisms.
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