ABSTRACT Radiative opacity of open-M-shell germanium plasmas in the L-shell photon energy region were investigated in detail by using a fully relativistic detailed level accounting approach. Among other physical effects such as relativistic and the interaction between fine-structure levels belonging to the same non-relativistic configuration and different configurations, particular attention is paid on the effect of autoionization resonance broadening on the L-shell absorption. The results show that for plasmas at present and past typical experimental conditions, line width due to autoionization resonance broadening dominate among all the physical broadening mechanisms including electron impact and Doppler broadenings. Such an effect is most pronounced for ions with just a few 2p-nd transition lines such as Ge14+, while it is not so pronounced for complex ions such as Ge16+, where there are so many 2p-nd lines that line overlapping partly conceal the effect of autoionization resonance broadening. After taking the effect of autoionization resonance broadening into account, detailed comparisons are made with available experimental spectra at different physical conditions of different plasma temperatures and densities. The L-shell absorption is sensitive to the plasma temperature, especially in the 2p-3d excitation energy region. The potential of utlizing the relative shape and intensity of the 2p-3d spin-orbit splitting as temperature diagnostics is investigated.
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