ABSTRACT The Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) accident consequences are a new challenge for nuclear power development; however the sequence of the event has illustrated importance of radiation- and radiochemistry processes on the safe operation and shut down of nuclear reactor and decontamination of formed liquid and solid wastes. A chemistry program is essential for the safe operation of a nuclear power plant. It ensures the integrity, reliability and availability of the main plant structures, systems and components important to safety, in accordance with the assumptions and intent of the design. The proper implementation of these procedures minimizes the harmful effects of chemical impurities and corrosion on plant structures, systems and components. It supports the minimization of buildup of radioactive material and occupational radiation exposure as well as limiting of the release of chemicals and radioactive material to the en- vironment .
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