Cite this paper
J. Toews and S. Clark, "Relative Depth Effects on Corrugated Culvert Roughness," Journal of Water Resource and Protection
, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2012, pp. 838-841. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.410096
 R. H. Hotchkiss, and C. M. Frei, “Design for Fish Pas- sage at Roadway-Stream Crossings: Synthesis Report,” US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Ad- ministrations, 2007.
 Fisheries and Oceans Canada, “Manitoba Stream Cross- ing Guidelines for the Protection of Fish and Fish Habi- tat,” Manitoba Natural Resources, 1996.
 L. G. Straub and H. M. Morris, “Hydraulic Tests on Corrugated Metal Culvert Pipes,” University of Minnesota, 1950.
 M. Sterling, “A Study of Boundary Shear Stress, Flow Resistance and the Free Overfall in Open Channels with a Circular Cross-Section,” PhD Thesis, University of Bir- mingham, Birmingham, 1998.
 S. A. Ead, N. Rajaratnam, C. Katopodis, and F. Ade, “Turbulent Open-Channel Flow in Circular Corrugated Culverts,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 126, No. 10, 2000, pp. 750-757.
 B. M. McEnroe and T. R. Malone, “Hydraulic Resistance of Small-Diameter Helically Corrugated Metal Pipe,” Kansas Department of Transportation, 2008.
 T. J. Abbs, J. A. Kells and C. Katopodis, “A Model Study of the Hydraulics Related to Fish Passage through Back- watered Culverts,” Proceedings of the 18th CSCE Hydro Technical Conference, Winnipeg, 22-24 August 2007.
 S. F. Mangin, “Development of an Equation Independent of Manning’s Coefficient n for Depth Predictions in Partially-Filled Circular Culverts,” MSc Thesis, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, 2010.
 Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute, “Handbook of Steel Drainage & Highway Construction,” 2nd Canadian Edition, American Iron and Steel Institute, 2007.