ABSTRACT Ferrocyanides of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) were synthesized and characterized by IR spectra, magnetic susceptibility, thermal gravimetric analysis, elemental analysis and X ray diffraction studies. Antimicrobial potential of these complexes have been evaluated. Antifungal screening of these complexes has been carried out against Mycogone perniciosa and Verticillium fungicola causing wet and dry bubble diseases of button mushroom respectively. Nickel ferrocyanide has been found to be most effective against Mycogone perniciosa with 60% inhibitory effect whilecadmium ferrocyanide has exhibited significant potential of 85% against Verticillium fungicola.
Cite this paper
C. Chugh and D. Bharti, "Antifungal Potential of Transition Metal Hexacyanoferrates against Fungal Diseases of Mushroom," Open Journal of Synthesis Theory and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2012, pp. 23-30. doi: 10.4236/ojsta.2012.13005.
 B. A. El-Sayed, A. A. Shabana, M. M. Abo-Alyand and M. M. Sallam, “Electrical Transport as a Function of Temperature in Hexacyano Ferrate Complexes,” Journal of materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2003, pp. 27-31.
 J. Fernandez-Bertran, E. Reguera, A. Dago and C. Lopez-Hernandez, “Synthesis and Characterization of Two Complexes of Glycine with Lanthanum Hexacyanoferrate (III) and Hexacyanocobaltate (III),” Polyhedron, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1996, pp. 315-319.
 K.W. Hipps, U. Mazur and M. S. Pearce, “A Tunneling Spectroscopy Study of the Adsorption of Ferrocyanide from Water Solution by Al2O3,” Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 68, 1979, pp. 433-437.
 M. Shporer, G. Ron, A. Loewenstein and G. Navon, “Study of Some Cyano-Metal Complexes by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. II. Kinetics of Electron Transfer between Ferriand Ferrocyanide Ions,” Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1965, pp. 361-364.
 R. Gobl, A. Zentko, J. Kovac, K. Csach, M. Zentkova and M. Miroslav, “Magnetic properties of uranium ferrocyanides and ferricyanides,” Czechoslovak Journal of Physics,Vol.50, No.5, 2000, 671-676.
 K. Itaya, I. Uchida and D. Vernon, “Electrochemistry of Polynuclear Transition Metal Cyanides: Prussian Blue and Its Analogues,” Accounts of Chemical Research,Vol. 19, No. 6, 1986, pp. 162-168. doi:10.1021/ar00126a001
 B. A. Teicher, J. L. Jacobs, K. N. S. Cathcart, M. J. Abrams, J. F. Vollano and D. H. Picker, “Some Complexes of Cobalt(III) and Iron (III) Are Radiosensitizers of Hypoxic EMT6 Cells,” Radiation Research, Vol. 109, No. 1, 1987, pp. 36-46.
 K. Sharmal, S. C. Joshi and R. V. Singh, “Fertility Inhibitor Heterobirnetallic Complexes of Platinum (II) and Palladium (II) Synthetic, Spectroscopic and Antimicrobial Aspects,” Metal-Based Drugs, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2000, pp. 34-36.
 S. Rafique, M. Idrees, A. Nasim, H. Akbar and A. Athar, “Transition Metal Complexes as Potential Therapeutic Agents,” Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2010, pp. 38-45.
 D. Bharti, C. Arora and G. Kaur, “Antifungal Screening Of Some Transition Metal Ferrocyanides against Aspergillusniger and Candida albicans,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2012, pp. 1064-1068.
 C. Arora and Vashali, “Synergistic Effect of Antimicrobial Constituents of Vitex negundo with Metal Ferrocynide,” Progressive Agriculture: An International Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2009, pp. 30-34.
 C. Arora and R. D. Kaushik, “Antifungal Activity of Some Transition Metal Ferrocyanides,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 3-4, 2003, pp. 1828-1830.
 D. Bharti, C. Arora and S. Gupta, “Synergistic Effect of Antifungal Activity of Medicinal Plants with Transition Metal Ferrocyanides against Rhizoctonia solani,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 10, 2012, pp. 4650-4652.
 S. Ilhan, H. Temel, I. Yilmaz and A. Kilic, “Synthesis, Characterization and Redox Properties of Macrocyclic Schiff Base by Reaction of 2,6-Diaminopyridine and 1,3Bis(2-carboxyaldehyde phenoxy)propane and Its CuII, NiII, PbII, CoIII and LaIII complexes,” Transition Metal Chemistry, Vol. 32, 2007, pp. 344-349.
 V.A. Palyulin, S. V. Emets, K. A. Potekhin, A. E. Lysov, Yu. G. Sumskaya and N. S. Zefirov, “Synthesis and Crystal and Molecular Structure of [1,3,5,7-Tetramethyl-3,7diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane]dichlorocopper(II)Monohydrate,” Doklady Chemistry, Vol. 381, No. 4-6, 2001, pp. 369-371. doi:10.1023/A:1013333228403
 Kamaluddin, M. Nath and A. Sharma “Role of Metal Ferrocyanides in Chemical Evolution Adsorption of Ribose and 2’-Deoxyribose 5’-Nucleotides on Metal Ferrocyanides,” Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1994, pp. 469-477.
 S. Viladkar, R. Agrawal and Kamaluddin, “Adsorption of Adenine, Adenosine and Adenosine Nucleotides on Nickel (II) Hexacyanoferrate(II),” Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Vol. 69, No. 1, 1996, pp. 95-100.
 W. U. Malik, S. K. Srivastava, U. M. Bhandari and S. Kumar, “Ion-Exchange Properties of Chromium Ferrocyanide,” Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 2, 1976, pp. 342-343.
 J. Bastian and K. H. Lieser, “Ionenaustausch-gleichgewichte an Titanhexacyanoferrat (II),” Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1967, pp. 827-832. doi:10.1016/0022-1902(67)80340-3
 B. B. Tewari and Kamaluddin, “Photosensitized Oxidation of Diphenylamine Using Nickel Ferrocyanide And Its Relevance In Chemical Evolution, Proceedings of Ninth National Space Science Symposium (NSSS-96),” Osmania University, Hyderabad, 1996.
 V. Kourim, J. Rais and B. Millon, “Exchange Properties of Complex Cyanides—I (Ion-Exchange of Caesium on Ferrocyanides),” Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 26, No. 6, 1964, pp. 1111-1115.
 C. Perez, M. Paul and P. Bazerque, “Antibiotic Assay by Agar Well Diffusion Method,” Acta Biologiae et Medicine Experimentalis, Vol. 15, 1990, pp. 113-135.
 J. M. Vincent, “Distortion of Fungal Hyphae in the Presence of Certain Inhibitors,” Nature, Vol. 156, 1947, pp. 850. doi:10.1038/159850b0
 J. Mendham, R. C. Denney, J. D. Barnes and M. J. K. Thomas, “Vogel’s Text Book Of Quantitative Chemical Analysis,” 6th Edition, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2000.