MSA  Vol.3 No.10 , October 2012
Recovery of Heavy Metal Using Solvent Impregnated Resin (SIR) Coupled with Donnan Dialysis
ABSTRACT
A membrane process for metal recovery from aqueous solutions was studied. Metal ions diffused from the feed compartment to the stripping compartment through an hybrid Donnan dialysis which consists to combine two ion exchange membranes with solvent impregnated resin (SIR). The aim of this work is to study the recovery of Pb(II), Ag(I) and Cu(II) from nitrate solutions by using SIR combined with classical Donnan dialysis. The resin has been prepared by impregnating the Amberlite XAD-4 using three different extractants namely: di-2-ethyl hexyl phosphine acide (D2EHPA), tris-octyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) and Diphenylthiourea (DPT). Experiments were performed as a function of nature of the extractant impregnated on the XAD-4 resin as well as the concentration in the resin phase, the stripping pH, the concentration ratio of metal ions in the feed compartment and the nature of the counter ions in strip compartment. The results show that the D2EHPA is the better extractant for the metal ions used in this work, and it’s shown a good selectivity for the separation between ions.

Cite this paper
D. Berdous and D. Akretche, "Recovery of Heavy Metal Using Solvent Impregnated Resin (SIR) Coupled with Donnan Dialysis," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2012, pp. 704-712. doi: 10.4236/msa.2012.310103.
References
[1]   J. Serarols, J. Poch, M. F. Llop and I. Villaescusa, “Determination of the Effective Diffusion Coefficient for Gold(III) on Macroporous Resin XAD2 Impregnated with Triisobutyl Phosphine Sulfide,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 41, No. 1-2, 1999, pp. 27-35. doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(99)00020-6

[2]   N. Swami and D. B. Dreisinger, “Kinetics of Zinc Removal from Cobalt Electrolytes by Ion Exchange,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1995, pp. 1037-1062. doi:10.1080/07366299508918317

[3]   A. Warshawsky, “Extraction with Solvent-Impregnated Resins,” In: J. A. Marinsky and Y. Marcus, Eds., Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction, Vol. 8, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1981, pp. 229-310.

[4]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, M. Aguilar, A. M. Sastre, A. Profumo and M. Pesavento, “Solvent-Impregnated Resins Containing Di-(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) Phosphonic Acid I. Comparative Study of Di-(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) Phos- phinic Acid Adsorbed into Amberlite XAD-2 and Dissolved in Toluene,” Reactive Polymers, Vol. 21, No. 1-2, 1993, pp. 89-101. doi:10.1016/0923-1137(93)90057-M

[5]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, M. Aguilar and A. M. Sastre, “Solvent Impregnated Resins Containing Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid. I. Preparation and Study of the Reten- tion and Distribution of the Extractant on the Resin,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1994, pp. 349-369. doi:10.1080/07366299408918214

[6]   A. Warshawsky and A. Patchrnik, “Recent Developments in Metal Extraction by Solvent Impregnated Resin,” In: M. Streat (Ed.), The Theory and Practice of Ion Exchange, SCI, London, 1976, pp. 381-384.

[7]   V. A. Lemos and P. X. Balia, “Amberlite XAD-2 Functionnalzed with 2-Amin Othiophenol as a New Sorbent for On-Line Preconcentration of Cadmium and Copper,” Talanta, Vol. 67, No. 3, 2005, pp. 564-570. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2005.03.012

[8]   E. J. dos Santos, A. B. Herrmann, A. S. Ribeiro and A. J. Curtius, “Determination of Cd in Biological Samples by Flame AAS Following On-Line Preconcentration by Complexation with O,O-diethyldithiophosphate and Solid Phase Extraction with Amberlite XAD-4,” Talanta, Vol. 65, No. 2, 2005, pp. 593-597.doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2004.07.025

[9]   S. Baytak and A. R. Turker, “The Use of Agrobacterium Tumefacients Immobilized on Amberlite XAD-4 as a New Biosorbent for the Column Preconcentration of Iron(II), Cobalt(II), Manganese(II), and Chromium(III),” Talanta, Vol. 65, No. 4, 2005, pp. 938-945. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2004.08.021

[10]   A. Uzun, M. Soylak and L. El?i, “Preconcentration and Separation with Amberlite XAD-4 Resin; Determination of Cu, Fe, Pb, Ni, Cd, and Bi at Trace Levels in Waste Water Samples by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrome- try,” Talanta, Vol. 54, No. 1, 2001, pp. 197-202. doi:10.1016/S0039-9140(00)00669-X

[11]   Y. Liu, X. Chang, S. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Din and S. Meng, “Solid-Phase Spectrophotometric Determination of Nic- kel in Water and Vegetable Samples at Sub-μg l?1 Level with o-Carboxylphenyl Diazoaminoazobenzene Loated XAD-4,” Talanta, Vol. 64, No. 1, 2004, pp. 160-166. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2004.02.002

[12]   B. N. Singh and B. Maiti, “Separation and Preconcentration of U(VI) on XAD-4 Modified with 8-Hydroxy Quinoline,” Talanta, Vol. 69, No. 2, 2006, pp. 393-396.doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2005.06.072

[13]   A. G. Strikovsky, K. Jerabek, J. L. Cortina, A. M. Sastre and A. Warshawsky, “Solvent Impregnated Resin (SIR) Containing Dialkyl Dithiophosphoric Acid on Amberlite XAD-2: Extraction of Copper and Comparison to the Liquid-Liquid Extraction,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 28, No. 2, 1996, pp. 149-158.doi:10.1016/1381-5148(95)00060-7

[14]   J. L. Cortina and N. Miralles, “Kinetic Studies on Heavy Metal Ions Removal by Impregnated Resins Containing Di-(2,4,4-trimethylprntyl) Phosphine Acid,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 15, No. 6, 1997, pp. 1064-1068. doi:10.1080/07366299708934522

[15]   I. Villaescusa, V. Salvado and J. De. Pablo, “Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extraction of Gold by Trioctylmethylammoniumchloride (TOMACI) Dissolved in Toluene and Impregnated on Amberlite XAD-2 Resin,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 41, No. 2-3, 1996, pp. 303-311. doi:10.1016/0304-386X(95)00064-N

[16]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, M. Aguilar and A. M. Sastre, “Solvent Impregnated Resins Containing Di-(2-ethylhexyl)Phosphoric Acid. II. Study of the Distribution Equilibria of Zn, Cu and Cd,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1994, pp. 371-391. doi:10.1080/07366299408918215

[17]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, A. M.Sastre and M. Aguilar, “Solid-Liquid Extraction Studies of Divalent Metals with Impregnated Resins Containing Mixtures of Organophos- phorus Extractants,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1997, pp. 221-229.doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(96)00083-1

[18]   K. Ohto, Y. Tanaka, M. Yano, T. Shinohara, E. Murakami and K. Inoue, “Selective Adsorption of Lead Ion on Calix[4]Arene Carboxylate Resin Supported by Polyallylamine,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2001, pp. 725-741. doi:10.1081/SEI-100103817

[19]   Q. Jia, Z. H. Wang, D. Q. Li and C. J. Niu, “Adsorption of Heavy Rare Earth(III) with Extraction Resin Containing Bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) Monothiophosphinic Acid,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 374, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 434-437. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2003.11.056

[20]   P. Miranda, M. F. Maduar, G. Vicentini, L. B. Zinner, N. M. P. de Moraes and H. M. Shihomatsu, “Study of the Rare Earth Elements Fractionation by Solvent Extraction: Use of HPLC as an Analytical Control Technique,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 344, No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 46-50. doi:10.1016/S0925-8388(02)00303-1

[21]   Q. Jia, C.H. Zhan, D. Q. Li and C. J. Niu, “Extraction of Zinc(II) and Cadmium(II) by Using Mixtures of Primary Amine N1293 and Organophosphorus Acids,” Separation Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2004, pp. 1111- 1123. doi:10.1081/SS-120028574

[22]   Y. Guo, B. Din, Yi Liu, X. Chang, S. Meng and J. Liu, “Preconcentration and Determination of Trace Elements with 2-Aminoacetylthiophenol Functionalized Amberlite XAD-2 by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry,” Talanta, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2004, pp. 207- 213. doi:10.1016/S0039-9140(03)00423-5

[23]   B. Godlewska-Zylkiewicz, “Microorganism in Inorganic Chemical Analysis,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 384, No. 1, 2006, pp. 114-123.doi:10.1007/s00216-005-0142-2

[24]   M. Dogru, R. Gul-Guven and Sait Erdogan, “The Use of Bacillus Subtilis Immobilized on Amberlite XAD-4 as a New Biosorbent in Trace Metal Determination,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 149, No. 1, 2007, pp. 166- 173. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.03.066

[25]   T. Saitoh, F. Nakane and M. Hiraide, “Preparation of Trioctylamine-Impregnated Polystyrene-Divinylbenzene Porous Resins for the Collection of Precious Metals from water,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 67, No. 3, 2007, pp. 247-252. doi:10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2006.12.001

[26]   E. Metwally, “Kinetic Studies for Sorption of Some Metal Ions from Aqueous Acid Solutions onto TDA Impregnated Resin,” Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 270, No. 3, 2006, pp. 559-566. doi:10.1007/s10967-006-0462-5

[27]   J. K. Moon, Y. Han, C. Jung, E. Lee and B. Lee, “Adsorption of Rhenium and Rhodium in Nitric Acid Solution by Amberlite XAD4 Impregnated with Aliquat 336,” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2006, pp. 303-308. doi:10.1007/BF02705732

[28]   S. Befler, E. Komgold and Y. Egozy, Ion-Exchange Technology, In: D. Naden and M. Streat, Eds., London, Vol. 736, 1984.

[29]   S. Rengaraj, Y. Kim, C. K. Joo, K. Choi and J. Yi, “Batch Adsorptive Removal of Copper Ions in Aqueous Solutions by Ion Exchange Resins: 1200H and IRN97H,” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2004, pp. 187-194. doi:10.1007/BF02705397

[30]   S. Marinez, A. M. Sastre, N. Miralles and F. J. Alguacil, “Gold(III) Extraction Equilibrium in the System Cyanex 923-HCl Au(III),” Hydromettalurgy, Vol. 40, No. 1-2, 1996, pp. 77-88. doi:10.1016/0304-386X(94)00084-G

[31]   N. Kabay, M. Demircioglu, H. Ekinci, M. Saglam and M. Streat, “Extraction of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from Phosphoric Acid Solutions by Solvent-Impregnated Resins (SIR) Containing Cyanex 302,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 38, No. 2-3, 1998, pp. 219-226. doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(98)00034-0

[32]   X. Zhao, Q. Jia and X. Zhou, “Adsorption of Zinc(II), Cadmium(II) and Copper(II) with PTFE Selective Resin Containing Primary Amine N1923 and Cyanex925,” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 6, 2009, pp. 1729-1732. doi:10.1007/s11814-009-0241-4

[33]   O. Arous, F. Saad Saoud, M. Amara and H. Kerdjoudj, “Efficient Facilitated Transport of Lead and Cadmium across a Plasticized Triacetate Membrane Mediated by D2EHPA and TOPO,” Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 6, 2011, pp. 615-623.doi:10.4236/msa.2011.26083

[34]   M. P. Gonzales, I. Saucedo, R. Navarro, M. Avila and E. Guibal, “Selective Separation of Fe(III), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from Dilute Solutions Using Solvent Impregnated Resins,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 40, No. 25, 2001, pp. 6004-6013. doi:10.1021/ie010071m

[35]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, A. M. Sastre and M. Aguiar, “Solid-Liquid Extraction Studies of Zn(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) from Chloride Media with Impregnated Resins Containing Mixtures of Organophosphorus Compounds Immobilized on to Amberlite XAD2,” Hydromettalurgy, Vol. 37, No. 3, 1995, pp. 301-322. doi:10.1016/0304-386X(94)00029-3

[36]   J. L. Cortina, R. Arad-Yellin, N. Miralles, A. M. Sastre and A. Warshawsky, “Kinetics Studies on Heavy Metal Ions Extraction by Amberlite XAD2 Impregnated Resins Containing a Bifunctional Organophosphorous Extractant,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 38, No. 2-3, 1998, pp. 269-278. doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(98)00053-4

[37]   M. S. Hosseini and A. H. Bandegharaei, “Comparison of Sorption Behaviour of Th(IV) and U(VI) on Modified Impregnated Resin Containing Quinizarin with that Conventional Prepared Impregnated Resin,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 190, No. 1-3, 2011, pp. 755-765. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.03.111

[38]   K. Yoshizuka, Y. Sakomoto, Y. Baba and K. Inoue, “Distribution Equilibria in the Adsorption of Cobalt(II) and Nickel(II) on Levextrel Resin Containinig Cyanex 272,” Hydromettalurgy, Vol. 23, No. 2-3, 1990, pp. 309-318.doi:10.1016/0304-386X(90)90012-Q

[39]   H. Matsunaga, A. Ismail, Y. Wakui and T. Yokoyama, “Extraction of Rare Earth Elements with 2-Ethylhexyl Hydrogen 2-Ethylhexyl Phosphonate Impregnated Resins Having Different Morphology and Reagent Content,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 49, No. 3, 2001, pp. 189-195. doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(01)00077-3

[40]   L. H. Reyes, I. S. Medina, R. N. Mendoza, J. R. Vazquez, M. A. Rodriguez and E. Guibal, “Extraction of Cadmium from Phosphoric Acid Using Resins Impregnated with Organo Phosporus Extractants,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2001, pp. 1422- 1433.

[41]   R. S. Juang and H. C. Lin, “Metal Sorption with Extrac- tant-Impregnated Macroporous Resins. 1. Particle Diffu- sion Kinetics,” Journal of Chemistry Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 62, No. 2, 1995, pp. 132-140.doi:10.1002/jctb.280620204

[42]   R. S. Juang and S. H. Lee, “Metal Sorption with Extrac- tant-Impregnated Macroporous Resins. 2. Chemical Reac- tion and Particle Diffusion Kinetics,” Journal of Chemistry Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 62, No. 2, 1995, pp. 141-147. doi:10.1002/jctb.280620205

[43]   M. Blahusiak, S. Schlosser and J. Martak, “Extraction of Butyric Acid by a Solvent Impregnated Resin Containing Ionic Liquid,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 71, No. 7, 2011, pp. 736-744. doi:10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2011.04.002

[44]   J. L. Cortina, N. Miralles, M. Aguilar and A. M. Sastre, “Extraction Studies of Zn(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) with Impregnated and Levextrel Resins ContainingDi(2-ethylhexyl)Phosphoric Acid,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1994, pp. 131-142. doi:10.1016/0304-386X(94)90001-9

 
 
Top