ABSTRACT In terms of reel-lay installation in deep water, studies on the pipeline during the process of tensioning have been completed based on theories of risk and reliability analysis and Ergonomics. Qualitative risk results, including minimum cut sets, structural importance and probability expression of system failure, are obtained from fault tree analysis. Also, quantitative risk results, mainly consisting of failure probability and reliability index of pipeline plastic deformation, are worked out through Monte Carlo simulation. Simultaneously, scientific suggestions based on Ergonomics are provided. Conclusions drawn from this paper can, to some extent, provide certain references for reel-lay installation in deep water.
Cite this paper
X. Hu, M. Duan and P. Liu, "Risk and Reliability Analysis of Deepwater Reel-Lay Installation: A Scenario Study of Pipeline during the Process of Tensioning," Natural Resources, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 156-163. doi: 10.4236/nr.2012.33020.
 Y. Bai and Q. Bai, “Subsea Pipelines and Risers, Elsevier Ocean Engineering Book Series,” Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2005, pp. 751-785.
 S. Manouchehri, B. Howard and S. Denniel, “A Discussion of the Effect of the Reeled Installation Process on Pipeline Limit States,” Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Vancouver, 6-11 July 2008, pp. 53-59.
 T. A. Netto and M. I. Lourenco, “Fatigue Life Assessment of Reeled Risers,” Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 30 April-3 May 2007, pp. 1-7.
 H. A. Ernst, et al., “Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics Methodology Applied to Pipes Subjected to Multiple Reeling Cycles,” Proceeding of the 17th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, San Diego, 10-15 June 2007, pp. 3216-3224.
 J. D. Andrews and M. T. Robert, “Reliability and Risk Assessment,” Professional Engineering Publishing, Hong Kong, 2008, pp. 201-267.
 A. Shahriar, et al., “Risk Analysis for Oil & Gas Pipelines: A Sustainability Assessment Approach Using Fuzzy Based Bow-Tie Analysis,” Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2012, pp. 505-523.
 P. F. Liu, et al., “Failure Analysis of Natural Gas Buried X65 Steel Pipeline Under De?ection Load Using Finite Element Method,” Materials and Design, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010, pp. 1384-1391. doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2009.08.045
 D. B. Kececioglu, “Reliability Engineering Handbook,” Volume1, New Jersey, 1991.
 B. Champagne and D. Smith, “The BP Bombax Pipeline Project-Design for Construction,” Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, 5-8 May 2003, pp. 1-8.
 N. Mostaghel and R. A.Byrd “Inversion of Ram- berg—Osgood Equation and Description of Hysteresis Loops,” International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics, Vol. 37, No. 8, 2002, pp. 1319-1335.
 API Specification 5L, “Specification for Line Pipe,” 42 Edition, American Petroleum Institute, Washington DC, 2000, pp. 27-76.
 DNV-OS-F101, “Submarine Pipeline Systems,” Det Norske Veritas, Norway, 2000, pp. 27-45.
 T. Tkaczyk, et al., “A Non-Linear Fracture Assessment Procedure for Pipeline Materials with a Yield Plateau,” Proceedings of the 19th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Osaka, June 21-26 2009, pp. 100-109.
 M. Green, “Experience in Incorporating Human Factors into the Control Center Design Process,” An International Conference on Human Interfaces in Control Rooms, Manchester, 19-21 June 2001, pp. 19-24.
 G. Savendy, “Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, 2006.