IJG  Vol.3 No.4 A , September 2012
Numerical and Geophysical Tools Applied for the Prediction of Mine Induced Seismicity in French Coalmines
Author(s) Marwan Al Heib
ABSTRACT
The determination of the influence of mining works and the induced seismicity is essentially obtained, separately from in-situ observations and seismic analysis, field measurements (particularly surface survey) as well as from numerical investigations. The paper presents a methodology applied for the analysis of induced seismicity due to underground coalmines based on combining numerical modelling and seismic analysis. The methodology is based on the comparing between the observations, the seismic activity and the numerical modelling for establishing a close correlation between the location of seismic activity and the induced stresses. The paper presents two case studies using seismic and geotechnical investigations, the first one concerns a fatal accident affected Lorraine coalmine (East France). The second case concerns the application of the methodology on Provence coalmines (South France). The application of the methodology shows such a coupling can be an efficient way for detecting areas subjected to rockburst hazard. This is also a powerful tool for assisting the planning of underground workings in complex geological and mining conditions. The coupling of geotechnical investigations (numerical modelling, in-situ stress measurements) and seismic analysis are strongly recommended.

Cite this paper
M. Al Heib, "Numerical and Geophysical Tools Applied for the Prediction of Mine Induced Seismicity in French Coalmines," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012, pp. 834-846. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2012.324084.
References
[1]   N. G. W. Cook, “Seismicity Induced by Mining,” Engineering Geology, Vol. 10, No. 2-4, 1976, pp. 99-122. doi:10.1016/0013-7952(76)90015-6

[2]   Z. T. Bieniawski, “Strata Control in Mineral Engineering,” Netherland Rotterdam, Balkama, 1987, pp. 111-133.

[3]   W. D. Ortlepp, “RaSiM Comes of Age—A Review of the Contribution to the Understanding and Control of Mine Rockbursts SRK Consulting,” Johannesburg, 1997.

[4]   M. R. Hudyma, “Mining-Induced Seismicity in Underground, Mechanised, Hardrock,” 2004.

[5]   A. M. Linkov, V. Zoubkov, Heib M., et al., “Computer Aided in Analysis of Stressed State and Rockburst Hazard in Veins and Coal Seams Influenced by Faults,” Proceedings of the 1st Southern African Rock Engineering Symposium, Johannesburg, 15-17 September 1997, pp. 44-55.

[6]   M. Al Heib, “Numerical Modelling Applied to Dynamic Phenomena—2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium—June 1996—Numerical Modelling of Ground Burst Problems—Workshop Notes,” Mc Gill, Montreal, 1996, pp. 3-1 to 3-12.

[7]   R. J. Durrheim, M. K. C. Roberts, A. T. Haile, T. O. Hagan, A. J. Jager, M. F. Handley, S. M. Spottiswoode and W. D. Ortlepp, “Factors Influencing the Severity of Rockburst Damage in South African Gold Mines,” Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Vol. 98, No. 1, 1998, pp. 53-58.

[8]   G. Senfaute, M. Al Heib, J. P. Josien and J. F. Noirel “Detection and Monitoring of High Stress Concentration Zones Induced by Coal Mining Using Numerical and Microseismic Methods. Rockburst and Seismicity in Mines-South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy,” 2001.

[9]   G. Senfaute, P. Bigarréand J. P. Josin, “Real-Time Microseismic Monitoring; Automatic Wave Processing and Multilayered Velocity Model for Accurate Event Location,” Rock Mechanics in Petroleum Engineering, Delft, 29-31 August 1994, pp. 631-638. doi:10.2118/28106-MS

[10]   M. D. G. Salamon, “Deformation of Stratified Rock Masses: A Laminated Model,” Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Vol. 91, No. 1, 1991, pp. 9-25.

[11]   S. L. Crouch, 1979 “Computer Simulation of Mining in Faulted Ground,” Journal of the South African Institute on Mining and Metallurgy, Vol. 79, No. 1, pp. 159-173.

[12]   G. Beer and B. A. Poulsen, “Efficient Numerical Modelling of Faulted Rock Using the Boundary Element Method,” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1993, pp. 485-506.

[13]   I. G. T. Thin, R. J. Pine and R. Trueman, “Numerical Modelling as An Aid to the Determination of the Stress Distribution in the Goaf Due to Long-Wall Coal Mining,” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 30, No. 7, 1993, pp. 1403-1409.

[14]   L. Jing, “A Review of Techniques, Advances And Outstanding Issues in Numerical Modelling for Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering,” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2003, pp. 283-353. doi:10.1016/S1365-1609(03)00013-3

[15]   A. McGarr and G. A. Wiebols, “Influence of Mine Geometry and Closure Volume on Seismicity in a Deep-Level Mine,” International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 14, 1997, pp. 139-145. doi:10.1016/0148-9062(77)90005-5

[16]   K. Kanelo, K. Sugawara and Y. Obara, “Rock Stress and Microseismicity in a Coal Burst District. Rockburst and Seismicity in Mines,” In: F. B. Rotterdam, B. Amadei and O. Stephansson, Eds., Rock Stress and Its Measurements, Chapman and Hall, London, 1990. doi:10.1007/978-94-011-5346-1

[17]   D. N, Bigby, J. W. Cassie and A. R. Ledger, “Absolute Stress and Stress Change Measurements in British Coal Measures, Eurock’ 92,” London. 1992.

[18]   P. Gaviglio, P. Bigarré, H. P. Baroudi and R. Monteau, “Measurements of Natural Stresses in a Provence Mine (Southern France),” Engineering Geology, Vol. 44, No. 1-4, 1996, pp. 77-92.

[19]   F. Lahie, P. Bigarré, M. Al Heib, J. P. Josien and J. F. Noirel, “Large-scale 3D Characterisation of Ill-Situ Stress Field in a Complex Mining District Prone to Rockbursting,” Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Rock Mechanics (ISRM), Vol. 2, Sandton, 8-12 September 2003, pp. 689-694,

[20]   G. Senfaute, C. Chambon, P. Bigarre, Y. Guise and J. P. Josien, “Spatial Distribution of Mining Tremors and the Relations to Rockburst Hazard,” Journal of Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 150, No. 3-4, 1997, pp. 451-459.

[21]   V. Renaud, L. Driad and M. Al Heib, “Back-Analysis of the Rockburst in Frieda5 and Design Program Fro Panel in Seam 6 (HBL—Fsrance), Rockbursts 2002—International Synposium: Research and Pevention Systems— Silesia-Poland,” 2002.

[22]   M. Sylla, G. Senfaute, M. Al Heib, Y. Derrien and J. P. Josien, “Prévision du Comportement des Terrains Sous L’Influence des Failles par des Méthodes Numériques et Microsismiques,” The 28th International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes, Bucharest, 1999.

[23]   M. K Abdul-Wahed, M. Al Heib and G. Senfaute, “Mining-Induced Seismicity: Seismic Measurement Using Multiplet Approach and Numerical Modelling,” International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 66, No. 12, 2006, pp. 137-147.

 
 
Top