ABSTRACT Globally, there are an estimated 605 million people aged 60 years and above. Improvements in health care facilities have brought longevity, which is considered to be one of the greatest achievements of the 20th century. Objectives: To assess the morbidity pattern in geriatric people. Methodology: A community based cross sectional study. Results: Out of 208 aged 91 (43.7%) were males, 117 (56.25%) were females. Maximum number of males and females were from the age group 60 - 64 years. 117 (56.25%) had chronic problems and 15 (7.2%) acute. Musculo skeleton problem was the commonest (63%) complaint both in males and females, followed by cardio vascular problem (44%). Diabetes mellitus was more common in males than females and hypertension was more common in females than males. Chronic bronchitis was the commonest respiratory disorder in males (8.7%). Total 20 (9.6%) had psychological problems (depression), psychological problems more common in males 11 (12%) than females 9 (7.7%) Conclusion: The present study showed that chronic morbidity in elderly was significantly higher (56.3%) than acute (7.2%), most commonly affected system by chronic morbidity was musculo-skeletal followed by cardio vascular (CVS) and gastrointestinal (GIT). Psychological problems were more common in males (12%) than in females (7.7%). Psychological problems were more in lower socio-economic class-(V) than higher Class .
Cite this paper
Gupta, S. , Varshney, A. , Tiwari, S. and Shinde, M. (2012) The investigation of medical and psychosocial problems of geriatric population in the urban area of Madhya Pradesh in India. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 2, 170-175. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2012.23026.
 Chandra, S. (1974) A “demographic projection” at the seminar on “medical” (Profession and population problem at the AIIMS.
Bose, A.B. and Saxena, P.C. (1946) Some characteristics of the aged population in the rural society. Journal of Family Welfare, 10, 33.
Ferguson Anderson, W. (1971) “Practical management of the Elderly” 2nd Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford.
Berman, P.A. (1972) The aging gut. Geriatrics, 27, 86.
Adding, B.N. (1982) Adding life to years. Journal of Indian Medical Association, 78, 120.
Rao, N.S.N. (1978) Elements of health statistics.
Grag, B.S., Gupta, S.C., Mishra, S.N. and Singh, R.B. (1982) A Geriatric study of and urban area I. Journal of Public Health, 19, 74-85.
Alok, R. (2001) Madhya pradesh population, health and development atlas.
Parks, J.E. (2001) Textbook of preventive and social medicine. 17th Edition, Bhanot Publisher, Jabalpur.
Grag, B.S. and Gupta, S.C. (1982) Growing old gracefully. Swasth-Hind, 16, 57-58.
Mehrotra, S.K., et al. (1979) Urabn aged population a social study. Indian Journal of Public Health, 23, 71-75.
Mahler, H. (1982) Adding life to years. Swasth-Hind, 16, 68.
Mc Muller, M.J. and Taylor, P.D. (1971) Need for a knowledge and use of community services of a sample of the elderly. Geriatric Digest, 8, 18.
Narain, B. (1979) Problem of the aged pub: The skin institute & pub. Service charitable Trust. N-Block Greater Kailash Is New Delhi.
Ray, S.C. (1975) A Medicosocial study of aged persons.
Zimberg, R. (1974) Study of psychopathy. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 2, 236-242.
Sheard, A.V. (1971) Survey of the elderly in Scunthrobe. Journal of Public Health, 85, 208-218.