Numerical Analysis of the Natural Gas Combustion Products

Author(s)
Fernando Rueda Martínez,
Miguel Toledo Velázquez,
Georgiy Polupan,
Juan Abugaber Francis,
Guillermo Jarquín López,
Celerino Reséndiz Rosas,
José Ángel Ortega Herrera

Affiliation(s)

Researching and Graduate Section Applied Hydraulics and Thermal Engineering Laboratory ESIME - IPN.

Researching and Graduate Section ESIME Culhuacan - IPN México; D.F.

Researching and Graduate Section, Pachuca Technological Institute, Pachuca Hidalgo, México.

Researching and Graduate Section. ESIME - IPN.

Researching and Graduate Section Applied Hydraulics and Thermal Engineering Laboratory ESIME - IPN.

Researching and Graduate Section ESIME Culhuacan - IPN México; D.F.

Researching and Graduate Section, Pachuca Technological Institute, Pachuca Hidalgo, México.

Researching and Graduate Section. ESIME - IPN.

ABSTRACT

The combustion products of fuels containing the elements C, H, O, N and S are calculated. The methodology is based on the equations obtained in the stoichiometric balance of atoms. The adiabatic flame temperature is determined considering that the pressure of the boiler furnace remains constant. The scope of this work is limited to the analysis of natural gas (methane) with molecular formula*CH*_{4}. The methodology can, however, be employed for the calculation of combustion products of a great variety of hydrocarbons under the established restrictions.In the development of the methodology two cases are contemplated: Φ ≤ 1 (lean and stoichiometric mixture) and Φ > 1 (rich mixture). In the first case it is considered that when the combustion is complete, the combustion products are O_{2}, H_{2}O, CO_{2}, N_{2}, SO_{2}, and the solution follows directly. When the combustion is incomplete, however, the products H, O, N, H_{2}, OH, CO, NO, O_{2}, H_{2}O, CO_{2}, N_{2} and SO_{2} can be generated, according to Stephen R. Turns, (2000). When bal-ances of atoms are performed, four conservation equations are obtained, one for each of the C, O, H and N elements. An additional restriction requires that the sum of the molar fractions of the products equals one mol. Finally, seven equilibrium constants, corresponding to the seven chemical reactions of combustion, are introduced. All this provides a system of four nonlinear equations which is solved with the Newton-Raphson method.

The combustion products of fuels containing the elements C, H, O, N and S are calculated. The methodology is based on the equations obtained in the stoichiometric balance of atoms. The adiabatic flame temperature is determined considering that the pressure of the boiler furnace remains constant. The scope of this work is limited to the analysis of natural gas (methane) with molecular formula

Cite this paper

F. Martínez, M. Velázquez, G. Polupan, J. Francis, G. López, C. Rosas and J. Herrera, "Numerical Analysis of the Natural Gas Combustion Products,"*Energy and Power Engineering*, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2012, pp. 353-357. doi: 10.4236/epe.2012.45046.

F. Martínez, M. Velázquez, G. Polupan, J. Francis, G. López, C. Rosas and J. Herrera, "Numerical Analysis of the Natural Gas Combustion Products,"

References

[1] M. J. Moran and H. N. Shapiro, “Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics,” John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2000.

[2] J. H. Mathews, “Numerical Methods for Mathematics, Science and Engineering,” 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1992.

[3] G. Zirkel and E. Berlinger, “Understanding Fortran 77 and 90,” PWS Publishing Company, Boston, 1994.

[4] J. Warnatz, U. Maas and R. W. Dibble, “Combustion Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation,” 3rd Edition, Springer-Verlang, Berlín Heidelberg, 2001.

[5] D. R. Lide, “CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” 71st Edition, 1990-1991.

[6] S. R. Turns, “An Introduction to Combustión. Concepts and Applications,” 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 2000.

[1] M. J. Moran and H. N. Shapiro, “Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics,” John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2000.

[2] J. H. Mathews, “Numerical Methods for Mathematics, Science and Engineering,” 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1992.

[3] G. Zirkel and E. Berlinger, “Understanding Fortran 77 and 90,” PWS Publishing Company, Boston, 1994.

[4] J. Warnatz, U. Maas and R. W. Dibble, “Combustion Physical and Chemical Fundamentals, Modeling and Simulation, Experiments, Pollutant Formation,” 3rd Edition, Springer-Verlang, Berlín Heidelberg, 2001.

[5] D. R. Lide, “CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics,” 71st Edition, 1990-1991.

[6] S. R. Turns, “An Introduction to Combustión. Concepts and Applications,” 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 2000.