ABSTRACT The first aim of the present research is to determine the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) in comparison to psychopharmacological intervention on Iranian women with Anxiety disorders. The second aim of the research is to find the relationship between the irrational beliefs and maladaptive thinking with anxiety disorder and the third aim of the research is to investigate which method of treatment causes more satisfaction in the patient. In regard to the research issue, the sample included 300 women with the average age of 18 to 45 who were selected randomly of those patients with anxiety disorders (general anxiety disorder GAD, obsessive compulsive disorder OCD, social anxiety disorder SAD) who referred to counseling and mental health centers and private offices in Eslamshahr city (Tehran state). They were divided into 6 groups: 1) The first three groups with one of these three disorders (GAD, OCD and SAD) referred to Cognitive Behavior Therapy voluntarily; 2) The other three groups with the same disorders referred to the psychiatrist for the psychopharmacological intervention voluntarily. The psychopharmacological intervention course was at least 6 months and the total period of CBT was 12 to 16 sessions (held every week). The diagnosis interview was performed on the basis of DSM-IV-TR 2000 before the treatment. Then the check-list SCL90-R test was performed after diagnosis by the psychologist and in the next session the Jones’ irrational beliefs test (IBT) was performed. Research method is of the quasi-experimental method with pre-test and post-test. Generally, the present study findings verify the positive effect of the cognitive-behavior therapy on the change of irrational beliefs, maladaptive thinking and the decrease of symptoms and in the end the research points out that CBT causes more satisfaction than the other treatment in patients; while the psychopharmacological intervention just decreases the symptoms of the disorders, less than CBT. At the end of treatments, both of groups answered to the satisfaction of treatment questioner. It showed that patients were more satisfied with CBT than psychopharmacological intervention. The result of the research showed that CBT not only decreased the symptoms of anxiety disorders but also changed the patients’ irrational beliefs, maladaptive thinking and thinking methods. It should be mentioned that such a phenomenon is accompanied by attaining new social skills and in the end, the effect of CBT will be more permanent and stable and patients are not caught in a kind of recovery-relapse cycle.
Cite this paper
Alizadeh, A. , Shahverdyan, G. & Etemadi, A. (2012). The Comparison of Cognitive Behavior Therapy with Psychopharmacological Intervention for Women with Anxiety Disorders (GAD, SAD & OCD). Psychology, 3, 841-847. doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.329127.
 Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1977). Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 888-914. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.84.5.888
 Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl, & J. Beckman (Eds.), Action-control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11-39). Heidelberg: Springer.
 Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes personality and behavior. Chicago, IL: Dor- sey.
 Alford, B. A., & Lantka, A. L. (2000). Processes of clinical change and resistance. Behaviour Modification, 24, 566-579.
 Allen, D. M. (2012). Use of between-session homework in systems-oriented individual psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 16, 238-253. doi:10.1037/1053-04184.108.40.206
 Ascher, L., & Efrem, J. (1978). Use of paradoxical intention in a behavioral program for sleep onset insomnia. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 547-550. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.46.3.547
 Azarmidokht, R. et al. (2011). The relationship between dysfunctional thoughts and suicidal tendencies in spouse abused. Journal of Re- search and Science Women Society, 3, 123-136.
 David, D. (2009). Rational and irrational beliefs: Research, theory, and clinical practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 25-26.
 Efstratopoulos, A. D., Voyaki, S. M., Baltas, A. A., Vratsistas, F. A., Kirlas, D. E., Kontoyannis, J. T. et al. (2006). Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Hellas, Greece. American Journal of Hypertension, 19, 53-56.
 Griez, E. J. L., Faravelli, C., Nutt D., & Zohar, D. (2001). Anxiety disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 10-18.
 Hossine, S. (1996). The relationships between mothers’ irrational beliefs with their children’s behavioral problems. Journal of Applied Psychology, 3, 45-56.
 Houshang, G., Peyman, K. Z., & Sepideh, J. (2002). Assessment between mental health and irrational beliefs. Tehran: Healthy University, 1-20.
 Jaleh, A. B., Houshang, M., Taghi, B. M., & Afsar, A. (2000). Comparative Effectiveness of Drug Therapy Group therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Tehran: Tehran Psychiatric Institute, 125-136.
 Kamal, S. (1994). Comparison of Irrational Beliefs in Suicide Attempt (self-burning) with the normal people. Share Kord University Medical Science, 2, 52-60.
 Kazantzis, N. et al. (1973). Using homework assignments in cognitive behavior therapy. New York: Routledge, 57-137.
 Mehdi, E. et al. (2009). Comparative efficacy of cognitive- behavioral therapy, exposure and response prevention and improve patient Fluoxetine obsessive—compulsive disorder. Tehran: Shahed University, 39-50.
 Noyes, R. Jr., & Hoehn-Saric, R. (2006). The anxiety disorders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 3-29.
 Rosqvist, J. (2005). Exposure treatments for anxiety disorders a practitioner’s guide to concepts’ methods, and evidence-based practice. New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 1-123.
 Stoudeh-Asl, N. (2010). Comparison two methods of CBT and medical treatment on hypertension illness life aspect. Medical Journal of Semnan University, 11, 294-302.
 Vanin, J. R., & Helsley, J. D. (2008). Anxiety disorders: A pocket guide for primary care. New York: Humana Press.