ABSTRACT A Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna (RDRA) fed by Dielectric Image Line (DIL) through a narrow slot placed on a finite ground plane is numerically investigated. The effects of ground plane size on the radiation performance of the antenna are carried out. To increase the antenna gain, four sidewalls are placed around the corners of the ground. Also, a reflector is placed at the back side of the structures to reduce backward radiation. Results show that 7.7 dB gain is obtained at 10 GHz with a broadside radiation pattern. For the DRA with four sidewalls maximum gain of 10.4 dB at 10.4 GHz is achieved which is 2.7 dB higher than the gain of the structure without them. The effect of air gap between dielectric resonator and ground plane is also investigated. The results show that with increasing the distance between the DR and ground, antenna gain is decreased.
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