Dark Experiments: From Black Holes to Cosmic Rays

ABSTRACT

Some nagging questions in modern physics can be resolved rigorously using a basic mathematical formalism, albeit with the need to admit that non-isomorphic realities arise to various degrees in a given universe. Let*U=(m', m")* be an unordered pair of distinct massive objects in different reference frames. A dark experiment is an ordering u, m_{v}> of the elements of *U*, either or, exclusively, , where the left-hand member of the ordered pair is called *the observer*, and where there exists a 1-to-1 mapping *f*:{u}→{events}, m_{v}> , such that both elements of an ordered pair in a dark experiment agree on the events that unfold in the experiment. However, since ≠ , it follows that *f*()≠*f*(). This describes non-isomorphic realities where in both elements of each ordered pair mapping two distinct sets of unfolding events will agree on their respective events. Consequently, there is an inherent limitation on what can be determined directly from experimentation. Examples arise in the context of the Hawking information paradox, relativistic time travel, and cosmic ray experiments.

Some nagging questions in modern physics can be resolved rigorously using a basic mathematical formalism, albeit with the need to admit that non-isomorphic realities arise to various degrees in a given universe. Let

Cite this paper

A. Allen, "Dark Experiments: From Black Holes to Cosmic Rays,"*Journal of Modern Physics*, Vol. 3 No. 9, 2012, pp. 955-956. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.39125.

A. Allen, "Dark Experiments: From Black Holes to Cosmic Rays,"

References

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[2] L. Susskind, “The Black Hole War: My Battle With Stephen Hawking to Make The World Safe for Quantum Mechanics,” Little Brown and Company, New York, 2008.

[3] C. Sagan, “Contact,” Simon and Schuster, New York, 1985.

[4] P. Ogonowski, “Time Dilation as Field,” Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2012, pp. 200-207. doi:10.4236/jmp.2012.32027

[1] A. D. Allen, “The Weatherman Who Fell down a Black Hole: What He Can Teach us about Reality,” Physics Essays, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2012, pp. 76-83. doi:10.4006/0836-1398-25.1.76

[2] L. Susskind, “The Black Hole War: My Battle With Stephen Hawking to Make The World Safe for Quantum Mechanics,” Little Brown and Company, New York, 2008.

[3] C. Sagan, “Contact,” Simon and Schuster, New York, 1985.

[4] P. Ogonowski, “Time Dilation as Field,” Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2012, pp. 200-207. doi:10.4236/jmp.2012.32027