OPJ  Vol.2 No.3 , September 2012
Study on the Effect of Monochromatic Light on the Growth of the Red Tide Diatom Skeletonema Costatum
Abstract: Effects of light intensity and quality of three kinds of LED monochromatic lights (blue, green, and red) on the growth of Skeletonema costatum are investigated in batch culture conditions. Seven light intensities (20, 30, 40, 45, 50, 60 and 80 μmol·m-2·s-1) are used to evaluate the specific growth rate, spectrum absorption coefficient and saturated light intensity of LED monochromatic light. Results show that the growth rates of Skeletonema costatum increase with the enhanced light intensity; however, the light level beyond the saturation light intensity inhibited the growth of Skeletonema costatum. Compared with red and green light, the growth rate of Skeletonema costatum under blue light is higher within saturated light intensity, and saturated light intensity of LED monochromatic light is lower under blue light and higher under green light. It is concluded that under different monochromatic light, the saturated light intensity decreases and the growth rate increases with the increasing of spectrum absorption coefficient.
Cite this paper: Miao, H. , Sun, L. , Tian, Q. , Wang, S. and Wang, J. (2012) Study on the Effect of Monochromatic Light on the Growth of the Red Tide Diatom Skeletonema Costatum. Optics and Photonics Journal, 2, 152-156. doi: 10.4236/opj.2012.23022.

[1]   T. J. Smayda, “Harmful Algal Blooms: Their Ecophysiology and General Relevance to Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea,” Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 42, 1999, pp. 1137-1153. doi:10.4319/lo.1997.42.5_part_2.1137

[2]   J. S. Xu, “Offshore Shrimp Pond and Red Tide,” Marine Press, Beijing, 2003.

[3]   M. J. Zhou and M. Y. Zhu, “Progress of the Project Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms in China,” Advances Earth Science, Vol. 21, No. 7, 2006, pp. 673-679.

[4]   H. L. Cheng, S. H. Lv, C. S. Zhang, et al., “A Survey on the Red Tide of Prorocentrum donghaiense in East China Sea,” Ecologic Science, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2006, pp. 226230.

[5]   Y. S. Lee, “Factors Affecting Outbreaks of High Density Cochlodinium polykrikoides Red Tides in the Coastal Seawaters around Yeosu and Tongyeong, Korea,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 52, No. 10, 2006, pp. 1249-1259. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.02.024

[6]   Y. Li, D. J. Li, J. L. Tang, et al., “Phytoplankton Distribution and Variation in the Yangtze River Estuary and Its Adjacent Sea,” Environmental Science, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2007, pp. 719-729.

[7]   Y. J. Sheng and D. H. Chen, “Effect of Different Light Cycle on the Growth of P. Millirod Algae and Green Millirod Algae,” Journal of Lake Science, Vol 16, No. 3, 2004, pp. 21-25.

[8]   R. Y. Sun, B. Li, G. Y. Zhu, et al., “Ordinary Ecology,” Higher Education Press, Beijing, 1993.

[9]   W. Wang and J. M. Lin, “Light-Dependent Control and Development of Algae,” Chinese Bulletin of Botany, Vol. 17, No. 5, 1998, pp. 31-39.

[10]   H. B. Seung, S. J. Shimode, Tomohiko, et al., “Growth of Dinoflagellates, Ceratium furca and Ceratium fusus in Sagami Bay, Japan: The Role of Temperature, Light Intensity and Photoperiod,” Harmful Algae, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2008, pp. 163-173. doi:10.1016/j.hal.2007.06.006

[11]   H. Mao, H. Xu and Z. P. Liu, “Effects of Water Temperature, Illumination, and pH on the Growth of Chaetoceros curvisetus,” Ecological Science, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2007, pp. 432-436.

[12]   B. Y. Sun, S. K. Liang, C. Y. Wang, et al., “Role of Irradiance on the Seasonality of Skeletonema costatum Cleve Blooms in the Coastal Area in East China Sea,” Environmental Science, Vol. 29, No. 7, 2008, pp. 18491854.

[13]   P. Yu, Q. Q. Zhang and X. L. Wang, “Effects of Temperature and Irradiance on Growth of Two Strains of Marine Diatoms,” Marine Environmental Science, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2006, pp. 38-40.

[14]   J. B. Chou, L. H. Hu, S. Z. Lin, et al., “Study on the Productive Culture of Skeletonema costatum Goreville,” Shandong Fisheries, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2006, pp. 27-29.

[15]   W. Wang, “Effect of Light Quality on Growth and Biochemical Compositions of a Diatom Biddulphia sinensis,” Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1999, pp. 197-200.

[16]   Y. W. Shen, Z. Y. Zhu and Y. D. Liu, “Effects of Different Light Quality on Richelia sinica,” Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1999, pp. 285-287.

[17]   Y. Wu and L. Gu, “Study on the Growth and the Light Bioreactor Intracellular Polysaccharide of Two Kinds of Microalgae,” Biotechnology, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2004, pp. 5960.

[18]   S. Nagasoe, Dae-I1 Kim, Y. Shimasaki, et al., “Effects of Temperature, Salinity and Irradiance on the Growth of the Red Tide Dinoflagellate Gyrodinium instriatum Freudemthalet Lee,” Harmful Algae, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2006, pp. 20-25. doi:10.1016/j.hal.2005.06.001

[19]   J. L. Mouget, P. Rosa and G. Tremblin, “Acclimation of Haslea ostrearia to Light of Different Spectral Qualities Confirmation of ‘Chromatic Adaptation’ in Diatoms,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Vol. 75, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2004.04.002

[20]   A. J. Mao and J. Wang, “Calculation and Application of Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density,” Periodical of Ocean University of China, Vol. 36, 2006, pp. 151-155.