AJOR  Vol.2 No.3 , September 2012
Web Acceleration by Prefetching in Extremely Large Latency Network
ABSTRACT
A scheme for high-speed data transfer via the Internet for Web service in an extremely large delay environment is proposed. With the wide-spread use of Internet services in recent years, WLAN Internet service in high-speed trains has commenced. The system for this is composed of a satellite communication system between the train and the ground station, which is characterized by extremely large latency of several hundred milliseconds due to long propagation latency. High-speed web access is not available to users in a train in such an extremely large latency network system. Thus, a prefetch scheme for performance acceleration of Web services in this environment is proposed. A test-bed system that implements the proposed scheme is implemented and is its performance in this test-bed is evaluated. The proposed scheme is verified to enable high-speed Web access in the extremely large delay environment compared to conventional schemes.

Cite this paper
F. Nagase, T. Hiraguri, K. Nishimori and H. Makino, "Web Acceleration by Prefetching in Extremely Large Latency Network," American Journal of Operations Research, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 339-347. doi: 10.4236/ajor.2012.23041.
References
[1]   D. Raggett, A. L. Hors and I. Jacobs, “HTML 4.01 Specification,” W3C Recommendation, 24 December 1999.

[2]   T. Berners-Lee, R. Fielding and H. Frystyk, “Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP/1.0.,” RFC 1945 MIT/LCS, UC Irvine, May 1996.

[3]   R. Fielding, J. Gettys, J. Mogul, H. Frystyk, L. Masinter, P. Leach and T. Berners-Lee, “Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP/1.1,” Internet Draft Standard RFC 2616, June 1999.

[4]   T. Berners-Lee, R. Fielding and H. Frystyk, “Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP/1.0.,” RFC 1945 MIT/LCS, UC Irvine, May 1996.

[5]   R. Fielding, J. Gettys, J. Mogul, H. Frystyk, L. Masinter, P. Leach and T. Berners-Lee, “Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP/1.1,” Internet Draft Standard RFC 2616, June 1999.

[6]   X. Liang, F. L. C. Ong, P. M. L. Chan and R. E. Sheriff and P. Conforto, “Mobile Internet Access for High-speed Trains via Heterogeneous Networks,” The 14th IEEE 2003 International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communication Proceedings, Vol. 1, 7-10 September 2003, pp. 177-181.

[7]   V. Schena and F. Ceprani, “FIFTH Project Solutions Demonstrating New Satellite Broadband Communication System for High Speed Train,” 2004 IEEE 59th Conference on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 5, 17-19 May 2004, pp. 2831-2835.

[8]   IEEE Std. 802.11, Part 11, “Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications,” ISO/IEC 8802-11, 2008.

[9]   H. Obata, K. Ishida, J. Funasaka and K. Amano, “Data Transfer Time by HTTP1.0/1.1 on Asymmetric Networks Composed of Satellite and Terrestrial Links,” IEICE Transactions on Communications, Vol. E85-B, No. 12, 2002, pp. 2895-2903.

[10]   G. Hasegawa, M. Murata and H. Miyahara, “Performance Evaluation of HTTP/TCP on Asymmetric Networks,” International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1999, pp. 281-296.

[11]   M. Allman, V. Paxson and W. Stevens, “TCP Congestion Control,” RFC 2581, April 1999.

[12]   W. R. Stevens, “The Protocols,” In: TCP/IP Illustrated, Vol. 1, Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1994.

[13]   Z. Reserch, “The Need for Speed II,” Zona Market Bulletin, No. 05, April 2001.

[14]   T. Hyashi, Y. Muto and I. Nakajima, “Subjective Quality Evaluation on Response Time in Web Service,” IEICE General Conference, B-11-23, Ritsumeikan University, March 2011.

[15]   T. Yoshino, Y. Sugawara, K. Inagami, J. Tamatsukuri, M. Inaba and K. Hiraki, “Performance Optimization of TCP/ IP over 10 Gigabit Ethernet by Precise Instrumentation,” International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC 2008), 15-21 November 2008, pp. 1-12. doi:10.1109/SC.2008.5215913

[16]   S. Souders, “High Performance Web Sites: Essential Knowledge for Frontend Engineers,” O’Reilly Media, September 2007.

[17]   H. F. Nielsen, J. Gettys, A. Baird-Smith, E. Prud’hommeaux, H. W. Lie and C. Lilley, “Network Performance Effects of HTTP/1.1, CSS1, and PNG,” Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM’97 Conference on Applications, Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols for Computer Communication, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1997, pp. 155-166.

[18]   K. Chinen and S. Yamaguchi, “An Interactive Prefetching Proxy Server for Improvement of WWW Latency,” Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the Internet Society (INEt’97), Kuala Lumpur, June 1997.

[19]   V. N. Padmanabhan and J. C. Mogul, “Using Predictive Prefetching to Improve World Wide Web Latency,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1996, pp. 22-36. doi:10.1145/235160.235164

[20]   R. Shinkuma, M. Okada and S. Komaki, “Adaptive Transmission Scheme for Web Prefetching in Wireless Environment,” IEICE Transaction on Electronics, Vol. E85-C, No. 3, 2002, pp. 485-491.

[21]   “MIME Media Types,” http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/index.html

 
 
Top