Back
 AJPS  Vol.3 No.8 , August 2012
An Investigation of the Vegetative Anatomy of Piper sarmentosum, and a Comparison with the Anatomy of Piper betle (Piperaceae)
Abstract: This paper describes the detailed anatomy and micromorphology of the vegetative parts of Piper sarmentosum Roxb. (synonym, P. lolot C.DC.), which is a southeast Asian medicinal plant valued for its medicinal and culinary uses. The study also compares the anatomy of the leaf, petiole, stem and root of P. sarmentosum with those of the well-characterized P. betle L. The leaves of both the species are morphologically comparable and have similar culinary uses. The present study showed that the leaves of both the species possess more or less comparable anatomical features with a few differences; whereas, the microscopic features of the petiole, stem, and root of the two species are distinctive.
Cite this paper: V. Raman, A. Galal and I. Khan, "An Investigation of the Vegetative Anatomy of Piper sarmentosum, and a Comparison with the Anatomy of Piper betle (Piperaceae)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2012, pp. 1135-1144. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.38137.
References

[1]   D. J. Mabberley, “Mabberley’s Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, Their Classification and Uses,” 3rd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008.

[2]   S. P. Mathew, A. Mohandas and G. M. Nair, “Piper sarmentosum Roxb.—An Addition to the Flora of Andaman Islands,” Current Science, Vol. 87, No. 2, 2004, pp. 141-142.

[3]   P. C. M. Jansen, “Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter,” In: C. C. de Guzman and J. S. Siemonsma, Eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices, Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, 1999.

[4]   Y.-C. Tseng, N. Xia and M. G. Gilbert, “Piperaceae,” In: W. Zhengyi and P. H. Raven, Eds., Flora of China-Cycadaceae through Fagaceae, Vol. 4, Science Press, Beijing and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, 1999.

[5]   M. G. Gilbert and X. Nian-he, “Notes on the Piperaceae of China,” Novon, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1999, pp. 190-198. doi:10.2307/3391797

[6]   C. Wiart, “Medicinal Plants of Asia and the Pacific,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2006.

[7]   H. Solereder, “Systematic Anatomy of the Dicotyledons —A Handbook for Laboratories of Pure and Applied Botany,” Vol. 2, The Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1908.

[8]   B. Seetha Lakshmi and K. C. Naidu, “Comparative Morphoanatomy of Piper betle L. Cultivars in India,” Annals of Biological Research, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2010, pp. 128-134.

[9]   K. Vasuki, R. Senthamarai, T. Shri Vijaya Kirubha, P. Balasubramanian and S. Selvadurai, “Pharmacognostical Studies on Leaf of Piper betle,” Der Pharmacia Lettre, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2011, pp. 232-235.

[10]   C. R. Metcalfe and L. Chalk, “Anatomy of the Dicotyledons,” Vol. 2, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1950.

[11]   H. M. Chibber, “The Morphology and Histology of Piper betle, L. (the Betle Vine),” Journal of the Linnaean Society, Botany, Vol. 41, 1912, pp. 357-383. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1913.tb02484.x

[12]   Y. S. Murty, “Studies in the Order Piperales. IV. A Contribution to the Study of Vegetative Anatomy of Three Species of Piper,” Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences in India, Vol. 25, Part B, 1973, pp. 31-38.

[13]   C. J. Chamberlain, “Methods in Plant Histology,” University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1901.

[14]   S. E. Ruzin, “Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy,” Oxford University Press, New York, 1999.

[15]   M. A. Hayat, “Principles and Techniques of Electron Microscopy: Biological Applications,” 4th Edition, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2000.

[16]   W. R. J. Van Cotthem, “A Classification of Stomatal Types,” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 63, No. 3, 1970, pp. 235-246. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1970.tb02321.x

[17]   D. D. Pant and R. Banerji, “Structure and Ontogeny of Stomata in Some Piperaceae,” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 59, No. 378, 1965, pp. 223-228. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1965.tb00059.x

[18]   P. C. Datta and A. Dasgupta, “Comparison of Vegetative Anatomy of Piperales. II. Leaves,” Acta Biologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, Vol. 28, 1977, pp. 97-110.

 
 
Top