OJER  Vol.1 No.1 , August 2012
The Influence of Islam on the Assessment of Earthquake Hazards and Seismic Risk
Abstract: The article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The paper is withdrawn due to paper duplication which has been published by the author years before. This paper published in Vol.1 No.1 1-12 (pages), 2012, has been removed from this site.
Cite this paper: T. Paradise, "The Influence of Islam on the Assessment of Earthquake Hazards and Seismic Risk," Open Journal of Earthquake Research, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-12. doi: 10.4236/ojer.2012.11001.

[1]   J. A. Peláez, M. Chourak, B. A. Tadili, L. Ait Brahim, M. Hamdache, C. López Casado and J. M. Martínez Solares, “A Catalog of Main Moroccan Earthquakes from 1045 to 2005,” Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 78, No. 6, 2007, pp. 614-621.

[2]   R. Bowen and U. Jux, “Afro-Arabian Geology: A Kine- matic View,” Chapman & Hall, London, 1987.

[3]   M. Meghraoui, F. Outtani, A. Choukri and D. F. De La- motte, “Coastal Tectonics across the South Atlas Thrust Front and the Agadir Active Zone, Morocco,” Geological Society of London Special Publications, Vol. 146, 1999, pp. 239-253.

[4]   N. Ocal, “Fault-Plane Solutions for Agadir, Morocco, Earthquake of February 29, 1960 and Skopje, Yugoslavia, Earthquake of July 26, 1963,” I.I.S.E.E. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1-7, 1964.

[5]   T. Waltham, “Catastrophe: The Violent Earth,” Crown Publishers, New York, 1978.

[6]   E. C. Erickson and F. W. Young, “Urban Hierarchies and Regional Development in Morocco: A Graphical Technique for Monitoring and Assessment,” Journal of Developing Societies, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1992, pp. 160-178.

[7]   H. R. Barrett, H. Fox and L. Stanier, “Agadir, Thirty Years since the Earthquake,” Geography Review, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1991, pp. 35-39.

[8]   Haut Commissariat au Plan (HCP), “Royaume du Maroc,” 2006.

[9]   Moroccan Ministry of Communication, “Investing in Morocco Tourism,” 2002.

[10]   Arabic News, “$66 Million Investment in Tourism in Agadir: Morocco-USA, Economics,” 2000.

[11]   Moroccan Ministry of Communication: Economy, “Investments-Foreign Investments and Loans in Morocco in 1995, according to Sectors. 3 December. 2002,” 1995.

[12]   T. E. Cherkaoui and F. Medina, “Revision des Donnees Macrosismiques et du Mecanisme au Foyer du Seisme d’Agadir du 29 Fevrier 1960,” Geographic Review of Morocco, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1988, pp. 51-62.

[13]   American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI), “The Agadir, Morocco Earthquake,” A.I.S.A., New York, 1962

[14]   Keller, E. A. and N. Pinter, “Active Tectonics: Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscapes,” Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2002.

[15]   F. F. Evison, “Lessons from Agadir,” New Zealand Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 10, 1963, pp. 369-371.

[16]   R. Yeats, Kerry S. and C. Allen, “The Geology of Earth- quakes,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1997.

[17]   D. Hatzfeld, V. Caillot, T. Cherkaoui, H. Jebli, and F. Medina, “Microearthquake Seismicity and Fault Plane Solutions around the Nekor Strike-Slip Fault, Morocco,” Earth Planet Scientific Letters, Vol. 120, No. 1-2, 1993, pp. 31-41.

[18]   T. R. Paradise, “Perception of Earthquake Risk in Agadir, Morocco: A Case Study from a Muslim Community”. Enviromental Hazards, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2005, pp. 167-180. HHUdoi:10.1016/j.hazards.2006.06.002U

[19]   C. G. Jung, “The Writings of Carl Jung,” Modern Library, New York, 1959.

[20]   G. F. White, “Choice of Adjustment to Floods,” University of Chicago, Chicago, 1964.

[21]   R. W. Kates, “Hazard and Choice Perception in Flood Plain Management,” University of Chicago, Chicago, 1962.

[22]   T. R. Paradise, “Earthquakes and Islam: Case Studies from Morocco,” Journal of Islamic Law & Culture, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2008, pp. 216-233.

[23]   T. R. Lee, “The Public’s Perception of Risk and the Question of Irrationality,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Vol. 376, No. 1764, 1981, pp. 5-16.

[24]   E. A. Rosa, “The Logical Structure of the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF): Meta-theoretical Foundations and Policy Implications,” In: N. Pidgeon, R. Kasperson and P. Slovic, Eds., The Social Amplification of Risk, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003, pp. 47-79. HHUdoi:10.1017/CBO9780511550461.003U

[25]   P. Slovic, B. Fischoff, S. Lichtenstein, B. Corrigan and B. Combs, “Preferences for Insuring against Probable Small Losses: Insurance Implications,” The Journal of Risk and Insurance, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1977, pp. 237-258.

[26]   K. Dake, “Orienting Dispositions in the Perception of Risk: An Analysis of Contemporary Worldviews and Cultural Biases,” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1991, pp. 61-82. HHUdoi:10.1177/0022022191221006U

[27]   C. E. Haque, “Human Adjustments to River Bank Erosion Hazard in the Jamuna Floodplain, Bangladesh,” Human Ecology, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1988. pp. 421-437.

[28]   R. R. McCrae and P. T. Costa, “Openness to Experience” In: R. Hogan and W. H. Jones, Eds., Perspectives in Personality, JAI Press, Greenwich, 1985, pp. 145-177.

[29]   W. H. Ittelson, “Visual Space Perception,” Springer, Oxford, 1960.

[30]   B. Hartmann and J. K. Boyce, “Needless Hunger: Voices from a Bangladesh Village,” Institute for Food and Development Policy, San Francisco, 1979.

[31]   K. Hewitt, “Regions of Risk: A Geographical Introduction to Disasters,” Longman, Harlow, 1997.

[32]   F. Heider, “The Psychology of Interpersonal Relationships,” John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, 1958. HHUdoi:10.1037/10628-000U

[33]   A. Armigliato and S. Tinti, “Influence of Topography on Co-Seismic Displacements Induced by Friuli 1976 and Irpinia 1980 Earthquakes” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108. No. 2552, 2003, 15 ps.

[34]   “The Earthquake in Turkey,” 2012.

[35]   K. Baig, “Perspective on Turkish Earthquake: Test, Punishment or Blessing?” 2012.

[36]   “Why Are There So Many Earthquakes?”

[37]   F. J. Fowler, K. M. Coppola and J. M. Teno, “Methodological Challenges for Measuring Quality of Care at the End-of-Life,” Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1999, pp. 114-119.

[38]   F. Bendimerad, “The 21 May 2003 Boumerdes Earthquake Lessons Learned and Recommendations,” Proceedings from the 13th World Congress on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, 1-6 August 2004, pp. 9001.

[39]   H. Fabrega, “Culture and Illness,” In: A. J. Marsella and G. M. White, Eds., Cultural Conceptions of Mental Health and Therapy, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1982, pp. 36-38.

[40]   B. Mills, J. Andrey, J. Yessis and D. Boyd, “The Urban Environment as Hazard Source and Sink,” Environments, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2001, pp. 17-38.

[41]   S. Opricovic and G.-H. Tzeng, “Multicriteria Planning of Post-Earthquake Sustainable Reconstruction,” Computer- Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2002, pp. 211-220. HHUdoi:10.1111/1467-8667.00269U

[42]   D. J. Gerner and J. Schwedler, “Understanding the Contemporary Middle East,” Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boul- der, 2004.

[43]   Arabic News. “King Mohammed Launches Social, Economic Projects in Agadir,” 2001.

[44]   S. Neiman, “Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History to Philosophy,” Princeton University Press, Princeton & Oxford, 2002.

[45]   S. W. Havelick, “Third World Cities at Risk: Building for Calamity,” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 28, No. 9, 1986, pp. 6-45.

[46]   H. D. Nelson, “Morocco a Country Study,” Foreign Area Studies the American University, Washington DC, 1985.

[47]   Moroccan Ministry of Economy, Finance, Privatization and Tourism (MME), “Sector Logistics of the Moroccan Economy,” 2002.