ABSTRACT Sensor networks are vulnerable to many attacks because the sensor networks operate in open environments. It is easy to incur one or more attacks such as a selective forwarding attack, a false report injection attack. It is hard to defend the sensor network from the multiple attacks through existing security methods. Thus, we suggest an energy-efficient security method in order to detect the multiple attacks. This paper presents a security method to detect the false report injection attack and the selective forwarding attack in the sensor network using a new message type. The message type is a filtering message. The filtering message prevents from generating and forwarding false alert messages. We evaluated performance of our proposed method through a simulation in comparison with an application of SEF (statistical enroute filtering scheme) and CHEMAS (Check point-based Multi-hop Acknowledgement Scheme). The simulation results represent that the proposed method is 10% more energy-efficient than the application when the number of false reports is great while retaining the detection performance.
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