Back
 APE  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2012
The Development and Rasch Calibration of a Scale to Measure Coordinative Motor Skills in Typically Developing Children
Abstract: The purposes of this study were to propose and calibrate an instrument based on systematic observation intended to measure coordinative motor skills in typically developing children. The instrument, called the Coordinative Motor Skills Scale (CMSS), was administered to 96 third grade children (50% females, mean age = 8.4, SD = 0.4) from primary schools in northwest Italy. Data were analyzed employing the base Rasch model for dichotomous items (Rasch, 1960/1980). The Rasch analysis showed that the measure of coordinative motor skills is unidimensional and that the instrument was correctly targeted to the level of ability of the participants. Overall, CMSS was demonstrated to be suitable for assessing coordinative motor skills in normally developing children.
Cite this paper: Bardaglio, G. , Settanni, M. , Marasso, D. , Musella, G. & Ciairano, S. (2012). The Development and Rasch Calibration of a Scale to Measure Coordinative Motor Skills in Typically Developing Children. Advances in Physical Education, 2, 88-94. doi: 10.4236/ape.2012.23016.
References

[1]   Aureli, T. (1997). L’osservazione del comportamento del bambino (The observation of the child’s behavior). Bologna, IT: Il Mulino.

[2]   Blume, D. D. (1981). Kennzeichnung Koordinativer F?higkeiten und M?glichkeiten ihrer Herausbildung im Trainingprozess. In W. Starosta (Ed.), The importance of movement co-ordination, its structure and the hierarchy of integrant elements in sport and physical education (pp. 14-88). Roma: Centro Studi & Ricerche, Federazione Italiana di Atletica Leggera.

[3]   Bond, T. G., & Fox, C. M. (2007). Applying the Rasch model: Fundamental measurement in the human sciences (2nd ed.). London: Lawrence Erlbaum.

[4]   Brown, T., & Lalor, A. (2009). The movement assessment battery for children-second edition (MABC-2): A review and critique. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 29, 86-103. doi:10.1080/01942630802574908

[5]   Chien, C. W., & Bond, T. G. (2009). Measurement properties of fine motor scale of Peabody developmental motor scales-second edition: A Rasch analysis. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 88, 376-386. doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e318198a7c9

[6]   D’Odorico, L. (1990). L’osservazione del comportamento infantile (The observation of child behavior). Milano, IT: Cortina.

[7]   Embretson, S. E., & Reise, S. P. (2000). Item response theory for psychologists. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

[8]   Evaggelinou, C., Tsigilis, N., & Papa, A. (2002). Construct validity of the test of gross motor development: A cross-validation approach. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 19, 483-495.

[9]   Gallahue, D. L. (1982). Understanding motor development in children. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

[10]   Gentile, A. M. (2000). Skill acquisition: Action, movement, and neuromotor processes. In J. H. Carr, & R. D. Shepherd (Eds.), Movement science: Foundations for physical therapy (2nd ed., pp. 111-187). Rockville, MD: Aspen.

[11]   Hartman, E., Houwen, S., Scherder, E., & Visscher, C. (2010). On the relationship between motor performance and executive functioning in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54, 468-477. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01284.x

[12]   Henderson, S.E., & Sugden, D.A. (1992). Movement assesment battery for children. Sidcup, Kent: Therapy Skill Builders.

[13]   Hirtz, P., & Starosta, W. (2002). Sensitive and critical periods of motor co-ordination development and its relation to motor learning. Journal of Human Kinetics, 7, 19-28.

[14]   Hung, W. W., & Pang, M. Y. (2010). Effects of group-based versus individual-based exercise training on motor performance in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled study. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 42, 122-128. doi:10.2340/16501977-0496

[15]   ISTAT (2005). Lo sport che cambia. I comportamenti emergenti e le nuove tendenze della pratica sportiva in Italia. The sport is changing. The emerging behavior and new trends of sport in Italy. Roma, IT: ISTAT.

[16]   ISTAT (2010). Annuario statistico italiano 2010 (Italian statistical year book 2010). Roma, IT: ISTAT.

[17]   Klepp, K. I., Oygard, L., Tell Grethe, S., & Vellar Odd, D. (1994). Twelve year follow-up of a school-based health education programme. European Journal of Public Health, 4, 195-200. doi:10.1093/eurpub/4.3.195

[18]   Lee, M., Zhu, W., & Ulrich D. A. (2005). Many-faceted rasch calibration of TGMD-2. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 116.

[19]   Linacre, J. M. (2005). A user’s guide to Winsteps/Ministeps Raschmodel programs. Chicago, IL: MESA Press.

[20]   Lombardozzi, A., Musella, G., Balducci, F., & Barigelli, E. (2001). Giochi sportivi (Sports games). Padova, IT: Piccin Nuova Libraria S.p.a.

[21]   Marasso, D. (2009). La complessità della valutazione oggettiva nel gesto motorio (The complexity of the objective evaluation of the motor gesture). Torino, IT: Author.

[22]   Myers, N. D., Wolfe, E. W., Feltz, D. L., & Penfield, R. D. (2006). Identifying Differential Item Functioning of Rating Scale Items with the Rasch Model: An Introduction and an Application. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 10, 215-240. doi:10.1207/s15327841mpee1004_1

[23]   National Italian Guidelines on Education (2007). Indicazioni per il curricolo—Per la scuola dell’infanzia e per il primo ciclo d’istruzione. Indications for the curriculum—For school children and for the first cycle of education. Roma, IT: Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione.

[24]   Piaget, J. (1964). Six études de psychologie (Six psychological studies). Paris: Folio Essays.

[25]   Rasch, G. (1960). Probabilistic model for some intelligence and achievement tests. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Educational Research.

[26]   Rasch, G. (1980). Probabilistic model for some intelligence and achievement tests. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

[27]   Slater, L. M., Hillier, S. L., & Civetta, L. R. (2010). The clinimetric properties of performance-based gross motor tests used for children with developmental coordination disorder: A systematic review. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 22, 170-179. doi:10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181dbeff0

[28]   Staples, K. L., & Reid, G. (2010). Fundamental movement skills and autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism Development Disorder, 40, 209-217. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0854-9

[29]   Starosta, W. (1989). Poziom koordynacji ruchowej u finalistów Ogólnopolskiej spartakiady Mlodzie?y. In W. Starosta (Ed.), The importance of movement co-ordination, its structure and the hierarchy of integrant elements in sport and physical education (pp. 14-88). Roma: Centro Studi & Ricerche, Federazione Italiana di Atletica Leggera.

[30]   Starosta, W. (2000). Osnowni koordinacionni sposobnosti, struktura i znaczenie za postizenieto w turnirnite sportni tanci. In W. Starosta (Ed.), The importance of movement co-ordination, its structure and the hierarchy of integrant elements in sport and physical education (pp. 14-88). Roma: Centro Studi & Ricerche, Federazione Italiana di Atletica Leggera.

[31]   Ulrich, D. A. (1985). Test of gross motor development. Austin, TX: Pro-ED. Inc.

[32]   Ulrich, D.A. (2000). Test of gross motor development: Examiner’s manual (2nd ed). Austin, TX: Pro-ED. Inc.

[33]   Van Waelvelde, H., Peersman, W. Lenoir, M., & Engelsman, B. C. (2007). Convergent validity between two motor tests: Movement-ABC and PDMS-2. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 24, 59-69.

[34]   Vuijk, P. J., Hartman, E., Scherder, E., & Visscher, C. (2010). Motor performance of children with mild intellectual disability and borderline intellectual functioning. Journal of Intellectual disability Research, 54, 955-965. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01318.x

[35]   Weineck, J. (2009). L’allenamento ottimale (The optimal training). Perugia, IT: Calzetti e Mariucci.

[36]   Wright, B. D., & Linacre, J. M. (1994). Reasonable mean-square fit values. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 8, 370-371.

[37]   Wuang, Y. P., Lin, Y. H., & Su, C.Y. (2009). Rasch analysis of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency—Second Edition in intellectual disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30, 1132-1144. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2009.03.003

[38]   Zhu, W., & Cole, E. L., (1996). Many-faceted Rasch calibration of a gross motor instrument. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67, 24-34.

 
 
Top