OJOph  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2012
Endogenous Endophthalmitis Associated with Facial Cellulitis After a Tongue Bite
ABSTRACT
Endogenous endophthalmitis is an intraocular infection that results from hematogenous spread of organisms from a distant source of infection. Facial cellulitis is rarely reported as a focus of infection. We report a case of 51-year-old unconscious woman presenting with fever, facial swelling, and decreased visual acuity secondary to facial cellulitis, endogenous endophthalmitis and end-stage renal disease(ESRD). Generally systemic antibiotics in endophthalmitis have low efficacy because of the blood-ocular barrier. The management of endophthalmitis begins with intravitreal antibiotic injections and if the response is not favorable to do a vitrectomy. Twelve hours after the intravitreal antibiotic injection, vitrectomy was considered because of worsening of the vitreal cloudiness. However, the patient's general medical condition precluded vitrectomy. We experienced successful treatment with intravitreal antibiotic injection and continuous intravenous antibiotic administration because of the breakdown of the blood-ocular barrier due to ocular inflammation, especially in the setting of systemic vascular and fluid homeostatic changes.

Cite this paper
M. Ho Kang, M. Seong, J. Hak Lee and H. Yoon Cho, "Endogenous Endophthalmitis Associated with Facial Cellulitis After a Tongue Bite," Open Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 85-88. doi: 10.4236/ojoph.2012.23018.
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