ABC  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2012
Peculiarities of CO2 exchange in soybean genotypes contrasting in grain yield
Abstract: The peculiarities of leaf carbon dioxide gas exchange in soybean genotypes grown in field over a large area and contrasting in duration of vegetation, photosynthetic traits and productivity were studied. Varietal differences in the daily and ontogenetic changes in photosynthesis and photorespiration were identified. It was established that the period of the high activity of photosynthetic apparatus in high productive soybean genotypes lasts for a longer time. The photosynthetic rate and the rate of CO2 release in light due to photorespiration are higher in high productive genotypes. A value of photorespiration in contrasting soybean genotypes constitutes about 28% - 35% of photosynthetic rate. The ratio of gross photosynthesis to photorespiration in genotypes with different productivity is constant enough during ontogenesis, indicating a direct positive correlation between gross photosynthesis and photorespiration. Therefore, contrary to conception arisen during many years on the waste-fulness of photorespiration, taking into account the versatile investigations on different aspects of photo-respiration, it was proved that photorespiration is one of the evolutionarily developed vital metabolic processes in plants and the attempts to reduce this process with the purpose of increasing the crop productivity are inconsistent.
Cite this paper: Aliyev, J. (2012) Peculiarities of CO2 exchange in soybean genotypes contrasting in grain yield. Advances in Biological Chemistry, 2, 315-322. doi: 10.4236/abc.2012.23039.

[1]   Aliyev, J.A. and Akperov, Z.I. (1995) Photosynthesis and soybean grain yield. Rodnik, Moscow, Baku (in Russian).

[2]   Aliyev, J.A. and Akperov, Z.I. (1998) Fotosinteza ?i re- colta de soia. ?tininta, Chi?ina.

[3]   Ososki, A.L. and Kennelly, E.J. (2003) Phytoestrogens: A review of the present state of research. Phytotherapy Research, 17, 84-869. doi:10.1002/ptr.1364

[4]   Pimentel, D. and Patzek, T. (2008) Ethanol production using corn, switchgrass and wood; biodiesel production using soybean. In: Pimentel, D., Ed., Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems, Springer, New York, 373-394. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8654-0_15

[5]   Sakai, T. and Kogiso, M. (2008) Soy is of flavones an immunity. Journal of Medical Investigation, 55, 176-173. doi:10.2152/jmi.55.167

[6]   Burris, R.H. and Roberts, G.P. (1993) Biological nitrogen fixation. Annual Review of Nutrition, 13, 317-335. doi:10.1146/

[7]   Soy Stats (2010)

[8]   Friedman, M. and Brandon, D.L. (2001) Nutritional and health benefits of soy proteins. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49, 1069-1086. doi:10.1021/jf0009246

[9]   Sharkey, T.D. (1988) Estimating the rate of photorespiration in leaves. Physiologia Plantarum, 73, 147-152. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.1988.tb09205.x

[10]   Zelitch, I. (1971) Photosynthesis, photorespiration, and plant productivity. Academical Press, New York, London.

[11]   Zelitch, I. (1975) Improving the efficiency of photosynthesis. Science, 188, 626-633. doi:10.1126/science.188.4188.626

[12]   Ogren, W.L. (1975) Control of photorespiration in soybean and mаize. In: Marchelle, R., Ed., Environmental and Biological Control of Photosynthesis, W. Junk, The Hague, 45-52. doi:10.1007/978-94-010-1957-6_5

[13]   Ogren, W.L. (1976) Search for higher plants with modifications of the reductive pentose phosphate pathway of CO2 assimilation. In: Burris, R.H. and Black, C.C., Eds., CO2 Metabolism and Plant Productivity, University Park Press, Baltimore, 19-29.

[14]   Chollet, R. and Ogren, W.L. (1975) Regulation of photorespiration in C3 and C4 species. Botanical Review, 41, 137-179. doi:10.1007/BF02860828

[15]   Holaday, A.S. and Chollet, R. (1984) Photosyn?thetic/ photorespiratory characteristics of C3-C4 intermediate species. Photosynthesis Research, 5, 307-323. doi:10.1007/BF00034976

[16]   Peterhansel, C. and Maurino V.G. (2011) Photorespiration redesigned. Plant Physiology, 155, 49-55. doi:10.1104/pp.110.165019

[17]   Zelitch, I. (1992) Control of plant productivity by regulation of photorespiration. BioScience, 42, 510-516. doi:10.2307/1311881

[18]   Servaites, J.C. and Ogren, W.L. (1977) Chemical inhibition of the glycolate pathway in soybean leaf cells. Plant Physiology, 60, 461-466. doi:10.1104/pp.60.4.461

[19]   Kebeish, R., Niessen, M., Thiruveedhi, K., Bari, R., Hirsch, H.-J., Rosenkranz, R., St?bler, N., Sch?nfeld, B., Kreuzaler, F. and Peterhansel, C. (2007) Chloroplastic photorespiratory bypass increases photosynthesis and biomass production in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature Biotechnology, 25, 593-599. doi:10.1038/nbt1299

[20]   Maurino, V.G. and Peterhansel, C. (2010) Photorespiration: Current status and approaches for metabolic engineering. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 13, 249-256. doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2010.01.006

[21]   Aliev, J.A., Guliev, N.M., Kerimov, S.Kh. and Hidayatov, R.B. (1988) Enzymes of the primary СО2 fixation in flag leaf ontogenesis of wheat genotypes. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaijanskoj SSR, 4, 12-20 (in Russian).

[22]   Aliev, J.A., Guliev, N.M., Kerimov, S.Kh. and Hidayatov, R.B. (1996) Photosynthetic enzymes of wheat genotypes differing in productivity. Photosynthetica, 32, 77-85.

[23]   Anonym (1978) Guidelines on soybean cultivation on irrigated lands in the Northern Caucasus. Krasnodar, 19 (in Russian).

[24]   Aliyev, J.A., Akperov, Z.I. and Nabiyev, M.H. (1981) Soybean cultivation under irrigation conditions of Azerbaijan SSR (Guidelines). Baku (in Russian).

[25]   Aliyev, J.A., Akperov, Z.I. and Nabiyev, M.H. (1982) Soybean cultivation in irrigated lands of Azerbaijan SSR. Azerneshr, Baku (in Russian).

[26]   Aliyev, J.A. and Akperov, Z.I. (1985) Dinamics of sowing structure and photosynthetical traits of soybean genotypes. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaijanskoj SSR, 3, 3-10 (in Russian).

[27]   Mirzoyev, R.S. (1990) CO2 gas exchange of soybean genotypes different in photosynthetic traits and productivity. Ph.D. thesis, Baku (in Russian).

[28]   Aliyev, J.A. and Akperov, Z.I. (1986) Conception on ideal soybean. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaijanskoj SSR, 2, 3-11 (in Russian).

[29]   Aliev, D.A., Kerimov, S.Kh., Guliev, N.M. and Akhmedov, A.A. (1996) Carbon metabolism in wheat genotypes with contrasting photosynthetic characteristics. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 43, 42-48.

[30]   Aliyev, J.A., Akhmedov, A.A. and Mirzoyev, R.S. (1992) Dinamics of CO2 gas exchange in leaves of soybean in field. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaijanskoj SSR, 1-6, 76-82 (in Russian).

[31]   Voznesensky, V.L. (1977) Photosynthesis of desert plants. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).

[32]   Karpushkin, L.T. (1971) The use of infrared gas analyser to study CO2 gas exchange in plants. In: Molotkovskiy, Yu.G., Ed., Biophysical Methods in Plant Physiology, Nauka, Moscow, 44-71 (in Russian).

[33]   Akhmedov, G.A. (1986) СО2 exchange in wheat ontogenesis depending on phenotypic traits, growth conditions and photosynthetic productivity. Ph.D. Thesis, Baku (in Russian).

[34]   ?esták, Z., Jarvis, P.G. and Catsky, J. (1971) Criteria for the selection of suitable methods. In: ?esták, Z., Jarvis, P.G. and Catsky, J., Eds., Plant Photosynthetic Production. Manual of Methods, W. Junk Publishing Co, The Hague, 1-48.

[35]   Tooming, H.G. and Gulyayev, B.I. (1967) Methods of measurement of photosynthetically active radiation. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).

[36]   Dospekhov, B.A. (1985) Methods of field experience. Agropromizdat, Moscow (in Russian).

[37]   Mirzoyev, R.S. (1988) Seasonal variations of photosynthesis intensity of various soybean genotypes. Proceedings of IV Republic Conference, Baku, Azerbaijan, 78 (in Russian).

[38]   Mirzoyev, R.S. (1988) CO2 gas exchange and photosynthetic traits of various soybean genotypes. Proceedings of Republic Conference of Young Scientists, Tbilisi, Georgia, 38 (in Russian).

[39]   Akperov, Z.I. and Mirzoyev, R.S. (1990) Photosynthetic traits of various soybean genotypes contrast in grain yield. Vestnik selskokhozaystvennoy nauki AzSSR, 2, 6-9 (in Russian).

[40]   Aliyev, J.A. (1998) Importance of photo?syn?the?sis of various organs in protein synthesis in gra?in of wheat genotypes under water stress. Proceedings of the XIth International Congress on Photosynthesis, 4, 3171-3174

[41]   Aliyev, J.A. (2001) Diversity of photo?syn??the?tic activity of organs of wheat genotypes and breeding of high- yielding varieties tolerant to w?ater stress. Proceedings of the 12th In??ter?national Congress on Photosyn?thesis, Brisbane.

[42]   Aliyev, J.A. (2004) CO2 assimilation, architectonics and productivity of wheat genotypes in sowing. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Photosynthesis, 2, 1047-1048.

[43]   Aliyev, J.A. (2007) The intensity of CO2 assimilation, photorespiration and productivity of wheat genotypes Triticum L. Abstracts of the 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis, 91, 278.

[44]   Aliyev, J.A. (2012) Photosynthesis, photorespiration and productivity of wheat and soybean genotypes. Physiologia Plantarum, 145, 369-383. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01613.x