JMP  Vol.3 No.8 , August 2012
Three-Photon Absorption in Zno Film Using Ultra Short Pulse Laser
ABSTRACT
The three-photon absorption (3PA) in nanostructure wide-band gap ZnO semiconductor material is observed under high intensity femtosecond Titanium-Sapphire laser of 800 nm wavelength excitation. The ZnO film was prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis technique with substrate temperature of 400℃. The optical properties concerning the absorp-tion, transmission, reflection, Raman and the photoluminescence spectra are studied for the prepared film. The structure of the ZnO film was tested with the X-Ray diffraction and it was found to be a polycrystalline with recognized peaks oriented in (002), and (102). The measured of three photon absorption coefficient was found to be about 0.0166 cm3/Gwatt2, which is about five times higher than the bulk value. The fully computerized z-scan system was used to measure the nonlinear coefficients from the Gaussian fit of the transmitted laser incident.

Cite this paper
R. Jamal, M. Hussein and A. Suhail, "Three-Photon Absorption in Zno Film Using Ultra Short Pulse Laser," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2012, pp. 856-864. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.38112.
References
[1]   Y. W. Zhu, et al., “Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Beaded with ZnO nanoparticles for Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Switching,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 18, No. 5, 2006, pp. 587-592. Hdoi:10.1002/adma.200501918

[2]   K. Ramanathan, J. Keane and R. Noufi, “Properties of High-Efficiency CIGS Thin-Film Solar Cells,” NREL/CP, Vol. 520, 2005, Article ID 37404.

[3]   C. L. Rhodes, S. Lappi, D. Fischer, S. Sambasivan, J. Genzer and S. Franzen, “Characterization of Monolayer Formation on Aluminum-Doped ZincOxide Thin Films,” American Chemical Society, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2008, pp. 433-440.

[4]   H. Li, et al., “Microstructural Study of MBE-Grown ZnO Film on GaN/Sapphire (0001) Substrate,” Central European Journal of Physics, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2008, pp. 638-642. doi:10.2478/s11534-008-0032-2

[5]   T. Sato, et al., “Production of Transition Metal-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles by Using RF Plasma Field,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 275, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 983-987. Hdoi:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.11.152

[6]   S. Singh and M. S. R. Rao, “Structure and Physical Pro- perties of Undoped ZnO and Vanadium Doped ZnO Films Deposited by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Journal Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2007, pp. 2575-2577.

[7]   ü. ?zgür, et al., “A Comprehensive Review of ZnO Materials and Devices,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, No. 4, 2005, Article ID 041301. Hdoi:10.1063/1.1992666

[8]   J.-H. Lin, et al., “Two-Photon Resonance Assisted Huge Nonlinear Refraction and Absorption in ZnO Thin Films Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, No. 3, 2005, Article ID 033526. doi:10.1063/1.1848192

[9]   S. J. Bentley, et al., “Three-Photon Absorption for Nano- second Excitation in Cadmium Selenide Quantum Dots,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 46, No. 12, 2007, Article ID 128003. Hdoi:10.1117/1.2823156

[10]   E. W. Van Stryiand, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said and D. J. Hagan, “Characterization of Nonlinear Optical Absorp- tion and Refraction,” Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials, Vol. 27, No. 3-4, 1993, pp. 279-311. Hdoi:10.1016/0960-8974(93)90026-Z

[11]   J. He, W. Ji and J. Mi, “Three-Photon Absorption in Wa- ter-Soluble ZnS Nanocrystal,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, No. 18, 2006, Article ID 181114. doi:10.1063/1.2198823

[12]   B. Gu, et al., “Three-Photon Absorption Saturation in ZnO and ZnS Crystals,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, No. 7, 2008, Article ID 073105.doi:10.1063/1.2903576

[13]   S. Pearl, et al., “Three Photon Absorption in Silicon for 2300 - 3300 nm,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 93, No. 13, 2008, Article ID 131102. Hdoi:10.1063/1.2991446

[14]   A. Penzkofer and W. Falkenstein, “Three Photon Absorp- tion and Subsequent Excited-State Absorption in CdS,” Optics Communications, Vol. 16, 1976, pp. 247-250.

[15]   M. G. Vivas, T. Shih, T. Voss, E. Mazur and C. R. Mendonca, “Nonlinear Spectra of ZnO: Reverse Saturable, Two- and Three-Photon Absorption,” Optics Express, Vol. 18, No. 9, 2010, pp. 9628-9633. Hdoi:10.1364/OE.18.009628

[16]   A M. Suhail, H. J. Kbashi and R. K. Jamal, “Three-Pho- ton Absorption in Nanostructure Wide-Band Gap Semiconductor ZnO Using Femtosecond Laser,” Modern Applied Science, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2011, pp. 199-210. Hdoi:10.5539/mas.v5n6p199

[17]   M. R. Islam and J. Podde, “Optical Properties of ZnO Nanofiber Thin Film Grown by Spray Pyrolysis of Zinc Acetate Precursor,” Crystal Research and Technology, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2009, pp. 286-292. Hdoi:10.1002/crat.200800326

[18]   A. L. Patterson, “The Scherrer Formula for X-Ray Parti- cle Size Determination,” Physical Reviews, Vol. 56, No. 10, 1939, pp. 978-982. Hdoi:10.1103/PhysRev.56.978

[19]   K. Yim and C. Lee, “Optical Properties of Al-Doped ZnO Thin Films Deposited by Two Different Sputtering Me- thods,” Crystal Research and Technology, Vol. 41, No. 12, 2006, pp. 1198-1202. Hdoi:10.1002/crat.200610749

[20]   C. X. Xu, et al., “Growth and Spectral Analysis of ZnO Nanotubes,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, No. 9, 2006, Article ID 094303. Hdoi:10.1063/1.2908189

[21]   D. D. Wang, J. H. Yang, L. L. Yang, Y. J. Zhang, J. H. Lang and M. Gao, “Morphology and Photoluminescence Properties of ZnO Nanostructures Fabricated with Dif- ferent Given Time of Ar,” Crystal Research and Tech- nology, Vol. 43, No. 10, 2008, pp. 1041-1045. doi:10.1002/crat.200800109

[22]   K. Alim, V. A. Fonoberov, M. Shamsa and A. A. Balandin, “Micro-Raman Investigation of Optical Phonons in ZnO Quantum Dots,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, No. 12, 2005, Article ID 124313. Hdoi:10.1063/1.1944222

[23]   N. Ashkenov, B. N. Mbenkum, C. Bundesmann, V. Riede, M. Lorenz, D. Spenmann and E. M. Kaidashev, “Infrared Dielectric Functions and Phonon Modes of High-Quality ZnO Film,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 93, No. 1, 2003, pp. 126-133. Hdoi:10.1063/1.1526935H

[24]   H. Richer, Z. P. Wany, “The One Phone Raman Spectrum in Microcrystalline Silicon,” Solid State Communications, Vol. 39, No. 5, 1981, pp. 625-629. doi:10.1016/0038-1098(81)90337-9

[25]   I. H. Chambell and P. M. Fanchet, “Three Effects of Microcrystal Size and Shape on the One Phonon Raman Spectra of Crystalline Semiconductors,” Solid State Communications, Vol. 58, 1986, p. 739.

[26]   J. He, et al., “Three-Photon Absorption in ZnO and ZnS Crystals,” Optics Express, Vol. 13, 2005, pp. 9235-9247.

[27]   R. L. Sutherland, D. G. McLean and S. Kirkpatrick, “Handbook of Nonlinear Optics,” 2ond Edition, Reserved and Expanded, New York, 2003.

 
 
Top