OJPM  Vol.2 No.3 , August 2012
What determines walking of older people in their neighborhood?
ABSTRACT
Based on literature review and five focus groups, a model was analyzed describing individual, social environmental and physical environmental (perceived) determinants of walking by older people. Aim was to test whether these determinants were significantly associated with the duration of walking by older people (N = 567, 50 - 80 years) in a middle-sized Dutch town. Walking time was best predicted by attitude towards walking (partial correlation in model (partial r) 0.18; p < 0.05), social contacts (partial r 0.12, p < 0.05), perceived quality of life (partial r 0.21 p < 0.01), satisfaction with the demographics of the neighborhood (partial r - 0.14, p < 0.01), and walking outside the neighborhood (partial r 0.28 p < 0.01). The model explained 20% of the total variance in walking time. Conclusion is that individual and social determinants predicted the most variance in walking time and that perceived environmental determinants played only a minor role. Health promotion actions may benefit from these insights.

Cite this paper
Hopman-Rock, M. , Vries, S. , Bakker, I. and Ooijendijk, W. (2012) What determines walking of older people in their neighborhood?. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 279-286. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.23040.
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