OJSTA  Vol.1 No.2 , July 2012
Synthesis and Characterisation of Silver Nanoparticles in Different Medium
Silver nanoparticles were synthesized in different alcoholic medium such as ethylene glycol and n-butyl alcohol by solvothermal method. The nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by reducing silver nitrate with the above solvents in the presence of trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) as the capping agent at room temperature for 1 h. Electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and absorption spectra have been used to investigate the products, and the mechanism is proposed to interpret the controlled synthesis of the products. The results indicate that this approach provides a versatile route to prepare silver nanowires and nanoparticles with controllable diameters. The formation of nano products by this method is rapid, simple and stable.

Cite this paper
G. Alagumuthu and R. Kirubha, "Synthesis and Characterisation of Silver Nanoparticles in Different Medium," Open Journal of Synthesis Theory and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2012, pp. 13-17. doi: 10.4236/ojsta.2012.12003.
[1]   D. Jain, H. K. Daima, S. Kechhwaha and S. L. Kothani, “Synthesis of Plant-Mediated Silver Nanoparticle Using Papaya Fruit Extract and Evaluation of Their Antimicro-bial Activity,” Materials Science and Applications, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2009, p. 5573.

[2]   A. Henglein, “Physicochemical Properties of Small Metal Particles in Solution: ‘Microelectrode’ Reactions, Chemi-sorption, Composite Metal Particles, and the Atom-to- Metal Transition,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 97, No. 21, 1993, pp. 5457-5471. doi:10.1021/j100123a004

[3]   Y. A. Krutyakov, A. A. Kudringkii, A. Y. Olenim and G. V. Lisichkui, “Synthesis and Properties of Silver Nanopar- ticles: Advances and Prospects,” Russian Chemical Re-views, Vol. 77, No. 3, 2008, pp. 233-257. doi:10.1070/RC2008v077n03ABEH003751

[4]   A. Pal, S. Shah and S. Devi, “Preparation of Silver, Gold and Silver-Gold Bimetallic Nanoparticles in W/O Mi-croemulsion Containing TritonX-100,” Colloids and Sur-faces: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 302, No. 1-3, 2007, pp. 483-487.

[5]   J. Kasthuri, S. Veerapandian and N. Rajendran, “Biologi-cal Synthesis of Silver & Gold Nanoparticles Using Apiin as Reducing Agent,” Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointer-faces, Vol. 68, No. 1, 2009, pp. 55-60.

[6]   L. Balogh and D. A. Tomalia, “Poly(Amidoamine) Den-drimer-Templated Nanocomposites. 1. Synthesis of Ze-rovalent Copper Nanoclusters,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 120, No. 29, 1998, 7355-7356.

[7]   K. Patel, S. Kapoor, D. P. Daul and T. Murherjee, Jour-nal of Chemical Sciences, Vol. 117, No. 1, 2005, pp. 53- 60. doi:10.1007/BF02704361

[8]   J. J. Zhu, X. H. Liao, X. W. Zaho and H. Y. Hem, “Prepa- ration of Silver Nanorods by Electrochemical Methods,” Materials Letters, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2001, pp. 91-95. doi:10.1016/S0167-577X(00)00349-9

[9]   Y, G. Sun, B. Mayers, T. Herricks and Y. N. Xia, “Polyol Synthesis of Uniform Silver Nanowires,” Nanoletters, Vol. 3, No. 7, 2003, pp. 955-960.

[10]   Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun and Y. Wu, “One-Dimensional Nanostructures: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applica-tions,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 15, No. 5, 2003, pp. 353-389. doi:10.1002/adma.200390087

[11]   C. Chem, B. Yu, J. Liu, Q. Dai and Y. Zhu, “Investiga-tion of ZnO Films on Si<111> Substrate Grown by Low Energy O+ Assisted Pulse Laser Deposited Technology,” Materials Letters, Vol. 61, No. 14-15, 2006, pp. 2961- 2964. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2006.10.047

[12]   K. S. Ratidar, D. Patidar, Y. Janu and N. S. Saxena, “Structural and Optical Charcterization of Chemically Syn- thesized ZnS Nanoparticles,” Calcogenide Letters, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2008, pp. 105-110.

[13]   G. P. Jushi, N. S. Saxena, T. P. Sharma, Y. Dixit and S. C. K. Mishra, “Bandgap Determination of Chemically Doped Polyaniline Materials from Reflectance Measurements,” Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, Vol. 41. No. 6, 2003, pp. 462-465.

[14]   M. de Dios a, F. Barroso, C. Tojoa, M.C. Blanco and M. A. L’opez-Quintela, “Effects of the Reaction Rate on the Size Control of Nanoparticles Synthesized in Microemul-sions,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engi- neering Aspects, Vol. 270-271, 2005, pp. 83-87.

[15]   X. Lu, T.Hanrath, K. P. Johnton and B. A. Kargel, “Growth of Single Crystal Silicon Nanowires in Super-critical Solution from Tethered Gold Particles on a Sili-con Substrate,” Nano Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2003, pp. 93- 99. doi:10.1021/nl0202307