ABSTRACT Manganese minerals are widely distributed throughout the globe. The most important industrial uses of Mn are in the manufacture of steel, non-ferrous alloys, carbon-zinc batteries and some chemical reagents. Microbial recovery of manganese from low grade manganese ores using bioleaching was investigated in this paper. A bacterial strain, Staphylococcus epidermidis (MTCC-435) was collected from microbial type culture collection, IMTECH Chandigarh and used for the experiment. The experimental results for bioleaching with S. epidermidis showed that under pH 5.5, particle size –150 μm, pulp density 10%, temperature 35℃ and agitation 200 rpm, about 80% of Mn was recovered within 20 days of incubation.
Cite this paper
Das, A. , Sukla, L. and Pradhan, N. (2012) Microbial Recovery of Manganese using Staphylococcus Epidermidis. International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy, 1, 9-12. doi: 10.4236/ijnm.2012.12002.
 Xin, B.P., Zhang, D., Zhang, X., Feng, W., Li, L. (2009) Bioleaching mechanism of Co and Li from spent lithiumion battery by the mixed culture of acidophilic sulfur oxidizing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Bioresource. Technology, 100, 6163–6169.
 Acharya, C., Kar, R.N., Sukla, L.B. (2003) Studies on reaction mechanism of bioleaching of manganese ore, Minerals Engineering, 16, 1027–1030.
 Das, A.P., Sukla, L.B., Pradhan, N., Nayak, S. (2011) Manganese biomining: A review, Bioresource Technology, 102, 7381–7387.
 Xia, J.L., Yang, Y., He, H., Zhao, X.J., Liang, C.L., Zheng, L., Ma, C.Y., Zhao, Y.D., Nie, Z.Y., Qiu, G.Z. (2011) Sulfur oxidation activities of pure and mixed thermophiles and sulfur speciation in bioleaching of chalcopyrite. Bioresource Technology, 102, 3877–3882.
 Zhou, H.B., Zeng, W.M., Yang, Z.F., Xie, Y.J., Qiu, G.Z. (2009) Bioleaching of chalcopyrite concentrate by a moderately thermophilic culture in a stirred tank reactor. Bioresource Technology, 100, 515–520.
 Bosecker, K. (1997) Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms. FEMS Microbiol. Rev, 20,591-604.
 Huang, Y.X., Cao JB, Li, X.M., Yang, Q., Huang, H.J., Liu, X., Yang, H. (2010) Study on the bioleaching mechanism of manganse (II) from manganese-electrolytic residue by manganese-resistant strain Fusarium sp. Huan Jing Ke Xue, 32, 2703-9.
 Flavio, L.S., Cruz Victor, A., Adelson, D., Versiane, A. (2010) High-temperature bioleaching of nickel sulfides: thermodynamic and kinetic implications. Hydrometallurgy, 105,103-109.