ABSTRACT As the Internet offers increased connectivity between human beings, it has fallen prey to malicious users who exploit its resources to gain illegal access to critical information. In an effort to protect computer networks from external attacks, two common types of Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) are often deployed. The first type is signature-based IDSs which can detect intrusions efficiently by scanning network packets and comparing them with human-generated signatures describing previously-observed attacks. The second type is anomaly-based IDSs able to detect new attacks through modeling normal network traffic without the need for a human expert. Despite this advantage, anomaly-based IDSs are limited by a high false-alarm rate and difficulty detecting network attacks attempting to blend in with normal traffic. In this study, we propose a StreamPreDeCon anomaly-based IDS. StreamPreDeCon is an extension of the preference subspace clustering algorithm PreDeCon designed to resolve some of the challenges associated with anomalous packet detection. Using network packets extracted from the first week of the DARPA '99 intrusion detection evaluation dataset combined with Generic Http, Shellcode and CLET attacks, our IDS achieved 94.4% sensitivity and 0.726% false positives in a best case scenario. To measure the overall effectiveness of the IDS, the average sensitivity and false positive rates were calculated for both the maximum sensitivity and the minimum false positive rate. With the maximum sensitivity, the IDS had 80% sensitivity and 9% false positives on average. The IDS also averaged 63% sensitivity with a 0.4% false positive rate when the minimal number of false positives is needed. These rates are an improvement on results found in a previous study as the sensitivity rate in general increased while the false positive rate decreased.
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