JMMCE  Vol.11 No.5 , May 2012
Incorporation of Acetoacetanilide Crystals in Host PMMA Polymer Matrix and Characterizations of the Hybrid Composite
ABSTRACT
Blending of polymer with organic/inorganic material has given a new direction for developing novel materials. This is an easy and inexpensive method of modifying various properties of the individual materials and composites. The aim of the present work is an attempt to incorporate crystals in polymer host and investigate the effect, on optical properties of the of polymer- crystal combine. In this paper a novel technique of incorporating inorganic/organic crystal in a host polymer matrix is reported. Crystals of acetoacetanilide (AA) are grown in the host Poly Methyl Methacrelate (PMMA) by simple evaporation technique. The scanning electron micrograph (SEM) studies reveal the growth of Acetoacetanilide crystals of varying sizes and shapes (flakes) in prepared samples. The results are confirmed by various spectroscopic characterization studies such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and the UV-Vis spectroscopy. The investigations carried out, show a change in optical absorption band edge which is attributed due to change in band gap because of crystal sizes.

Cite this paper
S. Prabhu and B. Pattabi, "Incorporation of Acetoacetanilide Crystals in Host PMMA Polymer Matrix and Characterizations of the Hybrid Composite," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 5, 2012, pp. 519-527. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.115037.
References
[1]   Golden J.H., Deng H.B., Disalvo F.J et al., 1995, “ Monodisperse 10 ? diameter metal clusters in a polymeric host”. Science, Vol. 268, PP. 1463-1466.

[2]   Zhuang W., Zhang J. H., Liu J., et al., 2008, “Preparation and characterization of nanoTiO2/polylactide composites.Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica”. Vol. 25, No. 3, PP. 8-11.

[3]   Dong X.T., Zhang L., Zhang W., et al., 2001, “Preparation and characterization of nanometer-sized CeO2 polystyrene hybrid material”. Acta Phys.Chim, Vol. 17, No. 8, PP. 739-742.

[4]   Zhang Y., Zhou G. E., Li L. et al., 1998, “ Preparation and structure of monodispersed naono-TiO2/PMMA materials”. Chin. J. Mater. Res., Vol. 12, No. 3, PP. 291-294.

[5]   Dong X.T., Sun J., Liu G. X., et al., 2003, “Preparation and characterization of nanometer-sized CeO2/PMMA hybrid material”. Acta. Chim. Sin., Vol. 61, No. 1, PP. 122-125.

[6]   D.S. Chemla and J. Zyss, : Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals. vol. 1 and 2, Academic Press, Orlando (1998)

[7]   Feroz A. Mir, 2010, “Structural and Optical Properties of ZnS Nanocrystals embedded in Polycrylamide”, Journal of Optoelectronics and Biomedical Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 79 – 84.

[8]   S. Srivastava, M. Haridas and J.K. Basu, 2008, “Optical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites”, Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 213–217.

[9]   N. Raman, Y. Pitchaikani Raja, A. Kulandaisami, 2001, “Synthesis and characterisation of Cu(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II) and VO(II) Schiff base complexes derived from o-phenylenediamine and acetoacetanilide”, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Chem. Sci.), Vol. 113, No. 3, pp. 183–189.

[10]   Xiao-Dong Ma, Xue-Feng Qian, Jie Yin and Zi-Kang Zhu, 2002, “Preparation and characterization of polyvinyl alcohol–selenide nanocomposites at room temperature”. J.Mater.Chem., Vol. 12, pp. 663–666.

[11]   Jianxi Yao, Gaoling Zhao, Dan Wang, Gaorong Han, 2005, “Solvothermal synthesis and characterization of CdS nanowires/PVA composite films". Materials Letters, Vol. 59, pp. 3652 – 3655.

[12]   G. Muragadoss, B. Rajamannan, V. Ramasamy, 2010, “Synthesis and Photoluminescence Study of PVA- Capped ZnS:Mn- Nanoparticles”. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, Vol. 5, No 2, pp. 339 – 345.

[13]   P. Vinotha Boorana Lakshmi, K. Sakthi Raj, and K. Ramachandran, 2009, “Synthesis and Charecterisation of nano ZnS doped with Mn”. Cryst. Res. Technol., Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 153 – 158.

[14]   E. Martín Rodríguez1, A.Speghini, F. Piccinelli et al, 2008, “Second harmonic generation by Ferroelectric nanoparticles of Strontium Barium Niobate”. Poster, September 01-05, Oviedo-Spain.

 
 
Top