JMMCE  Vol.11 No.2 , February 2012
Mica Filled PVC Composites: Performance Enhancement in Dielectric and Mechanical Properties with Treated/Untreated Mica of Different Particle Size and Different Concentration
ABSTRACT
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) of different grades is the second most commonly used polymer for fabrication of electric cables and wires after polyethylene. Cables of domestic and industrial use of various capacities are fabricated using different compounds of PVC. Mica is useful particulate filler extensively used to enhance the performance of many polymeric materials. It surface resistance and arc resistance improving its mechanical properties. In the present research work mica filled PVC composites of different concentrations were prepared using untreated and surface treated water ground mica of different particle size. Mica filled PVC composites were compounded for various compositions and test samples were prepared using compression moulding process. These samples were tested for electrical insulation and mechanical properties. The results shows enhancement in dielectric properties with improvement in Young’s modulus, stiffness, reduction in elongation at break and slight increase in shore D hardness of composites. Scanning electron microscopy was used to test the morphology of the samples which has shown proper distributions and adhesion of the filler mica in PVC matrix. There was some effect of surface treatment of mica on its mechanical and dielectric properties of the composite.

Cite this paper
S. Deshmukh and A. Rao, "Mica Filled PVC Composites: Performance Enhancement in Dielectric and Mechanical Properties with Treated/Untreated Mica of Different Particle Size and Different Concentration," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 2, 2012, pp. 169-181. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.112014.
References
[1]   P.Bataile,S.Boisee, H.P. Schreiber, J of Vinyl & Additive Tech.,Vol.6 Issue 4, Pg.147-151, Dec. 84.

[2]   T. M. Malik, R. E. Prud’homme, B. Remillard, Pol. Composite, Vol. 7 Iss..5, , Pg. 315-322. Oct. 1986

[3]   P. Bataille, T.V. Bui, Pol. Composites, Vol. 2 issue 1, pg. 8-12, Aug. 2004

[4]   C.J. Marshall, R. Rozett, A.C. Kunkle, Plstic Compounding, vol.8, issue 7, pg. 69-70,73, Nov.85

[5]   C. Richard, K. Hing, H.P. Schreiber, Pol. Composites, vol.6, Issue.4 Pg. 201-208, Aug. 2004

[6]   D. Maldas, B. V. Kokta, J of Vinyl 7 Addit. Tech. vol. 15, issue 1, pg. 38-44, March 1993

[7]   V. B. Gupta., C. Brahatheeswaran., J. Appl. Polym. Sci.. vol 52, 107- 118 (1994)

[8]   R. Zhao., J. Huan., B. Sun., G. Dai., J. Appl. Polym. Sci.. vol. 82, 2719 – 2728 (2001)

[9]   RG Raj, BV Kokta, C Daneault, J Appl. Polym. Sci. Vol 40, 645-55 (1990)

[10]   M. A. Osman, A. Atallah, M. Muller, U. W. Suter., Polymer,vol. 42 6545-6556,(2001)

[11]   Fenton,Malcom, Hawley, George, Pol. Composites, vol. V3, Issue N4, pg. 218-229, Oct.82

[12]   P. Bajaj, NK Jha, Anand Kumar, J Appl. Polym. Sci. Vol 44, 1921-1930 (1992)

[13]   H. Ismail, Y. Munusamy, J of Reinforced Plastics & Comp. Vol. 26. No. 16, 1681-1694,(2007)

[14]   A. Tripathi, A. K. Tripathi, P.K.C. Pillai, J of Mtl Sci. letters 9, pg. 443-45, 1990.

[15]   S.P. Deshmukh, A.C. Rao, V.R. Gaval, S.Joseph, P.A. Mahanwar , J of Min.& Mat.Cha. & Engg, vol.9, Pg. 831-844 (2010)

[16]   S. P. Deshmukh, A.C. Rao, V.R. Gaval, P.A.Mahanwar, J of Ther. Comp.Mat. vol.24, iss.5 pg.583-599, Sep 2011

 
 
Top