ABSTRACT A safe and environmentally friendly cyaniding method has been developed to mitigate the toxic impacts of cyanide salts on the environment during conventional cyaniding. The method entails in-situ diffusion of nascent cyanide from mature cassava leaves into the surface of mild steel components via pack-cyaniding. Both high-temperature in-situ diffusion into austenite and low-temperature in-situ diffusion into ferrite were explored. Results from light and scanning electron microscopic studies showed that surface hardness of the steel components was substantially increased. The waste product was a harmless biodegradable organic compound that posed no disposal threats. This study is important for increasing the wear resistance of ferrous parts for a longer service life in application without polluting the environment.
Cite this paper
K. Akinluwade, A. Adetunji, M. Adeoye, L. Umoru, P. Kalu, A. Taiwo and O. Adewoye, "Development of an Environmentally Friendly in-situ Pack-Cyaniding Technique," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 1, 2012, pp. 21-30. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.111002.
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