Back
 JMMCE  Vol.10 No.12 , October 2011
Characterization of Ceramic Filled Polymer Matrix Composite Used for Biomedical Applications
Abstract: A particulate composite material was prepared by adding (CaCO3, CaO, MgCO3, MgO) ceramic particles with particle size of (< 53 μm) to unsaturated polyester resin with weight fraction of (3, 6, 9, 12, 15)% and fixed amount of CaF2 (0.5% wt.). The results had revealed that the maximum values of tensile strength, compression, bending strength, hardness, impact energy and water absorption%, were (57.6828 N/mm2 at 3% wt. CaCO3, 124.0965 N/mm2 at 9% wt. CaCO3, 102.188 N/mm2 at 9% wt. MgO, 88.2 Shore D at 9% wt. CaCO3, 0.27 J at 6%wt. CaCO3 and 0.8432 % at 15%wt.CaO) compared with reference values, i.e.( 37.4742 N/mm2, 100.3563 N/mm2, 34.194 N/mm2, 83 Shore D, 0.36 J and 0.2626%) respectively.
Cite this paper: W. Hanna, F. Gharib and I. Marhoon, "Characterization of Ceramic Filled Polymer Matrix Composite Used for Biomedical Applications," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 12, 2011, pp. 1167-1178. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.1012089.
References

[1]   Williams DF., "Definitions in biomaterials. Proceedings of a consensus conference of the european society for biomaterials", vol. 4. Chester, England, March 3–5, 1986. New York:Elsevier, 1987.

[2]   Gunatillake PA, Adhikari R, Biodegradable synthetic polymers for tissue engineering. Eur Cell Mater J, 5:1-16, 2003.

[3]   K. Rezwan, Q.Z. Chen, J.J. Blaker, Aldo Roberto Boccaccini, Biodegradable and bioactive porous polymer/inorganic composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, Biomaterials 27 (2006) 3413–3431.

[4]   Hench LL, Polak JM. Third-Generation Biomedical Materials. Science 2002; 295:1014-1017.

[5]   Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE. Hydroxyapatite/poly([epsilon]-caprolactone) composite coatings on hydroxyapatite porous bone scaffold for drug delivery. Biomaterials; 25:1279–1287, 2004.

[6]   Gittens SA, Uludag H. Growth factor delivery for bone tissue engineering. J Drug Target; 9:407–29, 2001.

[7]   Jaafar Al-Haidari, Engineering Materials Tests, Dar Al-Motaz for publication and distribution, first edition ,Jordan, 2005

[8]   Qahtan Kahlf Al-Khazraji, Adel Mahmoud Hassan, Abd El Gawad Mohamed Sharif; Engineering materials and their tests; Dar Djlah for publication and distribution, first edition, Jordan ,2009

[9]   Mohammed Ismail Omar, Quality and plastic materials tests, Dar al-kotob al-ilmiyah for Publishing and Distribution, Lebanon, 2001

[10]   H. V. Ramakrishna , S. K. Rai ; Effect on the Mechanical Properties and Water Absorption of Granite Powder Composites on Toughening Epoxy with Unsaturated Polyester and Unsaturated Polyester with Epoxy Resin; SAGE Publications, Journal of REINFORCED PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES, Vol. 25, No. 1/2006.

[11]   Ganiyu K. Latinwo, David S. Aribike, Layioye O. Oyekunle2, Akpoveta A. Susu , Semiu A. Kareem ; EFFECTS OF CALCIUM CARBONATE OF DIFFERENT COMPOSITIONS AND PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLEXIBLE POLYURETHANE FOAM; Nature and Science 2010;8(9): pages 92-101. (ISSN: 1545-0740).

[12]   B. Shivamurthy, Siddaramaiah , M.S. Prabhuswamy ; Influence of SiO2 Fillers on Sliding Wear Resistance and Mechanical Properties of Compression Moulded Glass Epoxy Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.7, pp 513-530, 2009.

[13]   M.S. Sreekanth , V.A. Bambole, S.T. Mhaske1, P.A. Mahanwar ; Effect of Particle Size and Concentration of Flyash on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.3, pp 237-248, 2009.

[14]   M. S. Sreekanth1, V. A. Bambole2, S. T. Mhaske1, P. A. Mahanwar ; Effect of Concentration of Mica on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.4, pp 271-282,2009

[15]   Suryasarathi Bose and P.A.Mahanwar; Effect of Particle Size of Filler on Properties of Nylon-6; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 3, No.1, pp 23-31, 2004.

[16]   Roger N. Rothon; Editor, Particulate-Filled Polymer Composites, second edition, Rapra Technology Limited, UK,2003.

[17]   Shao-Yun Fu , Xi-Qiao Feng , Bernd Lauke , Yiu-Wing Mai ,effects of particle size,particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate-polymer composites, Elsevier, Composites part B 39 (2008) 933-961.

 
 
Top