ABSTRACT The microstructures of 304 stainless steel chips created by plane strain machining at ambient
temperature have been analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the crystallite
size of the ultrafine chips were analyzed using X-Ray Diffraction Analysis. The strain imposed in
the chips was varied by changing the tool rake angle. An attempt is made in the present
investigation to correlate the plastic strain, strain rate with the grain size of the stainless steel.
Cite this paper
V. Senthilkumar and K. Lenin, "Synthesis and Characterization of Ultrafine Grained 304 Stainless Steel through Machining," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 5, 2011, pp. 455-461. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.105034.
 Swaminathan Srinivasan, Ravi Shankar M, Lee Seongyl, Hwang Jihong, King Alexander H, Kezar Renae F. Large strain deformation and ultra-fine grained materials by machining. J Mater Sci Eng 2005; 410–411:358–63.
Brown Travis L, Swaminathan Srinivasan, Chandrasekar Srinivasan, Dale Compton W, King Alexander H, Trumble Kevin P. Low-cost manufacturing process for nanostructured metals and alloys. J Mater Res Soc 2002;17:2484–6.
Zhilyaev A.P., Lee S., Nurislamova G.V., Valiev R.Z., Langdon T.G. Microhardness and microstructural evolution in pure nickel during high-pressure torsion. Scripta Mater 2001;44:2753-8.
D.A. Hughes, N. Hansen. Microstructure and strength of nickel at large strains. Acta Mater 2000;48:2985-3004.
Ravi Shankar M, Verma R, Rao BC, Chandrasekar S, Compton WD, King AH. Severe plastic deformation of difficult-to-deform materials at near-ambient temperatures. Metall Mater Trans 2007; 38A:1903.
Manufacturing Processes, ASM Hand Book, Volume 16, 1993.