JMMCE  Vol.9 No.11 , November 2010
Morphological, Mechanical, Thermal, Electrical and Rheological Properties of Polycarbonate Composites Reinforced with Surfaces Modified Mica
Abstract: The mica fillers reinforced Polycarbonate (PC) composites were fabricated using compression molding technique. The mica surface was chemically modified using vinyltrimethoxy silane and 3–Aminopropyltriethoxy silane. The properties of treated mica PC composites were examined in terms of scanning electron microscopy, thermo gravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry and rheological behavior. The modified mica was observed to disperse more uniformly than the unmodified counterpart. The tensile strength and modulus also improved with treated mica filled PC composites. Polycarbonate (PC) / mica composites were prepared by twin screw extruder at 250 °C. Rheological behavior of PC/mica composites was investigated. The PC / mica composites were characterized by parallel plate rheometer system. As increasing the mica particle size and the content, storage and loss modulus of the PC / mica composites were increased.
Cite this paper: M. Parvaiz, P. Mahanwar, S. Mohanty and S. Nayak, "Morphological, Mechanical, Thermal, Electrical and Rheological Properties of Polycarbonate Composites Reinforced with Surfaces Modified Mica," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 11, 2010, pp. 985-996. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.911071.

[1]   Fekete E., Moczo J,. Pukanszky B., 2004, “Determination of the surface characteristics of particulate fillers by inverse gas chromatography at infinite dilution: a critical approach.” J.Colloid Interfaces Sci., Vol. 269(10), pp. 143–152.

[2]   Metin D., Tihminlioglu F., Balkose D., Ulku S., 2004, “The effect of interfacial interactions on the mechanical properties of polypropylene/natural zeolite composites.” Composite Part A, Vol. 35(1), pp. 23–32.

[3]   Maiti S.N., Lopez B.H., 1992, “Tensile properties of polypropylene/kaolin composites.” J.Appl Polym Sci., Vol. 44(2), pp. 353–360.

[4]   Kim J K., Mai Y W., 1993, “Interfaces in Composites, Materials Science and Technology, Structure and Properties of Composites” Germany, VCH, pp. 229-289.

[5]   George Wypych., 2004, Handbook of Fillers. 2nd Ed. Plastics Design Library, pp. 545-546.

[6]   Boyle J., Manas-Zloczower I., Feke D., 2004, “Influence of Particle Morphology and Flow Conditions on the Dispersion Behavior of Fumed Silica in Silicone Polymers.” Part. Syst. Charact., Vol. 21(3), pp. 205–212.

[7]   Dubnikova I L., Oshmyan V G., Gorenberg A Y., 1997, J Mater Sci., Vol. 32(6), pp. 1613–22.

[8]   Scurati A., Manas-Zloczower I., Feke D., 2002, Chem. Technol., Vol. 75, pp. 725– 738.

[9]   Bose S., Mahanwar P. A., 2006, J Appl Polym Sci., Vol. 99, pp. 266–72.

[10]   Katz H S., Milewsk J. V., Eds., 1978, Handbook of fillers and Reinforcement for plastic. Van Nostrond Reinhold: New York.

[11]   Woodhoms R T., M Xanthos., 1978, In Handbook of fillers and Reinforcement for plastic, Katz, HS; Milewsk JV Eds, Van Nostrond Reinhold: New York.

[12]   Sheppherd P D., Golemba F J., Maine F W., 1978, In Handbook of fillers and Reinforcement for plastic, Van Nostrond Reinhold: New York.

[13]   Berlin A A., Volfson S A., Enikolopian N S., Negnatov S S., 1986, Principles of polymer composites. Berlin: Springer.

[14]   Kohlman W G., Petrie S P., 1995, Adv Polym Technol, Vol. 14, pp. 111.

[15]   Kayano Y., Kerkkula H., Paul D R., 1998, Polymer, Vol. 39, pp. 821.

[16]   Chrysostomou A., Hashemi S., 1996, J Mater Sci., Vol. 3, pp. 1183.

[17]   Ho K C., Hwang J R., Doong J L., 1996, Polym and Polym Compos, Vol. 4, pp. 563.

[18]   Susan E T., Charles E C., 1982, J Appl Polym Sci., Vol. 27, pp. 4493–4500.

[19]   Newman S, Meyer F. Mica composites of improved strength. J. Polym Compos (1980); 1:37–43.

[20]   Verbeek C J R., 2003, Mater Lett, Vol. 57, pp. 1919– 924.

[21]   Schrieber H P., Tewari Y B., Wertheimer M R., 1976, J Appl Polym Sci., Vol. 20, pp. 2663–2673.

[22]   Collins W T., Kludt J L., 1975, Proceedings of the 30th Annual Technical Conference, Reinforced Plastics/Composites Institute/ SPI, Sec 7D.

[23]   Pushpa B., Jha N K., Anand K., 1995, J Appl Polym Sci., Vol. 56, pp. 133 –1347.

[24]   Suryasarathi Bose., Mahanwar P A., 2005, Polym Eng Sci., Vol. 45, pp. 1479–1486.

[25]   Molcolm P., 1990, Stevens. Polymer chemistry an introduction. Second edition, Oxford university press. New York, pp. 174-75.

[26]   Yan Xia CAO., Miao DU., Qiang Zheng., 2004, Chin. J. Mat. Res., Vol. 15(5), pp. 567– 570.

[27]   Qiang Zheng., Hong Guo Hu., Xiao Le Tao., 2004, Chinese Chemical Letters, Vol. 15(1), pp. 71– 73.