ABSTRACT In this work, the microstructural description, mechanical properties and dry sliding wear
features of NiCrBSiCFe plasma sprayed on AISI 316 austenitic stainless steel (ASS) substrate
were examined. Defect-free metallurgically bonded coatings were obtained. Wear tests were
carried out at 2 m/s sliding velocity under the load of 20N for 2000 m sliding distance at
various conditions like room temperature (35°C), 150°C, 250°C and 350°C using a EN-8
medium carbon steel pin as a counterface material. The properties namely coating density,
micro hardness, coefficient of friction (CoF) and wear resistance of the coating were studied.
NiCrBSiCFe plasma spray coated steel substrate showed superior wear resistance properties
than the uncoated steel substrate in all the temperatures. The sliding wear resistance was
improved up to 4.5 times than that of the uncoated material. In wear test carried out at
350oC, the coated substrates showed relatively lesser wear than in other temperatures due to
the oxide formation, which acted as a protective layer. In addition, the shallow ploughing
mode of wear reduced the severity of material removal at 350°C. Using scanning electron
microscope (SEM) pictures, the wear properties of the coated steel substrate were evaluated
in terms of plastic deformation, material transfer and abrasion.
Cite this paper
N. Parthasarathi and M. Duraiselvam, "Improvement of High Temperature Wear Resistance of AISI 316 ASS through NiCrBSiCFe Plasma Spray Coating," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 7, 2010, pp. 653-670. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.97047.
 Whittle R.D., Scott V.D., 1984, “Sliding-wear evaluation of nitrided austenitic alloys”, Met. Technology, 11(6), 231-241 .
Smith A.F., 1986, “Influence of environment on the unlubricated wear of 316 stainless steel at room temperature”, Tribol. Int., 19, 1-10
Tarassov, S.Yu., Kolubaev, A.V.,1999, “Effect of friction on subsurface layer
microstructure in austenitic and martensitic steels”, Wear, 231, 228–234.
Betancourt-Dougherty L.C., Smith R.W., 1998, “Effects of load and sliding speed on the wear behaviour of plasma sprayed TiC-NiCrBSi coatings”, Wear, 217 147-154.
Belzunce F.J., Higuera V., Poveda S., and Carriles A., 2002, “High Temperature
Oxidation of HFPD Thermal-Sprayed MCrAlY Coatings in Simulated Gas Turbine
Environments”, J. Therm. Spray Technol., 11(4), 461-467.
Sun Y., Bell T., 2002, “Effect of layer thickness on the rolling-sliding wear behavior of low temperature plasma-carburized austenitic stainless steel”, Tribol. Lett., 13, 1, 29-34.
Straffelini, G, Trabucco, D., and Molinari, A., 2002, “Sliding Wear of Austenitic and Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 33A, 613-624.
Sun Y., Bell T., 2002, “Dry sliding wear resistance of low temperature plasma carburized austenitic stainless steel”, Wear, 253, 689–693.
Fleury E., Kim Y.C., Kim J.S., Kim D.H., Kim W.T., Ahn H.S and Lee S.M., 2002,
“Tribological properties of Al–Ni–Co–Si quasicrystalline coatings against Cr-coated cast iron disc”, J. Alloys Compd., 342, 321–325.
Higuera V., Belzunce F. J., Carriles A., Poveda S., “Influence of the thermal-spray
procedure on the properties of a nickel-chromium coating”, J. Mater. Sci., 37 2002 649– 654
Pershin V., Lufitha M., Chandra S., and Mostaghimi J., 2003, “Effect of Substrate
Temperature on Adhesion Strength of Plasma-Sprayed Nickel Coatings”, J. Therm. Spray Technol., 12(3), 370-376
Bregliozzi G., Ahmed S.I.-U., Di Schino A., Kenny J.M., and Haefke H., 2004, “Friction and wear behavior of austenitic stainless steel: influence of atmospheric humidity, load range, and grain size”, Tribol. Lett., 17, 4, 697-704.
Sidhu T. S., Prakash S., and Agrawal R. D., 2005, “Studies on the properties of highvelocity oxy–fuel thermal spray coatings for higher temperature applications”, Materials Science, 41, 6, 805-823.
Navas C., Vijande R., Cuetos J.M., Fernández M.R., Damborene J. de., 2006, Corrosion behaviour of NiCrBSi plasma-sprayed coatings partially melted with laser, Surf. Coat. Technol,. 201, 776–785.
Hai-dou Wang, Bin-shi Xu, Jia-jun Liu, Da-ming Zhuang, Shi-cheng Wei, Guo Jin,
2007, “The iron sulfide coatings prepared by plasma spraying and their friction-reduction performance”, Surf. Coat. Technol., 201, 5286–5289.
Harsha S., Dwivedi D.K., and Agarwal A., 2008, “Performance of Flame Sprayed Ni-WC Coating under Abrasive Wear Conditions”, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 17(1), 104-110.
Budzynski P., Polanski K., Kobzev A. P., 2008, “Changes in Surface Properties
of Nitrogen-Implanted AISI316L Stainless Steel”, J. Surf. Invest., 2, 4, 657–662.
Manoj Singla, Lakhvir Singh, Vikas Chawla, 2009, “Study of Wear Properties of Al-SiC Composites”, J. Min. Mat. Charct. Engg., 8, 10, 813-819.
Nascimento F. C., Lepienski C. M., Foerster C. E., Assmann A.,. da Silva S. L. R.,
Siqueira C. J. de M., Chinelatto A. L., 2009, “Structural, mechanical, and tribological properties of AISI 304 and AISI 316L steels submitted to nitrogen–carbon glow discharge”, J. Mater. Sci., 44, 1045–1053.
Shenglin Liu , Xueping Zheng, Gangqiang Geng, 2010, “Dry sliding wear behavior and corrosion resistance of NiCrBSi coating deposited by activated combustion-high velocity air fuel spray process”, Mater. Des., 31, 913–917.
ASTM G99-95, 1995. ASTM G99-95a (reapproved 2000): standard test method for wear testing with a pin on disk apparatus.
Hutchings I. M, 1992, Tribology, Friction and wear of engineering materials,