JMMCE  Vol.9 No.6 , June 2010
Investigating the Effect of Chemical Treatment on the Constituents and Tensile Properties of Sisal Fibre
ABSTRACT
This work was carried out to investigate the effect of chemical treatment on the constituents and tensile properties of sisal fibre (Agave Sisalana). Sisal leaves were cut and buried underground close to the stream and were wetted with water regularly in order to ensure proper fermentation for about 15 days. The fermented leaves were washed and sun dried. The dried sisal fibre obtained was treated mechanically with chemicals after which the percentages of their constituents were characterized and, their tensile properties determined with Instron universal tensile testing machine. The results show that the chemical treatments enhance the removal of lignin and hemicelluloses which are detrimental to the bonding strength of composite produced from natural fibres except that of sample treated with alkaline peroxide. The results of the tensile test revealed that sample treated sequentially with KOH, acetic acid, NaCl and HCl has the best tensile properties followed by the sample treated with alkaline peroxide.

Cite this paper
I. Oladele, J. Omotoyinbo and J. Adewara, "Investigating the Effect of Chemical Treatment on the Constituents and Tensile Properties of Sisal Fibre," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 6, 2010, pp. 569-582. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.96041.
References
[1]   Pelet A.,Sueki S.and Mobasher B (2006) Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Fabrics in Pultruded Cement Composites,16th European Conference of Fracture, Special Symposium Measuring Monitoring and Modelling Concrete Properties Alexandrroupolis, Greece.

[2]   Bessadok A.,Langevin D., Gouanve F., Chappey C., Roudesli S.,Marais S.,(2008),Study of Water Sorption on Modified Agave Fibres,Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier,76,pp 74-85.

[3]   Benjamin C. Tobias, (1990),Fabrication and Performance of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composite Material, 35th. Int. SAMPLE Symposium, pp 970-387.

[4]   Wallenberger F.T., and Weston N., (2004), Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composite Natural,Material Source Book from C.H.I.P.S. Texas.

[5]   Idicula M., Malhota S.K., Joseph K., Thomas S., (2005), Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Randomly Oriented Intimately mixed Short Banana/Sisal Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Polyester Composites, Composites Science and Technology, 67(7-8), pp 1077-1087.

[6]   Jacob M., Thomas S., Varughea K.T., (2004), Mechanical Properties of Sisal/Oil Palm Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Natural Rubber Composites, Composites Science and Technology, 64, pp 955-965.

[7]   Hautala M., Pasila A., Pirila J., (2004),Use of Hemp and Flax in Composite Manufacture: a search for new production methods, Composite Part A, 35, pp 11-16.

[8]   Chand N., Dwivedi U.K., (2006),Effect of Coupling Agent on Abrasive Wear Behaviour of Chopped Jute Fibre-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Composites Science and Technology, 261, pp1057-1063.

[9]   Brahmakumar M., Pavithran C., Pillai R.M., (2005),Coconut Fibre Reinforced Polyethylene Composites: effect of natural waxy surface layer of the fibre on fibre/matrix interfacial bonding and strength of composites, Material Processing Technology , 65(3-4),pp 563-569.

[10]   Oladele,I.O. and Adewuyi B.O. (2008) Development of Automobile Gaskets from Local Fibres, Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 28 No 3, p152-157.

[11]   Yousif B.F.,EL-Tayeb N.S.M.,(2007), The Effect of Oil Palm Fibres as Reinforcement on Tribological Performance of Polyester Composites, Surface Review Letter, Composites Science and Technology, 14(6), pp 1-8.

[12]   Khalil H.P.S.A., Rozman H.D.,(2000),Rice-Husk Polyester Composites:The Effect of Chemical Modification of Rice Husk on the Mechanical and Dimensional Stability Properties, Polymer Plastic and Technology Engineering, 39, 757-781.

[13]   Tronc E., Hernandez-Escobar C.A., Ibarra-Gomez R., Estrada-Monje A.,Navarrete- Bolanos J., Zaragoza-Contreras E.A.,(2007),Blue Agave Fibre Esterification for the Reinforcement of Thermoplastic Composites,Carbohydrate Polymers,67,pp 245-255.

[14]   EL-Tayeb N.S.M.,(2008),Abrasive Wear Performance of untreated Sugarcane Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composite, Material Processing Technology,206(1-3),pp 305- 314.

[15]   Habibi,Y., Heux,L., Mahrouz, M.and Vignon,M.R. (2008) Morphological and Structural Study of Seed Pericarp of Opuntia Ficus- Indica prickly Pear Fruits. Carbohydrate Polymers, 72(1), p102-112.

[16]   Sun J.X.,Sun X.F., Zhao H and Sun R.C. (2004) Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose from Sugarcane Bagasse. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 84(2), p331- 339.

[17]   Dotan A.L., Da Silva J.L.G., and Qureshi H.A.AL .,(1996), Macro and Micro- Mechanical Behaviour of Natural Fiber Composites, Mechanics in Design Conf., University of Toronto, Canada, 2, pp 823-831.

[18]   Egor P. Popov and Toader A. Balam (1991) Engineering Mechanics of Solids. 2nd ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, p68.

[19]   Amsted,B.H; Phillip;F. Ostwald and Myron L. Begeman (1987) Manufacturing Processes, John Wiley & Sons, p287.

[20]   Bolton, W (1988) Production Technology- processes, materials and planning, Heinemann Professional Publishing, p122.

 
 
Top